诗歌翻译:王维·《鹿柴》

    摘要

    The Deer Enclosure

    王维《鹿柴》英语翻译

    鹿柴

    王维

     

    空山不见人,但闻人语响。

    返景入深林,复照青苔上。

     

    The Form of the Deer

    Wang Wei

     

    So lone seem the hills; there is no one in sight there.

    But whence is the echo of voices I hear?

    The rays of the sunset pierce slanting the forest,

    And in their reflection green mosses appear.

     

    (W. J. B. Fletcher 译)

     

    Deer-Park Hermitage

    Wang Wei

     

    There seems to be one on the empty mountain…

    And yet I think I hear a voice,

    Where sunlight, entering a grove,

    Shines back to me from the green moss.

     

    (Witter Bynner & Kiang Kang-hu 译)

     

    The Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    An empty hill, and no one in sight

    But I hear the echo of voices.

    The slanting sun at evening penetrates the deep woods

    And shines reflected on the blue lichens.

     

    (Soame Jenyns 译)

     

    Deer Forest Hermitage

    Wang Wei

     

    Through the deep wood, the slanting sunlight

    Casts motley patterns on the jade-green mosses.

    No glimpse of man in the lonely mountain,

    Yet faint voices drift on the air.

     

    (Chang Yin-nan & Lewis C. Walmsley 译)

     

    The Hill

    Wang Wei

     

    No one can be seen on this silent hill,

    But one may hear distant voices.

    The rays of the sun filter through the deep foliage

    And fall refreshingly on the mosses.

     

    (Arthur Christy 译)

     

    The Deer Enclosure

    Wang Wei

     

    On the lonely mountain

    I meet no one,

    I hear only the echo

    of human voices.

    At an angle the sun’s rays

    enter the depths of the wood,

    And shine

    upon the green moss.

     

    (C. J. Chen & Michael Bullock 译)

     

    Deep in the Mountain Wilderness

    Wang Wei

     

    Deep in the mountain wilderness

    Where nobody ever comes

    Only once in a great while

    Something like the sound of a far-off voice,

    The low rays of the sun

    Slip through the dark forest,

    And gleam again on the shadowy moss.

     

    (Kenneth Rexroth 译)

     

    Deer Fence

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty hills, on one in sight,

    only the sound of someone talking;

    late sunlight enters the deep wood,

    shining over the green moss again.

     

    (Burton Watson 译)

     

    Deer Enclosure

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty mountain: no man is seen,

    But voices of men are heard.

    Sun’s reflection reaches into the woods

    And shines upon the green moss.

     

    (Wai-lim Yip 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Hills empty, no one to be seen

    We hear only voices echoed –

    With light coming back into the deep wood

    The top of the green moss is lit again.

     

    (G. W. Robinson 译)

     

    Li Ch’ai

    Wang Wei

     

    In empty mountains no one can be seen.

    But here might echoing voices cross.

    Reflecting rays

    entering the deep wood

    Glitter again

    on the dark green moss.

     

    (William McNaughton 译)

     

    The Deep Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Not the shadow on a man on the deserted hill –

    And yet one hears voices speaking;

    Deep in the seclusion of the woods,

    Stray shafts of the sun pick out the green moss.

     

    (H. C. Chang 译)

     

    Deer Wattle (Hermitage)

    Wang Wei

     

    The empty mountain: to see no men,

    Barely earminded of men talking – countertones

    And antistrophic lights-and-shadows incoming deeper the deep-treed grove

    Once more to glowlight the blue-green mosses – going up

    (The empty mountain…)

     

    (Peter A. Boodberg 译)

     

    Deer enclosure

    Wang Wei

     

    On the empty mountain there is no one to be seen;

    You only hear the echo of people talking.

    The sun’s returning rays enter the deep woods

    And shine again on the dark green moss.

     

    (Peter Harris 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Nobody in sight on the empty mountain

    but human voices are heard far off.

    Low sun slips deep in the forest

    and lights the green hanging moss.

     

    (Tony Barnstone, Willis Barnstone & Xu Haixin 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty hills, no man in sight –

    Just echoes of the voices of men.

    In the deep wood reflected light

    Shines on the blue-green moss again.

     

    (Vikram Seth 译)

     

    Deer Enclosure

    Wang Wei

     

    On the empty mountain, seeing no one,

    Only hearing the echoes of someone’s voice;

    Returning light enters the deep forest,

    Again shining upon the green moss.

     

    (Richard W. Bodman & Victor Mair 译)

     

    Deer Fence

    Wang Wei

     

    No one is seen in deserted hills,

    only the echoes of speech are heard.

    Sunlight cast back comes deep in the woods

    and shines once again upon the green moss.

     

    (Stephen Owen 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    No sign of men on the empty mountain,

    only faint echoes from below.

     

    Refracted light enters the forest,

    shining through green moss above.

     

    (Sam Hamill 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    The mountain is empty, no man can be seen.

    but the echo of human sounds is heard.

    Returning sunlight, entering the deep forest,

    Shines again on green moss, above.

     

    (Arthur Sze 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    No one seen. In empty mountains,

    hints of drifting voice, no more.

     

    Entering these deep woods, late sun-

    light ablaze on green moss, rising.

     

    (David Hinton 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    No one seen. Among empty mountains,

    hints of drifting voice, faint, no more.

     

    Entering these deep woods, late sunlight

    flares green moss again, and rises.

     

    (David Hinton 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty mountain, none to be seen.

    Listen close and all you’ll hear’s

    the birdsong sound of human language.

    Sun’s come into this deep grove,

    Beginning, it writes on gray-green lichen, upon stone.

     

    (J. P. Seaton 译)

     

    Deer Fence

    Wang Wei

     

    In the empty mountains

    I see no one,

    But hear the sound

    Of someone’s voice.

     

    Slanting, sunlight

    Enters deep forest,

    And shines again

    On green moss.

     

    (Greg Whincup 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    On an empty hill alone am I,

    With just echoes of human sounds deflected.

    In the deep forest, from the sky,

    On green mosses shines light reflected.

     

    (Kwan-Hung Chan 译)

     

    Deer Park

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty mountain, on one is seen,

    Only the echo of human voices is heard.

    Returning light enters the deep grove,

    And again shines on the green moss.

     

    (Marsha L. Wagner 译)

     

    Deer Fence

    Wang Wei

     

    In the empty hills I see no one;

    I only hear the echo of people speaking.

    Returning light enters the deep wood

    And shines again upon the green moss.

     

    (Paul Rouzer 译)

     

    On the empty mountains no one can be seen,

    But human voices are heart to rebound.

    The reflected sunlight pierces the deep forest

    And falls again upon the mossy ground.

     

    (James J. Y. Liu 译)

     

    Deer Camp

    Wang Wei

     

    Empty mountains:

    no one to be seen.

    Yet – hear –

    human sounds and echoes.

    Returning sunlight

    enters the dark woods;

    Again shining

    on the green moss, above.

     

    (Gary Snyder 译)

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