双语:坚决打赢抗击疫情阻击战 推动构建人类命运共同体

摘要

Full Text: Winning a Decisive Victory Against COVID-19 and Promoting the Development of a Global Community with a Shared Future

王毅在《求是》杂志2020年第9期发表题为《坚决打赢抗击疫情阻击战 推动构建人类命运共同体》的署名文章

坚决打赢抗击疫情阻击战 推动构建人类命运共同体

Winning a Decisive Victory Against COVID-19 and Promoting the Development of a Global Community with a Shared Future

 

王毅

Wang Yi

 

新冠肺炎疫情是对中国人民生命安全和身体健康的一个重大威胁,也是对全球公共卫生安全的一次重大挑战。面对严峻考验,在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民万众一心、众志成城,形成了抗击疫病的强大合力,书写了可歌可泣的英雄篇章,赢得了国际社会的钦佩与支持。在这场仍在进行的重大斗争中,外交战线坚决贯彻习近平总书记重要指示精神和党中央决策部署,增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”,积极投身疫情防控的人民战争、总体战、阻击战,全力为国内疫情防控和经济社会发展营造良好外部环境,为全球携手抗击疫情构筑坚实有力防线。

 

The COVID-19 is a serious threat to the health and safety of the Chinese people and a major challenge to global public health security. In the face of this severe test, the Chinese people of all ethnic groups have united as one and brought together a powerful force for fighting against this epidemic under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at the core. Their stirring deeds of heroism have won the admiration and support of the international community. In this critical battle, which is still ongoing, we in the diplomatic service have resolutely implemented the important instructions of General Secretary Xi and the decisions and plans of the CPC Central Committee. We have enhanced our awareness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central authorities; boosted our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and firmly upheld General Secretary Xi’s core position on the CPC Central Committee and in the Party as a whole as well as the CPC Central Committee’s authority and centralized, unified leadership. We have actively participated in the all-out people’s war against the epidemic by doing our utmost to foster an external environment conducive to epidemic control and economic and social development at home, and making China a strong line of defense in the global response to the pandemic.

 

I

 

新冠肺炎疫情发生以来,外交战线紧紧围绕坚决遏制疫情蔓延势头、坚决打赢疫情防控阻击战总目标,把疫情防控工作作为最重要的政治任务,以高度责任感和使命感扎实推进疫情防控涉外工作,为党中央分忧,为国家尽责,为人民担当,为国内抗疫斗争贡献力量。

 

Since the onset of the COVID-19, we in the diplomatic service have focused our efforts on the overarching goal of containing and defeating the disease, and made epidemic prevention and control our foremost political task. With a strong sense of mission and responsibility, we have taken solid steps to advance foreign affairs work related to prevention and control. By doing so, we have done our best to share the burdens of the CPC Central Committee, fulfill our duties to the people and the nation, and contribute to the domestic fight against the epidemic.

 

积极开展抗疫外交,全力争取国际支持。习近平总书记指挥若定,亲力亲为,同法国、德国、沙特阿拉伯、美国、印度尼西亚、卡塔尔、马来西亚、英国、韩国、巴基斯坦、阿联酋、埃塞俄比亚、智利、古巴等十余个国家领导人通话,强调中国全国动员、全面部署、快速反应,采取最全面、最严格、最彻底的防控举措,完全有信心、有能力、有把握战胜疫情,并把疫情影响降到最低,努力实现今年经济社会发展目标任务。习近平总书记的铿锵话语发出了中国“战疫必胜”的时代最强音。全球170多个国家领导人和40多个国际和地区组织负责人向中国领导人来函致电、发表声明表示慰问支持,对我国抗疫举措及其积极成效予以高度肯定。联合国、上海合作组织、金砖国家、东盟、非盟、阿盟、拉共体、七十七国集团等重要组织专门发表声明,表达对中国抗疫行动的信心与支持。我们还接待柬埔寨首相洪森、蒙古国总统巴特图勒嘎专程访华,在老挝举行中国—东盟关于新冠肺炎问题特别外长会,与世界卫生组织密切合作,同日本、韩国、俄罗斯、法国、英国、德国、伊朗、马来西亚等20多国外长通话,汇聚起国际社会患难与共、携手抗疫的广泛共识。

 

We have made active diplomatic efforts to secure international support for the fight against COVID-19.

 

General Secretary Xi has projected calm and confidence as he has personally taken charge of China’s epidemic response. In phone calls with over a dozen foreign leaders, including the leaders of France, Germany, Saudi Arabia, the United States, Indonesia, Qatar, Malaysia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Republic of Korea (ROK), Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Ethiopia, Chile, and Cuba, President Xi underscored that the entire Chinese nation has been mobilized in a rapid response, and that the most comprehensive, rigorous, and thorough measures have been adopted in the country. He stressed that we are confident in our ability to triumph over the outbreak and minimize its impact, and that we will strive to meet this year’s targets for economic and social development. His remarks have sent a resounding message to the world that China will prevail in this fight.

 

To date, leaders of over 170 countries and heads of more than 40 international and regional organizations have sent messages or issued statements of sympathy and support to China. They have also commended China for the effective measures we have taken and the success we have achieved in responding to the virus. The United Nations (UN), the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the African Union, the Arab League, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), and the G77 have issued statements to express their confidence in and support for China’s actions in this regard. We hosted Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and Mongolian President Khaltmaagiin Battulga on special visits to China, and jointly held the Special ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers’ Meeting on Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in Laos. We have been working closely with the World Health Organization (WHO). I have spoken to over 20 foreign ministers, including those of Japan, the ROK, Russia, France, the UK, Germany, Iran, and Malaysia. These diplomatic communications have built broad international consensus for the world to cooperate and fight this virus together.

 

全面推进国际合作,服务国内抗疫需要。我们通过各驻外机构,为争取国内抗疫急需的医疗物资多方奔走,为开展国际采购牵线搭桥,为接收外国政府、华侨华人及国际友人的自发捐赠建立绿色通道。目前,来自50个国家和国际组织的援助物资已经交付,大批紧缺医疗物资相继运抵武汉,送达国内最需要的地方。我们协同主管部门,同各国积极开展信息交流和科研合作,为疫情诊治和疫苗研发提供国际智力支撑。

 

We have promoted international cooperation across the board to help reinforce domestic prevention and control.

 

China’s diplomatic and consular missions have worked hard to secure medical supplies urgently needed at home, acted as go – betweens to facilitate overseas procurement, and fast-tracked the delivery of donations from foreign governments, overseas Chinese, and friends around the world. So far, we have received assistance and supplies from 50 countries and international organizations. Large quantities of badly needed medical supplies have made their way to Wuhan and other places where they are most in demand. In coordination with competent authorities, we have also facilitated active information sharing and cooperation on scientific research with other countries, helping to pool international expertise for diagnosing and treating the virus and for developing vaccines.

 

努力践行外交为民,维护同胞正当权益。面对突如其来的疫情,我们坚决维护海外公民安全与正当权益。针对少数国家采取的过度反应举措,我们依据世界卫生组织提出的政策建议及时表明立场,并与各国协商沟通,努力避免对中外正常的人员和经贸往来带来不必要冲击。我们践行外交为民宗旨,设立专项领保机制,通过所有驻外使领馆找寻和联系回国无门的湖北同胞,派出十余架次包机,从泰国、马来西亚、日本、越南、新加坡、印度尼西亚等地将1300余名滞留海外的湖北兄弟姐妹接回家。在中央统筹下,我们协助香港特区政府从日本接回“钻石公主”号游轮上的港澳同胞。各驻外机构夜以继日开展领事保护工作,为18100余名因航班中断无法回国的中国公民提供帮助,接打1万余通领保电话,协助解决近2700个领保案件。外交部还派出工作组驰援武汉,全力做好各项涉外协调服务工作,成为外交战线最美“逆行者”。

 

We have followed a people-centered approach to safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of our compatriots.

 

Confronted by the sudden strike of the virus, we have taken resolute steps to ensure the safety of our citizens abroad and to protect their legitimate rights and interests. In response to the disproportionate reactions of a small number of countries, we have stated our position at the earliest opportunity in accordance with the policy recommendations put forward by the WHO. We have communicated and consulted with various countries to prevent normal personnel and economic exchanges from being impacted unnecessarily. With commitment to the tenet of putting people first in our work, we have set up special consular protection mechanisms, and used all of our diplomatic and consular missions to locate and contact our compatriots from Hubei who had been stranded overseas. More than ten charter flights have been sent to bring home over 1,300 Hubei residents from Thailand, Malaysia, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, and Indonesia. Under the overall coordination of the central government, we assisted the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in repatriating residents of Hong Kong and Macao who were on the Diamond Princess cruise ship docked in Japan. Our diplomatic and consular missions have worked around the clock at this difficult time, assisting over 18,100 Chinese citizens who had not been able to return home due to flight cancellations, making and receiving over 10,000 calls regarding consular protection, and helping to resolve nearly 2,700 consular protection cases. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) has sent a task force to Wuhan to coordinate the handling of diplomatic matters in epidemic response, the members of which have set an example for all of us in the diplomatic service through their bravery.

 

主动开展对外宣介,讲好中国抗疫故事。我们通过出席慕尼黑安全会议等多边平台,充分运用外交部例行记者会、新媒体等多种形式在国际舆论场及时发声,全面宣介我国抗击疫情所作的巨大努力,展现中国未来发展的光明前景,用事实坚定信心,用沟通赢得信任,同时坚决回击歧视中国公民、制造恐慌情绪的错误行径和不实言论,努力为疫情防控营造良好国际环境。多次召开外国驻华使馆(团)疫情防控通报会,展现中国政府重视外国在华公民生命安全和身体健康的负责任态度。我国各驻外使节和机构密集展开公共外交行动,接受主流电视及电台采访400余次,发表署名文章300余篇,举办吹风会、演讲500余次,在境内外重要社交媒体发文2万余条,帮助国际社会更好了解中国人民抗疫斗争,坚定对中国经济继续向好发展的信心。

 

We have reached out to the world to share China’s experiences in fighting the epidemic.

 

By participating in multilateral platforms such as the Munich Security Conference and by taking full advantage of multiple channels such as daily MFA briefings and new media, we have acted quickly to make our voice heard on the international stage. We have thoroughly informed other countries about the tremendous efforts we have made in fighting the virus and shown them that the prospects for China’s future development remain bright, using facts and communication to shore up confidence and trust in China among the international community. Meanwhile, we have condemned instances of discrimination toward Chinese nationals as well as misguided actions and rumors that have incited panic, in an effort to foster an international climate conducive to fighting the virus. We have also held briefings on prevention and control efforts for foreign diplomatic missions in China, demonstrating that the Chinese government cares for the health and safety of foreign nationals in China. China’s diplomatic envoys and missions all over the world have carried out intensive public diplomacy activities, participating in over 400 interviews on mainstream TV and radio channels, publishing more than 300 articles, delivering over 500 briefings and speeches, and posting more than 20,000 messages on popular foreign and domestic social media platforms. Their efforts have helped the world better appreciate the Chinese people’s fight against the virus, and instilled greater confidence in the positive trajectory of the Chinese economy.

 

II

 

中国人民为抗击疫情作出了艰苦卓绝努力,当前全国疫情防控形势积极向好的态势正在拓展。在抗击疫情过程中,中国始终秉持人类命运共同体理念,彰显负责任大国形象,为全球公共卫生事业作出了重要贡献。

 

The Chinese people have put up a tenacious fight against the virus. As a result, there is a growing sense throughout the country that the situation is improving. Throughout this fight, China has remained committed to the concept of a global community with a shared future, lived up to its responsibilities as a major country, and made substantial contributions to global public health undertakings.

 

中国为阻止疫情全球扩散展现了担当。中国站在抗击新冠肺炎疫情的第一线,我们不仅对中国人民负责,也为全球公共卫生事业尽责,通过采取最坚决、最彻底的措施,全力阻止新冠肺炎疫情在全球范围的蔓延。中国的医护和科研人员争分夺秒完善诊疗措施,不断提升治愈率、降低病亡率,用中国速度为全球作出防疫准备争取了宝贵时间,用中国力量撑起了控制疫情蔓延的坚固防线。联合国秘书长古特雷斯表示,中国为抗击新冠肺炎疫情并避免其蔓延付出了巨大牺牲,为全人类作出了贡献。世界卫生组织总干事谭德塞指出,中国强有力的举措既控制了疫情在中国境内扩散,也阻止了疫情向其他国家蔓延,不仅是在保护中国人民,也是在保护世界人民。

 

China’s efforts to curb the spread of the virus have demonstrated a strong sense of responsibility.

 

Standing at the forefront of the battle against the virus, China has not only fulfilled its responsibility to protect its own people, but also lived up to its commitments to safeguarding global public health by taking the most thorough and decisive measures to prevent the virus from spreading beyond its borders. Chinese medical workers and researchers have raced against time to improve diagnostic and treatment protocols in an effort to raise the cure rate and lower the case fatality rate. Through its rapid actions, China has bought precious time for the international community to get prepared, and through its forceful response, China has served as a strong line of defense against the spread of the virus. UN Secretary-General António Guterres stated that China has made huge sacrifices for all mankind in fighting against the novel coronavirus and containing its spread. WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus noted that China’s forceful actions have limited the spread of the virus both domestically and internationally, and have therefore protected not just the Chinese people, but people all over the world.

 

中国为携手应对全球挑战赢得了信任。中方从一开始就高度重视国际卫生合作,本着公开透明原则,及时向各方通报疫情信息,分享病毒基因序列,与世界卫生组织、周边和有关国家密切合作,邀请国际专家并肩工作。我们高度重视各国在华公民健康,协同各国驻华机构加强外国侨民信息通报和领事协助,信任、感动与加油成为外国在华人士的普遍心声。中国用实实在在的行动赢得了世界的普遍认同与赞赏,生动践行了构建人类命运共同体的庄严承诺。第74届联合国大会主席班迪表示,中国在防控疫情过程中展现出的领导力与透明度堪称典范。巴基斯坦总理伊姆兰·汗表示,整个世界都感谢并赞赏中方应对疫情的努力和成效,没有任何国家可以做得比中国更好。国际权威专业期刊指出,中国为国际科学界加入抗疫战斗铺平了道路,为科研合作的全球动员奠定了基础。国际社会普遍认为,中国人民为遏制疫情作出重大贡献,中方的防控工作不仅对本国人民生命健康高度负责,更是对全球疾病防控的大力支持。

 

China has earned trust for promoting a joint response to this global challenge.

 

Since the very beginning, China has attached great importance to international health cooperation. In the spirit of openness and transparency, China has provided timely updates on the epidemic to all parties, shared the virus’ genome sequence, worked closely with the WHO, neighboring countries, and other countries concerned, and invited international experts to join in the fight. Taking the health of foreign nationals in China seriously, we have worked in coordination with foreign missions to provide the latest information and consular assistance to the expatriate communities, which have expressed their trust in China, their gratitude toward China, and their support for China. Through concrete actions, China has won widespread approval and admiration from the world and demonstrated its firm commitment to developing a global community with a shared future. President of the 74th UN General Assembly Tijjani Muhammad-Bande commended China’s exemplary leadership and transparency in fighting the epidemic. Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan stressed that the whole world appreciates and commends China for the efforts it has made and the results it has achieved in the fight against the epidemic, and that no other country could have done better than China. A prestigious international journal pointed out that China has paved the way for the international scientific community to join the fight against the virus and laid the foundation for the mobilization of global cooperation on scientific research. The international community is in broad agreement that the Chinese people have contributed significantly to curbing the outbreak and that China’s response to the virus has not only demonstrated its responsibility for the health and safety of its own people, but also its vigorous support for the global fight against the disease.

 

中国为完善全球公共卫生治理树立了标杆。疫情是对中国治理体系和能力的大考,也是对全球治理体系和能力的检验。在疫情防控中,中国力量、中国效率、中国速度受到赞誉,中国治理的制度优势得到充分彰显。在党中央统一指挥、统一协调、统一调度下,我们第一时间成立联防联控工作机制,全国31个省区市启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应,全国各地数万名医护人员和大量医疗与生活物资迅速有序驰援湖北,生动展现了中国特色社会主义制度“集中力量办大事”的优势。国际舆论认为,中方行动速度之快、力度之大、范围之广世所罕见,展现出的领导能力、应对能力、组织动员能力、贯彻执行能力令人赞叹,为世界各国抗击疫情树立了典范,为国际社会应对传染病危机、推进全球公共卫生治理积累了有益经验,提供了重要借鉴。

 

China has set the benchmark for improvement of global public health governance.

 

This outbreak is a major test of China’s governance system and capacity, as well as the global governance system and capacity. China has been praised for its strength, speed, and efficiency in this fight, while the institutional advantages of China’s governance have been put on full display. Under the unified command and coordination of the CPC Central Committee, working mechanisms for joint prevention and control were set up as soon as the novel coronavirus struck; a level I public health emergency response was activated in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities; and tens of thousands of medical workers and massive amounts of medical supplies and daily necessities were rapidly delivered to Hubei from across the country. These are vivid examples of the institutional strengths of socialism with Chinese characteristics in pooling resources behind major undertakings. The international community shares the view that China has acted at speed, intensity, and scale rarely seen in the world, while China has impressed the world with its leadership, response, mobilization, and implementation capabilities. China has set an example for the rest of the world and accumulated effective experience for the international community in handling emergencies caused by infectious disease and advancing global public health governance.

 

III

 

人类文明史就是一场与疾病的抗争史。这次新冠肺炎疫情再次给国际社会带来深刻启示:在全球化时代,各国命运相连、休戚相关,构建人类命运共同体是人类社会发展进步的唯一正确方向。中国将以携手抗击疫情为契机,加强国际协调合作,共同呵护人类赖以居住的星球,共同建设荣损与共的地球村。

 

Throughout history, human civilization has battled against disease. This sudden strike of the novel coronavirus is yet another sobering reminder to the international community that in the age of globalization, the futures of countries are closely intertwined and building a global community with a shared future is the only correct path for us to follow. China will take the joint response to the pandemic as an opportunity to call for greater international coordination and cooperation in caring for our planet together and building a global village where we all have a stake in each other’s success. Guided by the vision of building a global community with a shared future, China will pursue the following goals.

 

我们将秉持人类命运共同体理念,积极开展抗疫国际和地区合作。战胜这场疫情不仅攸关中国人民的生命和健康,也关系到世界各国人民的安全和福祉。我们将按照党中央部署,围绕统筹推进新冠肺炎疫情防控和经济社会发展做好涉外工作,推动中外人员往来和各领域合作有序进行。我们将扩大抗疫双多边合作,继续同世卫组织保持良好沟通,探索开展跨国联防联控,加强卫生、检疫、交通、出入境等部门协调,及时分享疫情信息、防控措施和研究成果,加强抗病毒药物及疫苗联合研发。我们也将在全面有力防控本国疫情的同时,向其他出现疫情扩散的国家和地区提供力所能及的援助,发挥负责任大国作用。

 

First, we will actively engage in international and regional cooperation on responding to the pandemic.

 

Defeating COVID-19 is not only of crucial importance to the lives and health of the Chinese people, but also vital to the safety and wellbeing of people across the globe. Acting in accordance with the directions of the CPC Central Committee, we will effectively handle China’s external affairs by keeping in mind the need to promote both epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and advance China’s personnel exchanges and cooperation in all fields with other countries in an orderly manner. We will expand bilateral and multilateral cooperation against the pandemic, and keep up good communication with the WHO. We will develop and launch measures for transnational pandemic prevention and control by strengthening coordination between competent departments responsible for health, quarantine, transportation, and border control, promptly share pandemic updates, information about containment measures, and research findings, and intensify joint R&D of antiviral drugs and vaccines. While doing everything we can to control the disease at home, we will assist countries and regions experiencing a spread of infections as much as possible and live up to our role as a responsible major country.

 

我们将秉持人类命运共同体理念,深入参与全球公共卫生治理。公共卫生危机是人类面临的共同挑战。此次疫情暴露出全球公共卫生治理的短板,凸显了加强这一领域治理体系建设的紧迫性。中国将与国际社会团结应对全球公共卫生挑战。支持联合国及世卫组织在应对突发公共卫生事件、健全完善全球公共卫生治理机制中发挥核心作用。提升公共卫生问题在国际议程中的位置,推进健康领域重大国际合作项目,积极打造“健康丝绸之路”。

 

Second, we will thoroughly participate in global public health governance.

 

Public health emergencies are a common challenge faced by all countries. The COVID-19 has laid bare inadequacies in global public health governance and highlighted the urgent need to reinforce the governance system in this field. China is ready to work with the rest of the international community to address these challenges. We support the core role of the UN and WHO in responding to public health emergencies and in improving the global public health governance system. We will work to elevate the position of public health issues on the international agenda, implement major international collaborative health projects, and promote cooperation on health issues along the Silk Road corridor.

 

我们将秉持人类命运共同体理念,携手应对非传统安全挑战。我们身处一个传统安全与非传统安全问题相互交织的时代,包括重大传染性疾病在内的各种非传统安全问题对人类社会构成日益严峻的挑战。中国将积极践行共同、综合、合作、可持续的新安全观,致力于加强在非传统安全领域的对话与沟通,增进各方理解与互信,促进应对非传统安全威胁的国际合作进程,不断丰富构建人类命运共同体的内涵与实践。

 

Third, we will join the world in responding to non-traditional security challenges.

 

We live in an era in which traditional and non-traditional security issues are intertwined. Non-traditional security issues such as major communicable diseases pose an increasingly serious challenge to mankind as a whole. China will put its new concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security into practice, work to promote communication and dialogue on non-traditional security matters, and enhance understanding and trust between various parties, with a view to advancing international cooperation in response to non-traditional security threats. This will help make efforts to build a global community with a shared future more meaningful and practical.

 

志之所趋,一往无前。中国人民抗击疫情的斗争正处在最关键阶段,不少国家也日益面临疫情的威胁。中国绝不会临阵退缩,更不会独善其身。形势虽然严峻,但信心弥足珍贵;使命虽然艰巨,但希望就在前方。习近平总书记指出,中华民族历史上经历过很多磨难,但从来没有被压垮过,而是愈挫愈勇,不断在磨难中成长、从磨难中奋起。我们坚信,在习近平总书记亲自指挥下,在党中央坚强领导下,全党同志挺身在前,全国人民团结一心,就没有战胜不了的困难和挑战。让我们更加紧密团结在以习近平同志为核心的党中央周围,以更加昂扬的精神状态,更加自觉的使命担当,更加忘我的苦干实干,夺取抗击新冠肺炎疫情的最后胜利,为实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、推动构建人类命运共同体不懈奋斗!

 

Whatever we set our mind to, we must not rest until the job is done. Right now, the Chinese people are in the most critical stage of the fight against the outbreak, and some other countries are facing mounting threats from the virus. In this challenging time, China will not retreat or shut itself off. The situation may be severe, but it is vital that we remain confident, because even though our mission is arduous, there is hope on the horizon. Just as General Secretary Xi pointed out, although the Chinese nation has endured many trials and tribulations in its history, it has never been defeated. Instead, hardship and adversity have only made us emerge stronger and more resilient. We are confident that under the command of General Secretary Xi and the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, and with the entire Party fighting at the forefront and the whole nation standing united, we will triumph over any difficulties or challenges that come our way. With a higher morale and a stronger sense of duty, we will rally even closer around the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at its core, devote all our efforts to securing the final victory over the epidemic, and work tirelessly to realize the Two Centenary Goals and the vision of building a global community with a shared future!

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  • 版权声明 本文源自 求是网 整理 发表于 2020年3月2日13:29:01