The 19th CPC National Congress and China’s Major Country Diplomacy in the New Era
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was a meeting of great importance held at a decisive stage in China’s endeavor of becoming a moderately prosperous society and at a critical moment as socialism with Chinese characteristics entered a new era. It is also of epoch-making significance in the history of the development of both the Party and the country and the history of national rejuvenation. General Secretary Xi Jinping’s report delivered at the opening ceremony of the Congress gives a profound account of a range of major theoretical and practical issues China faced in upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, incorporating a broad view of both history and contemporary trends. On the basis of his account, he laid out an all-encompassing blueprint outlining strategic plans and pointing to a clear direction for both the Party and the country in their undertakings. This report, which systematically elaborates on the new circumstances, tasks, and requirements faced by China’s major country diplomacy in the new era, is a political program and a guide to action for our endeavors to advance China’s diplomacy at a new historical starting point. Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we must put the guiding principles of the Congress into practice and open up new prospects for China’s diplomacy, so as to create a sound external environment for the overall initiatives of the Party and the country and make due contributions to advancing the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
I. Historic achievements made in China’s diplomacy over the past five years
Since the 18th National Congress in 2012, the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at the core has promoted innovations in the theory and practice of China’s diplomacy with a focus on achieving the “Two Centenary Goals” and realizing the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. It has thus pushed China’s major country diplomacy to capture many historic and pioneering achievements.
Under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, China is posed to make great strides in its major country diplomacy. During the past five years, General Secretary Xi, with the foresight and courage of a great statesman and strategist, has formulated overall plans for China’s diplomatic initiatives and guided China’s diplomacy to forge ahead and exhibit Chinese character and style in a more confident and distinctive manner. Under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee led by Xi Jinping, we have and will continue to actively advocate the development of a community with a shared future for humanity, make further progress in China’s diplomacy on all fronts, jointly pursue the Belt and Road Initiative, and push for reform of the global governance system while resolutely safeguarding our national interests. This serves to foster a favorable external environment for China’s reform, development and stability, making great new contributions to global peace and development.
We have built a global network of partnerships, thus expanding the convergence of interests with other countries. During the past five years, with neighboring and major countries as the focus and on the basis of relations with other developing countries, we have engaged in overall planning, holistic management, and all-round efforts for promoting China’s diplomatic initiatives in multilateral arenas. On the basis of mutual respect, equality, and mutual benefit, China has established a range of partnerships with nearly 100 countries and regional organizations. This has expanded and deepened China’s opening up in all directions, across a broad range of fields, and on multiple-levels, and built a circle of friends across the world, thereby working to create a bright tomorrow with the people of all countries.
We have engaged in joint pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative, thus introducing new dimensions for China’s opening-up to the outside world. Over the past five years, we have continued to pursue a mutually beneficial strategy of opening up, thus forming a new layout of opening up propelled by the Belt and Road Initiative. The Belt and Road Initiative went from proposal to action and from idea to practice, rapidly developing into a platform for international cooperation characterized by openness and inclusiveness, and a widely welcomed global public good. At present, there are over 100 countries and international organizations that actively support and participate in this initiative. We successfully hosted the First Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in 2017 and further linked our development strategies with those of countries along the route, thus fostering a sound environment for achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration.
We have championed the development of a community with a shared future for humanity, thus encouraging the evolution of the global governance system. Over the past five years, we have made efforts to contribute Chinese wisdom toward improving global governance, promoting a more just and equitable direction for the international order and global governance system. We hosted a series of diplomatic events, including the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Beijing, the G20 2016 Summit in Hangzhou, and the BRICS Summit in Xiamen, participated in UN peacekeeping operations, and moved ahead with the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and other international development and cooperation agendas such as ones for tackling climate change, so as to boost the international community’s ability to respond to common challenges.
We have safeguarded China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests and protected our legitimate rights and interests abroad. Over the past five years, with a firm commitment to national sovereignty and security as the number one priority, we have resolutely safeguarded our sovereignty, territorial integrity, and maritime rights and interests. We have done this by drawing red lines on issues concerning China’s core interests, including those related to Taiwan and the South China Sea, and working to ensure that these lines are not crossed. This has served to not only greatly shake up the morale of the Party, the army, and the people, but also earn widespread respect from the international community. By upholding the principle of practicing “diplomacy for the people,” we have formed and improved a system for protecting the interests of Chinese nationals and enterprises abroad, providing effective protection for their legitimate rights and interests.
Over the past five years, we have kept in mind both our domestic and international imperatives, pressed ahead, worked to overcome a variety of difficulties, and continued to break new ground in advancing China’s major country diplomacy. China’s international standing has risen as never before. Its international influence, strength of appeal, and power to shape the environment have also been further enhanced. These achievements, more than anything else, are attributable to General Secretary Xi who acts as the navigator and helmsman of the entire Party, the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at the core, and the rational guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. These also provide a powerful driving force and the fundamental guarantee for ensuring that China’s diplomacy can stand firmly at the forefront, assume the international moral high ground, seize the strategic initiative in a changing world, and write new chapters in the annals of a new era.