Implementing the Guiding Principles of the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs and Breaking New Ground in Major-Country Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15193.html
At the end of December 2023, the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs was successfully held. General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important address at the conference, in which he presented a comprehensive review of the historic achievements and valuable experience of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era, gave a profound exposition on the international environment and historical mission of China’s external work on the new journey, and made comprehensive plans for China’s external work for the present and coming periods. The conference identified the theme of China’s external work as building a community with a shared future for mankind, set the noble goal pursued by China in conducting major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, and laid out the top-level plan for China’s diplomatic strategies on the new journey ahead. Practiced and developed over the first decade of the new era, Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy has increasingly demonstrated its extraordinary theoretical quality of keeping in sync with and leading the times, a testament that our Party’s understanding of China’s relations with the world has reached a new and higher level.文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15193.html
We must study and implement the guiding principles of the conference, follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for the New Era, especially Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, act with a stronger sense of historical responsibility and a more vibrant spirit of innovation to make new headway in our major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, and create a more favorable international environment and provide more solid strategic support for building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization.
A summary was made at the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs of the historic achievements of China’s external work in the new era. They include the following ten points: establishing and developing Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy; showcasing distinct Chinese characteristics, style and ethos in China’s diplomacy; advocating the building of a community with a shared future for mankind; creating a new model of diplomacy led by the strategic guidance of head-of-state diplomacy; fostering major-country dynamics featuring peaceful coexistence, overall stability and balanced development; forming a wide-ranging, high-quality global network of partnerships; advancing high-quality Belt and Road cooperation; effectively upholding China’s sovereignty, security and development interests; showing the way in reforming the international system and order; and strengthening the centralized, unified leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). To fully appreciate the extraordinary historical process of China’s diplomacy in the new era, the key is to understand the basic thread and underlying logic of these ten achievements in a multi-dimensional, systemic and interconnected manner.
First, Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy serves as the fundamental guideline. Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy is based on General Secretary Xi Jinping’s profound strategic thinking about changes of the world, of our times and of historical significance, and rooted in the great practice of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It is a shining example of applying the basic tenets of Marxism to the practice of China’s diplomacy and fine traditional Chinese culture. It has not only built on the proud diplomatic tradition of New China but also kept abreast of the times, broken new ground and opened up new vistas in China’s diplomatic theory and practice.
Second, head-of-state diplomacy offers strategic guidance. General Secretary Xi Jinping is the core of the CPC Central Committee and the entire CPC, and the top decision-maker and chief architect of our external work. As the highest form of China’s diplomacy, head-of-state diplomacy has played an important and irreplaceable role in major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era, achieving exemplary and landmark diplomatic results and fully reflecting China’s image as a confident, open and responsible major country. It is thanks to the great foresight and statesmanship of General Secretary Xi Jinping that China has been able to pursue its diplomacy against all odds amid the great transformation of the world, and to remain calm, confident and proactive in the context of a changing international landscape.
Third, building a community with a shared future for mankind stands as the bright banner. General Secretary Xi Jinping, with his broad strategic insight, extraordinary political wisdom and deep commitment to the world as the leader of a major party and a major country, has gained a deep understanding of the prevailing trends and laws governing the evolution of human society, ingeniously put forth the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, and charted the right course for the world at a historical inflection point. Building a community with a shared future for mankind is the core tenet of Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy. It reflects the high consistency of the CPC’s founding aspiration and mission with the trend of our times, and embodies the broadest common expectations of people around the globe for a better world. With tremendous theoretical value and far-reaching historical significance, this vision is gaining increasingly strong influence, vitality and appeal.
Fourth, CPC leadership provides the fundamental safeguard. CPC leadership is our greatest political strength and the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is also the most fundamental principle and greatest source of strength for China’s diplomacy. Since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, three Central Conferences on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs and one symposium on neighborhood diplomacy have been convened; the system and mechanisms for the leadership by the CPC Central Committee over the external work have been improved; and the Law on Foreign Relations and the guidelines on the CPC’s leadership over foreign affairs have been promulgated. All this has ensured greater coordination among various departments under the unified stewardship of the CPC central leadership, thereby providing strong political and organizational safeguards for China’s diplomacy in the new era.
Major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era builds on and carries forward New China’s diplomacy. Withstanding high winds and choppy waters and overcoming various difficulties and challenges, we have, in our external work, provided strong leadership in the development of the world, shaped our country’s external environment profoundly and gained much more strategic autonomy and initiative in our diplomacy. China has become a responsible major country with enhanced international influence, stronger capacity to steer new endeavors and greater moral appeal.
On the basis of reviewing the historic achievements of China’s diplomacy in the new era, “six imperatives” has been identified at the Conference as new experience and understanding of the external work, i.e. it is imperative to uphold principles, shoulder China’s responsibility as a major country, apply systems thinking, uphold fundamental principles and break new ground, carry forward our fighting spirit, and leverage our institutional strengths.
On major issues of right and wrong, it is imperative to uphold principles. China is a socialist country led by the CPC. We should take a clear position by standing on the progressive side of history and on the side of fairness and justice, work actively to meet the common aspirations and legitimate concerns of people of all countries, and demonstrate the people-centeredness of the CPC and the commitment to serving the people in China’s foreign policy. This way, we will always rally abundant support for the just cause, hold the high ground of justice and have strategic initiative.
On promoting peaceful development, it is imperative to shoulder China’s responsibility as a major country. It is incumbent on China, the biggest developing country and a major country, to uphold justice in a world undergoing profound changes and turbulence and to shoulder responsibility at critical moments, and hence be a firm defender of world peace and champion of global development. At the same time, and through Chinese modernization, we are ready to be helpful in the efforts of other developing countries that want to achieve development while preserving their independence, so that all countries will be able to embark on the right path toward modernization through peaceful development.
On making strategies and policies, it is imperative to apply systems thinking. The CPC, a Marxist party armed with theories of dialectical and historical materialism, should know how to analyze, study and assess international situation with the understanding that things are universally connected and constantly evolving. We should be able to see the present from a historical perspective and look beyond the surface to get to the crux of issues, so as to discern and analyze accurately the laws and direction of the profoundly changing world, and make sound foreign policies.
On making progress in both theories and practices, it is imperative to uphold fundamental principles and break new ground. In our external work, we should not only carry forward the fine traditions but also blaze new ground. We need to draw on past achievements in steering new endeavors which, in turn, consolidate the progress we have made. Over the years, China’s diplomatic work has withstood numerous tests, accomplished no small number of key and major tasks, and made a series of significant breakthroughs. Facts have proven that it is the outstanding character and defining feature of China’s diplomacy to advance with the times and break new ground while upholding fundamental principles.
On addressing risks and challenges, it is imperative to carry forward our fighting spirit. The CPC has never been deterred by intimidation, swayed by fallacies, or cowed by pressure. Only with the courage and ability to carry on our fight, can we overcome various difficulties and obstacles. Going forward, we will face an even more severe international situation and more complex external environment. We must forge ahead with an indomitable spirit and tenacious efforts to open up new horizons in our external work.
On strengthening coordination, it is imperative to leverage our institutional strengths. The greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the CPC. By upholding and strengthening the centralized, unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over the external work, we will be able to ensure smoother coordination and collaboration among all regions and all departments, advance and implement major strategic plans more forcefully, and achieve even greater success in China’s diplomacy.
The “six imperatives” captures succinctly the new developments and practices of Chinese diplomacy in the last five years. It is a thorough account of our basic experience in conducting major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics in the new era, further enriching and developing Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy. Having been tested repeatedly in practice, the “six imperatives” demonstrates the political, theoretical and institutional strengths of the CPC, and reflects the CPC’s inherent internationalist vision and its historic mission of pursuing world harmony. It is an invaluable asset that we must hold dear and an important guide for our external work on the new journey ahead.
The Conference reached important conclusions on the strategic environment for China’s future development. It was pointed out that great transformation is accelerating across the world. Changes of the world, of our times, and of historical significance are unfolding like never before, and the world has entered a new period of turbulence and transformation. Yet the overall direction of human development and progress will not change, the overall dynamics of world history moving forward amid twists and turns will not change, and the overall trend toward a shared future for the international community will not change. We must have full confidence in these trends of historical impact. These important conclusions are based on in-depth analyses of the major changes in the international balance of power, of the transformation and reshaping of the international system and order, and of the interplay between different concepts and ideas on a global scale. They provide important guidance for our understanding of the international situation.
Going forward, China faces new strategic opportunities in its development. On the new journey, major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics will enter a new stage where much more can be accomplished. We must not be complacent about our past achievements, or be intimidated by the high winds and choppy waters in the external environment. Instead, we must keep our eyes on realizing Chinese modernization, forge ahead with great enterprise and write a new chapter in the history of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. We must focus on the central task of the CPC and the country, seek progress while maintaining stability, break new ground while upholding fundamental principles, and firmly safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and development interests. We will explore new frontiers in China’s diplomatic theory and practice, foster new dynamics in the relations between China and the world, and raise China’s international influence, appeal and ability to shape events to a new level.
At the same time, we must always remember that China remains a developing country, and faces arduous tasks regarding reform, development and stability. In conducting diplomacy, we must stay committed to our political character, focus on our central tasks and serve the overall national interests. We must keep enhancing our capabilities for strategic thinking, operational planning and emergency response, with a view to creating a more favorable international environment for building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization.