Message from Ms. Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on the Occasion of World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/11587.html
17 June 2021文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/11587.html
Drought, climate change, biodiversity erosion, land degradation, intensive farming practices and poor water management, inter alia, have adversely affected our lands to the point of causing today’s global desertification crisis, which affects more than 165 countries worldwide.文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/11587.html
This phenomenon has a dramatic impact on our common environmental heritage, and poses a considerable threat to the health of communities, global peace and sustainable development.
Desertification and drought, which are a degradation of environmental health, contribute to the collapse of biodiversity and favour the appearance of zoonoses. This is yet another reminder that human health and the health of our environment are deeply intertwined.
As stated in the Global Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), launched on 6 May 2019 at UNESCO, there is now an urgent need to take collective action to preserve the living fabric of our planet - and thus, in particular, to combat these phenomena.
Desertification and drought also increase water scarcity, at a time when two billion people still lack access to safe drinking water – and over three billion may have to confront a similar situation by 2050.
The world’s most vulnerable communities do not have their essential water needs met, sometimes causing them to migrate from lands that have become dry and barren. According to the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, 135 million people are likely to migrate worldwide by 2030 as a result of the deterioration of lands.
These migrations and deprivations are in turn a source of conflict and instability, demonstrating that desertification is also a fundamental challenge to peace.
Every year, on June 17, we celebrate World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought to raise public awareness of international efforts to stop land degradation.
UNESCO has been at the forefront of this collective endeavour, drawing on its scientific expertise and deploying its water and environment programmes.
In particular, this means observing, measuring and understanding, to make public policies fit for purpose, and effective. In order to consider these phenomena as a whole, UNESCO is setting up systems for measuring and monitoring hazards, such as common indicators or local monitoring and warning systems, as well as focusing on vulnerabilities, particularly socio-economic ones, as we are not all equal in the face of this risk.
Working together is crucial. No sustainable progress can be achieved without the participation of all stakeholders: public authorities, businesses, scientists, associations and citizens, especially the youngest.
Together, let us build a sustainable future so that the fertile lands of the past do not become deserts emptied of their populations and their biodiversity.