Speech at a National Conference to Review the Fight against Poverty and Commend Individuals and Groups Involved文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/11060.html
February 25, 2021文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/11060.html
Comrades and Friends,
Today, we hold this momentous conference to solemnly declare that through the combined efforts of the whole Party and the entire nation, China has secured a complete victory in its fight against poverty in this important year with the centennial of the Communist Party of China (CPC) fast approaching.
All of the 98.99 million rural residents, 832 counties, and 128,000 villages that fell below the current poverty line have now been lifted out of poverty. Regional poverty has been eliminated on the whole, and the arduous task of eradicating absolute poverty has been completed, representing yet another miraculous achievement. This is a great and glorious accomplishment for the Chinese people, for the CPC, and for the Chinese nation!
Here, on behalf of the CPC Central Committee, I would like to extend my warm congratulations to the exemplary individuals and groups who have been honored. I would also like to offer my highest regards to all those who have contributed to the fight against poverty, including Party, government, and military bodies at all levels, enterprises and public institutions, community organizations, Party members, officials, and members of the public in rural areas, first secretaries and members of work teams stationed in villages, volunteers, other political parties, federations of industry and commerce, and public figures without party affiliation, people’s groups, and people from all sectors of society. Finally, I would like to express heartfelt gratitude to our compatriots in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, and Taiwan as well as those overseas who actively supported and participated in the fight against poverty, and to foreign governments, international organizations, and friends from all over the world who have shown concern and support for China’s poverty alleviation efforts.
Comrades and Friends,
Poverty is a problem that has persistently plagued humanity. Throughout history, combatting this problem has remained an important issue in governance for nations around the world. The history of China is a chronicle of the Chinese people’s struggle against poverty. A deep longing to see the people free of poverty and well fed and clothed has been expressed by great historical figures, from Qu Yuan, a poet and politician of the Warring States period, who lamented, “Long did I sigh to hold back tears; saddened I am by the grief of my people,” to Du Fu, another poet of the Tang dynasty, who wrote forlornly, “If only I could build a house with millions upon millions of rooms, I would bring all the poor people of the earth under its roof and bring smiles to their faces,” to Sun Yat-sen, who yearned to see “every family living in plenty, with not a single person left behind.” After the dawn of the modern age, China suffered from political upheaval and incessant conflict due to the decadence of feudal rule and the aggression of Western powers. With no means of livelihood, the Chinese people were tormented even more severely by the nightmare of poverty. Escaping poverty thus became the dream that the Chinese people tirelessly pursued, as well as an important part of realizing the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.
Since the very day of its founding, the CPC has pursued its mission of seeking happiness for the people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation with steadfast commitment, uniting and leading the Chinese people in a long and arduous struggle to create a better life for themselves.
During the new democratic revolution, the CPC united and led the peasants in overthrowing local tyrants and dividing up the land, put into effect the policy of “land to the tiller,” and helped liberate people living in destitution, thus winning broad support from the vast majority of the people, capturing victory in the Chinese revolution, and ultimately founding the People’s Republic of China (PRC). This set the stage politically for eradicating poverty in China.
After the founding of the PRC, the CPC united and led the people in completing the socialist revolution, establishing socialism as the country’s fundamental system, and advancing the development of socialism. The CPC mobilized the people to be self-reliant and work hard in an effort to put the country in order and make it strong. This laid solid foundations for shaking off poverty and improving the lives of the people.
After the launch of reform and opening up, the CPC united and led the people in carrying out well-conceived and well-organized initiatives for development-driven poverty alleviation on a massive scale, and devoted its focus to releasing and developing productive forces and to ensuring and improving public wellbeing, securing great and unprecedented achievements in the process.
Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the CPC Central Committee has made it clear that the most arduous tasks associated with the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects are those in rural areas, particularly impoverished rural areas, and that this goal cannot be completed if these areas have not reached moderate prosperity. The Central Committee has also emphasized that poverty is not socialism, and that if impoverished areas had remained poor and unchanged over the long term with no noticeable improvement of living standards, then China’s socialist system would have no strengths to speak of. This, too, would be contrary to socialism, and therefore it was crucial to waste no time getting to work in the fight against poverty.
At the end of 2012, not long after the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the Central Committee highlighted that, “The yardstick for moderate prosperity lies with rural areas, and particularly whether or not those that are poor are able to exit poverty,” pledging that not a single poverty-stricken area or individual would be left behind. This kicked off the prelude to the fight against poverty in the new era.
In 2013, the Central Committee introduced the concept of targeted poverty alleviation, and created new working mechanisms for poverty alleviation.
At the Central Poverty Alleviation and Development Work Conference in 2015, overall requirements were put forward for fulfilling the objectives of the fight against poverty. The conference put standards into effect for ensuring precision in six areas, namely identifying target groups, carefully planning projects, making good use of funds, following through with measures on a household-by-household basis, assigning first secretaries in consideration of local needs, and setting clear objectives, and launched five key measures through which people would be lifted out of poverty, namely increased production, relocation, ecological compensation, education, and social assistance for basic needs, This sounded a general offensive for winning the fight against poverty.
At the 19th National Congress of the CPC in 2017, a comprehensive plan was made for targeted poverty alleviation as one of the three critical battles. Setting its sights on the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, the CPC focused its efforts on breaking through the last strongholds of extreme poverty and securing a decisive victory in this fight.
In 2020, the Central Committee called on the whole Party and the entire nation to work with even greater determination and intensity in order to effectively meet the additional challenges posed by Covid-19 and severe flooding while launching the closing battle of the fight against poverty, and to march with full confidence toward the final victory.
Over the past eight years, the Central Committee has made the fight against poverty a top priority in national governance and a fundamental task in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and mobilized a mighty people’s war for this purpose. With determination, endurance, and the courage to take on tough challenges, the Party and the people have freed one stronghold after another from the grips of poverty, thus scoring great and historic success.
– The entire rural poor population has been lifted out of poverty, a key contribution toward the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, an average of more than 10 million people have been lifted out of poverty each year, equivalent to the population of a medium-sized country. Poor people have seen their incomes grow by a significant margin, while their basic food and clothing needs have been guaranteed and their access to compulsory education, basic medical care, and safe housing and drinking water has been ensured. More than 20 million poor people with health issues have received appropriate treatment, and families that were once haunted by the specter of serious illness now have a new lease on life. Nearly 20 million impoverished people have received subsistence allowances or assistance and support for extreme poverty, and more than 24 million people with disabilities facing financial difficulties and people with severe disabilities have received living or nursing subsidies. More than 1.1 million impoverished people have become forest wardens, earning compensation for protecting the environment.
Whether on the snowy plateau, in the Gobi Desert, or among the cliffs and mountains, the light of poverty eradication has touched every corner of the country, helping countless people change their lives, realize their dreams, and find happiness.
– Areas that have been the target of poverty alleviation efforts have caught up in great strides in terms of economic and social development, and undergone dramatic and historic changes on the whole.
In impoverished areas, the pace of development has sped up significantly, economic strength has consistently grown, and infrastructure has developed by leaps and bounds. Meanwhile, great progress has been made with social programs, and problems that have historically made it hard for people in these areas to get around, attend school, receive medical attention, access safe drinking water and electricity, and communicate with the world have finally been resolved. The phenomenon of students from registered poor families dropping out of school in the compulsory stage has also been eliminated through ongoing efforts.
Where conditions permit, all towns, townships, and villages have been connected to paved roads as well as buses and postal services. An additional 1.1 million kilometers of rural roads have been built or upgraded, and 35,000 kilometers of new rail lines have been built. Reliability of rural power grids in impoverished areas has reached 99 percent, while 100 percent of poor villages on major grids are now connected to three-phase power. Moreover, the proportion of poor villages with both fiber optics and 4G connections has surpassed 98 percent.
Unsafe housing occupied by 7.9 million households, or a total of 25.68 million poor people, has been renovated,35,000 centralized communities and 2.66 million units of housing for resettlement have been built, and more than 9.6 million people have emerged from poor, isolated, and backward places and moved into new homes.
Many country folk have bid farewell to rope crossings as the rift valleys have become thoroughfares; bid farewell to bitter and salty water as they now have clean water to drink; and bid farewell to houses built with mud and straw that were exposed to the elements as they have moved into bright and spacious new homes built with brick and tile.
Millions of children from poor families have been granted more equitable educational opportunities, and no longer have to endure daily treks to class now that they can board at school.
The 28 ethnic groups with smaller populations have been entirely lifted out of poverty. Some of these ethnic groups that skipped ahead a thousand years after the founding of the PRC by directly transitioning from primitive society to socialist society have now made a second historic leap from poverty and backwardness to all-around moderate prosperity. All of the last strongholds of poverty in deeply impoverished areas have been breached, and in the areas that have exited poverty, beauty and change can be seen everywhere one goes.
– People who have shaken off poverty have taken on a fresh outlook, and acquired the confidence and courage to depend on themselves.
The fight against poverty has yielded abundant results both in the material sense and the psychological sense. Those who have been lifted out of poverty have been invigorated with the drive to keep pushing forward, while core socialist values and healthy practices for a civil society have been widely promoted and spread. The desire to do hard, solid work and build a happier life with one’s own two hands has become commonplace in poverty-stricken areas.
Party Secretary Mao Xianglin of Xiazhuang Village in Wushan County, Chongqing led the locals in a seven-year effort to carve a path along the village’s precipitous cliffs to the outside world. He said, “It felt gratifying to widen and lengthen the mountain path inch by inch and foot by foot. Even if our generation has to endure poverty and hardship for another decade, we are resolved to ensure that the next generation lives a better life.”
Zhang Shundong, a disabled yet determined villager from Pingzi Village in Dongchuan District, Kunming, Yunnan Province, said, “Though we are impaired physically, we are not impaired in spirit. We still have brains to think and hands to Work.”
The mental outlook of poor people has been enriched and elevated in the fight against poverty. Now with firmer confidence, keener minds, and greater ambition, they have truly transformed inside and out.
– The relationships between the Party and the public and between officials and the public have improved significantly, consolidating the foundations of the CPC’s governance in rural areas.
Heeding the call of the Central Committee, Party members and CPC organizations at all levels have spared no effort to accomplish their mission, and taken action to make good on their promises. In the fight against poverty, which has been no less of a battle despite the lack of gun smoke, they have devoted painstaking effort and made great accomplishments.
Poverty alleviation officials have worked for others at the expense of their own families, and formed bonds of friendship and cooperation with the impoverished people they have served. They have worked tirelessly and put in extra hours all year round, endured the strain and fatigue of their posts, and stepped up at crucial moments to face challenges head-on, touching countless families in areas across the country through their effort and devotion. They have made their way to the highest mountains, trekked the most perilous roads, visited the most remote villages, and stayed with the poorest families. Wherever the need was greatest is where they could be found, hard at work.
Here I would like to quote two village officials:
“As long as I am still standing, I will always work for the people of this village. I will see the people of our village live a better life.”
“As a CPC member, I must lead the people in weeding out the roots of poverty.”
Primary-level Party organizations have fully exerted their key role. In their efforts to strengthen the CPC and promote poverty eradication, they have improved themselves, becoming stronger and more cohesive and significantly enhancing their capacity for community-level governance. Members of the public in poverty-stricken areas have listened to the Party, felt its favor, and followed its lead. Here are a few quotes from them:
“With Party members taking the lead and us following suit, there is hope that poverty will be eliminated.”
“We love to hang the national flag, because there is no better symbol of good fortune.”
“Just as he who drinks the water cannot forget he who digs the well, we cannot forget the Party for helping us escape poverty.”
All this is evidence that the relationships between the Party and the public and between officials and the public have been greatly strengthened and developed.
– China has set an example and made significant contributions to the cause of global poverty reduction.
Casting off poverty has always been a prominent and perplexing issue in global development and governance. Since the launch of reform and opening up in the late 1970s, China has lifted 770 million rural poor out of poverty according to current standards, and contributed to more than 70 percent of global poverty reduction during this period according to the World Bank’s international poverty line.
It should be highlighted that even with global poverty remaining severe and polarization between rich and poor increasing in certain countries, China has achieved the poverty reduction target of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 10 years ahead of schedule, winning wide acclaim from the international community. We have actively conducted international cooperation on poverty reduction, fulfilled our international obligations in this regard, provided other developing countries with all possible assistance, and acted as a champion for the cause of global poverty reduction.
No other country throughout history has been able to lift hundreds of millions out of poverty in such a short period of time. This achievement is China’s, but it also belongs to the world, and has contributed Chinese strength to the development of a human community with a shared future.
Over the past eight years, I have presided over seven central conferences on poverty alleviation, carried out more than 50 inspection tours on poverty alleviation work, and visited 14 regions where extreme poverty is concentrated in contiguous areas. In the process, I have strived to understand the real picture of poverty, and to get a sense of how poverty alleviation measures are being carried out and providing tangible assistance to the people who really need it. I have spoken face to face with poor people about their lives down to the minute details, and felt the tremendous changes brought about by the fight against poverty first hand. In places across the country, I have seen people who have escaped poverty smiling from the heart. These smiles are the greatest affirmation of the fight against poverty, the best possible reward for the dedicated work of Party members and officials, and the ultimate tribute to the revolutionaries and martyrs that came before us.