双语:中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法

摘要

Full Text: The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法全文英语版

中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法

The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

 

目录

Contents

 

第一章  总则

Chapter I  General Principles

 

第二章  香港特别行政区维护国家安全的职责和机构

Chapter II  The Duties and the Government Bodies of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for Safeguarding National Security

 

第一节  职责

Part 1  Duties

 

第二节  机构

Part 2  Government Bodies

 

第三章  罪行和处罚

Chapter III  Offences and Penalties

 

第一节  分裂国家罪

Part 1  Secession

 

第二节  颠覆国家政权罪

Part 2  Subversion

 

第三节  恐怖活动罪

Part 3  Terrorist Activities

 

第四节  勾结外国或者境外势力危害国家安全罪

Part 4  Collusion with a Foreign Country or with External Elements to Endanger National Security

 

第五节  其他处罚规定

Part 5  Other Provisions on Penalty

 

第六节  效力范围

Part 6  Scope of Application

 

第四章  案件管辖、法律适用和程序

Chapter IV  Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Procedure

 

第五章  中央人民政府驻香港特别行政区维护国家安全机构

Chapter V  Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

 

第六章  附则

Chapter VI  Supplementary Provisions

 

第一章  总则

Chapter I  General Principles

 

第一条  为坚定不移并全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、高度自治的方针,维护国家安全,防范、制止和惩治与香港特别行政区有关的分裂国家、颠覆国家政权、组织实施恐怖活动和勾结外国或者境外势力危害国家安全等犯罪,保持香港特别行政区的繁荣和稳定,保障香港特别行政区居民的合法权益,根据中华人民共和国宪法、中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法和全国人民代表大会关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定,制定本法。

 

Article 1  This Law is enacted, in accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and the Decision of the National People’s Congress on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, for the purpose of:

 

  • ensuring the resolute, full and faithful implementation of the policy of One Country, Two Systems under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy;

 

  • safeguarding national security;

 

  • preventing, suppressing and imposing punishment for the offences of secession, subversion, organisation and perpetration of terrorist activities, and collusion with a foreign country or with external elements to endanger national security in relation to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region;

 

  • maintaining prosperity and stability of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; and

 

  • protecting the lawful rights and interests of the residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

第二条  关于香港特别行政区法律地位的香港特别行政区基本法第一条和第十二条规定是香港特别行政区基本法的根本性条款。香港特别行政区任何机构、组织和个人行使权利和自由,不得违背香港特别行政区基本法第一条和第十二条的规定。

 

Article 2  The provisions in Articles 1 and 12 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on the legal status of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region are the fundamental provisions in the Basic Law. No institution, organisation or individual in the Region shall contravene these provisions in exercising their rights and freedoms.

 

第三条  中央人民政府对香港特别行政区有关的国家安全事务负有根本责任。

 

Article 3  The Central People’s Government has an overarching responsibility for national security affairs relating to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

香港特别行政区负有维护国家安全的宪制责任,应当履行维护国家安全的职责。

 

It is the duty of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region under the Constitution to safeguard national security and the Region shall perform the duty accordingly.

 

香港特别行政区行政机关、立法机关、司法机关应当依据本法和其他有关法律规定有效防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全的行为和活动。

 

The executive authorities, legislature and judiciary of the Region shall effectively prevent, suppress and impose punishment for any act or activity endangering national security in accordance with this Law and other relevant laws.

 

第四条  香港特别行政区维护国家安全应当尊重和保障人权,依法保护香港特别行政区居民根据香港特别行政区基本法和《公民权利和政治权利国际公约》、《经济、社会与文化权利的国际公约》适用于香港的有关规定享有的包括言论、新闻、出版的自由,结社、集会、游行、示威的自由在内的权利和自由。

 

Article 4  Human rights shall be respected and protected in safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The rights and freedoms, including the freedoms of speech, of the press, of publication, of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration, which the residents of the Region enjoy under the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as applied to Hong Kong, shall be protected in accordance with the law.

 

第五条  防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全犯罪,应当坚持法治原则。法律规定为犯罪行为的,依照法律定罪处刑;法律没有规定为犯罪行为的,不得定罪处刑。

 

Article 5  The principle of the rule of law shall be adhered to in preventing, suppressing, and imposing punishment for offences endangering national security. A person who commits an act which constitutes an offence under the law shall be convicted and punished in accordance with the law. No one shall be convicted and punished for an act which does not constitute an offence under the law.

 

任何人未经司法机关判罪之前均假定无罪。保障犯罪嫌疑人、被告人和其他诉讼参与人依法享有的辩护权和其他诉讼权利。任何人已经司法程序被最终确定有罪或者宣告无罪的,不得就同一行为再予审判或者惩罚。

 

A person is presumed innocent until convicted by a judicial body. The right to defend himself or herself and other rights in judicial proceedings that a criminal suspect, defendant, and other parties in judicial proceedings are entitled to under the law shall be protected. No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again for an offence for which he or she has already been finally convicted or acquitted in judicial proceedings.

 

第六条  维护国家主权、统一和领土完整是包括香港同胞在内的全中国人民的共同义务。

 

Article 6  It is the common responsibility of all the people of China, including the people of Hong Kong, to safeguard the sovereignty, unification and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China.

 

在香港特别行政区的任何机构、组织和个人都应当遵守本法和香港特别行政区有关维护国家安全的其他法律,不得从事危害国家安全的行为和活动。

 

Any institution, organisation or individual in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall abide by this Law and the laws of the Region in relation to the safeguarding of national security, and shall not engage in any act or activity which endangers national security.

 

香港特别行政区居民在参选或者就任公职时应当依法签署文件确认或者宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区。

 

A resident of the Region who stands for election or assumes public office shall confirm in writing or take an oath to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China in accordance with the law.

 

第二章  香港特别行政区维护国家安全的职责和机构

Chapter II  The Duties and the Government Bodies of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for Safeguarding National Security

 

第一节  职责

Part 1  Duties

 

第七条  香港特别行政区应当尽早完成香港特别行政区基本法规定的维护国家安全立法,完善相关法律。

 

Article 7  The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall complete, as early as possible, legislation for safeguarding national security as stipulated in the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall refine relevant laws.

 

第八条 香港特别行政区执法、司法机关应当切实执行本法和香港特别行政区现行法律有关防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全行为和活动的规定,有效维护国家安全。

 

Article 8  In order to safeguard national security effectively, the law enforcement and judicial authorities of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall fully enforce this Law and the laws in force in the Region concerning the prevention of, suppression of, and imposition of punishment for acts and activities endangering national security.

 

第九条 香港特别行政区应当加强维护国家安全和防范恐怖活动的工作。对学校、社会团体、媒体、网络等涉及国家安全的事宜,香港特别行政区政府应当采取必要措施,加强宣传、指导、监督和管理。

 

Article 9  The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall strengthen its work on safeguarding national security and prevention of terrorist activities. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall take necessary measures to strengthen public communication, guidance, supervision and regulation over matters concerning national security, including those relating to schools, universities, social organisations, the media, and the internet.

 

第十条  香港特别行政区应当通过学校、社会团体、媒体、网络等开展国家安全教育,提高香港特别行政区居民的国家安全意识和守法意识。

 

Article 10  The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall promote national security education in schools and universities and through social organisations, the media, the internet and other means to raise the awareness of Hong Kong residents of national security and of the obligation to abide by the law.

 

第十一条  香港特别行政区行政长官应当就香港特别行政区维护国家安全事务向中央人民政府负责,并就香港特别行政区履行维护国家安全职责的情况提交年度报告。

 

Article 11  The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be accountable to the Central People’s Government for affairs relating to safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall submit an annual report on the performance of duties of the Region in safeguarding national security.

 

如中央人民政府提出要求,行政长官应当就维护国家安全特定事项及时提交报告。

 

The Chief Executive shall, at the request of the Central People’s Government, submit in a timely manner a report on specific matters relating to safeguarding national security.

 

第二节  机构

Part 2  Government Bodies

 

第十二条  香港特别行政区设立维护国家安全委员会,负责香港特别行政区维护国家安全事务,承担维护国家安全的主要责任,并接受中央人民政府的监督和问责。

 

Article 12  The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish the Committee for Safeguarding National Security. The Committee shall be responsible for affairs relating to and assume primary responsibility for safeguarding national security in the Region. It shall be under the supervision of and accountable to the Central People’s Government.

 

第十三条  香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会由行政长官担任主席,成员包括政务司长、财政司长、律政司长、保安局局长、警务处处长、本法第十六条规定的警务处维护国家安全部门的负责人、入境事务处处长、海关关长和行政长官办公室主任。

 

Article 13  The Chief Executive shall be the chairperson of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The other members of the Committee shall be the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Financial Secretary, the Secretary for Justice, the Secretary for Security, the Commissioner of Police, the head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force established under Article 16 of this Law, the Director of Immigration, the Commissioner of Customs and Excise, and the Director of the Chief Executive’s Office.

 

香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会下设秘书处,由秘书长领导。秘书长由行政长官提名,报中央人民政府任命。

 

A secretariat headed by a Secretary-General shall be established under the Committee. The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the Central People’s Government upon nomination by the Chief Executive.

 

第十四条  香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会的职责为:

 

Article 14  The duties and functions of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be:

 

(一)分析研判香港特别行政区维护国家安全形势,规划有关工作,制定香港特别行政区维护国家安全政策;

 

(1) analysing and assessing developments in relation to safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, making work plans, and formulating policies for safeguarding national security in the Region;

 

(二)推进香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制建设;

 

(2) advancing the development of the legal system and enforcement mechanisms of the Region for safeguarding national security; and

 

(三)协调香港特别行政区维护国家安全的重点工作和重大行动。

 

(3) coordinating major work and significant operations for safeguarding national security in the Region.

 

香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会的工作不受香港特别行政区任何其他机构、组织和个人的干涉,工作信息不予公开。香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会作出的决定不受司法复核。

 

No institution, organisation or individual in the Region shall interfere with the work of the Committee. Information relating to the work of the Committee shall not be subject to disclosure. Decisions made by the Committee shall not be amenable to judicial review.

 

第十五条  香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会设立国家安全事务顾问,由中央人民政府指派,就香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会履行职责相关事务提供意见。国家安全事务顾问列席香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会会议。

 

Article 15  The Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall have a National Security Adviser, who shall be designated by the Central People’s Government and provide advice on matters relating to the duties and functions of the Committee. The National Security Adviser shall sit in on meetings of the Committee.

 

第十六条  香港特别行政区政府警务处设立维护国家安全的部门,配备执法力量。

 

Article 16  The Police Force of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish a department for safeguarding national security with law enforcement capacity.

 

警务处维护国家安全部门负责人由行政长官任命,行政长官任命前须书面征求本法第四十八条规定的机构的意见。警务处维护国家安全部门负责人在就职时应当宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区,遵守法律,保守秘密。

 

The head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall be appointed by the Chief Executive. The Chief Executive shall seek in writing the opinion of the Office established under Article 48 of this Law before making the appointment. When assuming office, the head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to observe the obligation of secrecy.

 

警务处维护国家安全部门可以从香港特别行政区以外聘请合格的专门人员和技术人员,协助执行维护国家安全相关任务。

 

The department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force may recruit qualified professionals and technical personnel from outside the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to provide assistance in the performance of duties for safeguarding national security.

 

第十七条  警务处维护国家安全部门的职责为:

 

Article 17  The duties and functions of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall be:

 

(一)收集分析涉及国家安全的情报信息;

 

(1) collecting and analysing intelligence and information concerning national security;

 

(二)部署、协调、推进维护国家安全的措施和行动;

 

(2) planning, coordinating and enforcing measures and operations for safeguarding national security;

 

(三)调查危害国家安全犯罪案件;

 

(3) investigating offences endangering national security;

 

(四)进行反干预调查和开展国家安全审查;

 

(4) conducting counter-interference investigation and national security review;

 

(五)承办香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会交办的维护国家安全工作;

 

(5) carrying out tasks of safeguarding national security assigned by the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; and

 

(六)执行本法所需的其他职责。

 

(6) performing other duties and functions necessary for the enforcement of this Law.

 

第十八条  香港特别行政区律政司设立专门的国家安全犯罪案件检控部门,负责危害国家安全犯罪案件的检控工作和其他相关法律事务。该部门检控官由律政司长征得香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会同意后任命。

 

Article 18  The Department of Justice of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish a specialised prosecution division responsible for the prosecution of offences endangering national security and other related legal work. The prosecutors of this division shall be appointed by the Secretary for Justice after obtaining the consent of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

律政司国家安全犯罪案件检控部门负责人由行政长官任命,行政长官任命前须书面征求本法第四十八条规定的机构的意见。律政司国家安全犯罪案件检控部门负责人在就职时应当宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区,遵守法律,保守秘密。

 

The head of the specialised prosecution division of the Department of Justice shall be appointed by the Chief Executive, who shall seek in writing the opinion of the Office established under Article 48 of this Law before making the appointment. When assuming office, the head of the specialised prosecution division shall swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to observe the obligation of secrecy.

 

第十九条  经行政长官批准,香港特别行政区政府财政司长应当从政府一般收入中拨出专门款项支付关于维护国家安全的开支并核准所涉及的人员编制,不受香港特别行政区现行有关法律规定的限制。财政司长须每年就该款项的控制和管理向立法会提交报告。

 

Article 19  The Financial Secretary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall, upon approval of the Chief Executive, appropriate from the general revenue a special fund to meet the expenditure for safeguarding national security and approve the establishment of relevant posts, which are not subject to any restrictions in the relevant provisions of the laws in force in the Region. The Financial Secretary shall submit an annual report on the control and management of the fund for this purpose to the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

第三章  罪行和处罚

Chapter III  Offences and Penalties

 

第一节  分裂国家罪

Part 1  Secession

 

第二十条 任何人组织、策划、实施或者参与实施以下旨在分裂国家、破坏国家统一行为之一的,不论是否使用武力或者以武力相威胁,即属犯罪:

 

Article 20  A person who organises, plans, commits or participates in any of the following acts, whether or not by force or threat of force, with a view to committing secession or undermining national unification shall be guilty of an offence:

 

(一)将香港特别行政区或者中华人民共和国其他任何部分从中华人民共和国分离出去;

 

(1) separating the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or any other part of the People’s Republic of China from the People’s Republic of China;

 

(二)非法改变香港特别行政区或者中华人民共和国其他任何部分的法律地位;

 

(2) altering by unlawful means the legal status of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or of any other part of the People’s Republic of China; or

 

(三)将香港特别行政区或者中华人民共和国其他任何部分转归外国统治。

 

(3) surrendering the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or any other part of the People’s Republic of China to a foreign country.

 

犯前款罪,对首要分子或者罪行重大的,处无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑;对积极参加的,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑;对其他参加的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制。

 

A person who is a principal offender or a person who commits an offence of a grave nature shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years; a person who actively participates in the offence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; and other participants shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, short-term detention or restriction.

 

第二十一条  任何人煽动、协助、教唆、以金钱或者其他财物资助他人实施本法第二十条规定的犯罪的,即属犯罪。情节严重的,处五年以上十年以下有期徒刑;情节较轻的,处五年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制。

 

Article 21  A person who incites, assists in, abets or provides pecuniary or other financial assistance or property for the commission by other persons of the offence under Article 20 of this Law shall be guilty of an offence. If the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a serious nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years but not more than ten years; if the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a minor nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years, short-term detention or restriction.

 

第二节 颠覆国家政权罪

Part 2  Subversion

 

第二十二条 任何人组织、策划、实施或者参与实施以下以武力、威胁使用武力或者其他非法手段旨在颠覆国家政权行为之一的,即属犯罪:

 

Article 22  A person who organises, plans, commits or participates in any of the following acts by force or threat of force or other unlawful means with a view to subverting the State power shall be guilty of an offence:

 

(一)推翻、破坏中华人民共和国宪法所确立的中华人民共和国根本制度;

 

(1) overthrowing or undermining the basic system of the People’s Republic of China established by the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China;

 

(二)推翻中华人民共和国中央政权机关或者香港特别行政区政权机关;

 

(2) overthrowing the body of central power of the People’s Republic of China or the body of power of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region;

 

(三)严重干扰、阻挠、破坏中华人民共和国中央政权机关或者香港特别行政区政权机关依法履行职能;

 

(3) seriously interfering in, disrupting, or undermining the performance of duties and functions in accordance with the law by the body of central power of the People’s Republic of China or the body of power of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; or

 

(四)攻击、破坏香港特别行政区政权机关履职场所及其设施,致使其无法正常履行职能。

 

(4) attacking or damaging the premises and facilities used by the body of power of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to perform its duties and functions, rendering it incapable of performing its normal duties and functions.

 

犯前款罪,对首要分子或者罪行重大的,处无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑;对积极参加的,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑;对其他参加的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制。

 

A person who is a principal offender or a person who commits an offence of a grave nature shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years; a person who actively participates in the offence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; and other participants shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, short-term detention or restriction.

 

第二十三条  任何人煽动、协助、教唆、以金钱或者其他财物资助他人实施本法第二十二条规定的犯罪的,即属犯罪。情节严重的,处五年以上十年以下有期徒刑;情节较轻的,处五年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制。

 

Article 23  A person who incites, assists in, abets or provides pecuniary or other financial assistance or property for the commission by other persons of the offence under Article 22 of this Law shall be guilty of an offence. If the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a serious nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years but not more than ten years; if the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a minor nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years, short-term detention or restriction.

 

第三节 恐怖活动罪

Part 3  Terrorist Activities

 

第二十四条  为胁迫中央人民政府、香港特别行政区政府或者国际组织或者威吓公众以图实现政治主张,组织、策划、实施、参与实施或者威胁实施以下造成或者意图造成严重社会危害的恐怖活动之一的,即属犯罪:

 

Article 24  A person who organises, plans, commits, participates in or threatens to commit any of the following terrorist activities causing or intended to cause grave harm to the society with a view to coercing the Central People’s Government, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or an international organisation or intimidating the public in order to pursue political agenda shall be guilty of an offence:

 

(一)针对人的严重暴力;

 

(1) serious violence against a person or persons;

 

(二)爆炸、纵火或者投放毒害性、放射性、传染病病原体等物质;

 

(2) explosion, arson, or dissemination of poisonous or radioactive substances, pathogens of infectious diseases or other substances;

 

(三)破坏交通工具、交通设施、电力设备、燃气设备或者其他易燃易爆设备;

 

(3) sabotage of means of transport, transport facilities, electric power or gas facilities, or other combustible or explosible facilities;

 

(四)严重干扰、破坏水、电、燃气、交通、通讯、网络等公共服务和管理的电子控制系统;

 

(4) serious interruption or sabotage of electronic control systems for providing and managing public services such as water, electric power, gas, transport, telecommunications and the internet; or

 

(五)以其他危险方法严重危害公众健康或者安全。

 

(5) other dangerous activities which seriously jeopardise public health, safety or security.

 

犯前款罪,致人重伤、死亡或者使公私财产遭受重大损失的,处无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑;其他情形,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑。

 

A person who commits the offence causing serious bodily injury, death or significant loss of public or private property shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years; in other circumstances, a person who commits the offence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years.

 

第二十五条  组织、领导恐怖活动组织的,即属犯罪,处无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑,并处没收财产;积极参加的,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑,并处罚金;其他参加的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,可以并处罚金。

 

Article 25  A person who organises or takes charge of a terrorist organisation shall be guilty of an offence and shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years, and shall be subject to confiscation of property; a person who actively participates in a terrorist organisation shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years and shall be imposed with a criminal fine; and other participants shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, short-term detention or restriction, and shall be liable to a criminal fine.

 

本法所指的恐怖活动组织,是指实施或者意图实施本法第二十四条规定的恐怖活动罪行或者参与或者协助实施本法第二十四条规定的恐怖活动罪行的组织。

 

For the purpose of this Law, a terrorist organisation means an organisation which commits or intends to commit the offence under Article 24 of this Law or participates or assists in the commission of the offence.

 

第二十六条  为恐怖活动组织、恐怖活动人员、恐怖活动实施提供培训、武器、信息、资金、物资、劳务、运输、技术或者场所等支持、协助、便利,或者制造、非法管有爆炸性、毒害性、放射性、传染病病原体等物质以及以其他形式准备实施恐怖活动的,即属犯罪。情节严重的,处五年以上十年以下有期徒刑,并处罚金或者没收财产;其他情形,处五年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处罚金。

 

Article 26  A person who provides support, assistance or facility such as training, weapons, information, funds, supplies, labour, transport, technologies or venues to a terrorist organisation or a terrorist, or for the commission of a terrorist activity; or manufactures or illegally possesses substances such as explosive, poisonous or radioactive substances and pathogens of infectious diseases or uses other means to prepare for the commission of a terrorist activity, shall be guilty of an offence. If the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a serious nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years but not more than ten years, and shall be imposed with a criminal fine or subject to confiscation of property; in other circumstances, a person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years, short-term detention or restriction, and shall be imposed with a criminal fine.

 

有前款行为,同时构成其他犯罪的,依照处罚较重的规定定罪处罚。

 

If the act referred to in the preceding paragraph also constitutes other offences, the person who commits the act shall be convicted and sentenced for the offence that carries a more severe penalty.

 

第二十七条  宣扬恐怖主义、煽动实施恐怖活动的,即属犯罪。情节严重的,处五年以上十年以下有期徒刑,并处罚金或者没收财产;其他情形,处五年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处罚金。

 

Article 27  A person who advocates terrorism or incites the commission of a terrorist activity shall be guilty of an offence. If the circumstances of the offence committed by a person are of a serious nature, the person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years but not more than ten years, and shall be imposed with a criminal fine or subject to confiscation of property; in other circumstances, a person shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years, short-term detention or restriction, and shall be imposed with a criminal fine.

 

第二十八条  本节规定不影响依据香港特别行政区法律对其他形式的恐怖活动犯罪追究刑事责任并采取冻结财产等措施。

 

Article 28  The provisions of this Part shall not affect the prosecution of terrorist offences committed in other forms or the imposition of other measures such as freezing of property in accordance with the laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

第四节  勾结外国或者境外势力危害国家安全罪

Part 4  Collusion with a Foreign Country or with External Elements to Endanger National Security

 

第二十九条  为外国或者境外机构、组织、人员窃取、刺探、收买、非法提供涉及国家安全的国家秘密或者情报的;请求外国或者境外机构、组织、人员实施,与外国或者境外机构、组织、人员串谋实施,或者直接或者间接接受外国或者境外机构、组织、人员的指使、控制、资助或者其他形式的支援实施以下行为之一的,均属犯罪:

 

Article 29  A person who steals, spies, obtains with payment, or unlawfully provides State secrets or intelligence concerning national security for a foreign country or an institution, organisation or individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China shall be guilty of an offence; a person who requests a foreign country or an institution, organisation or individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China, or conspires with a foreign country or an institution, organisation or individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China, or directly or indirectly receives instructions, control, funding or other kinds of support from a foreign country or an institution, organisation or individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China, to commit any of the following acts shall be guilty of an offence:

 

(一)对中华人民共和国发动战争,或者以武力或者武力相威胁,对中华人民共和国主权、统一和领土完整造成严重危害;

 

(1) waging a war against the People’s Republic of China, or using or threatening to use force to seriously undermine the sovereignty, unification and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China;

 

(二)对香港特别行政区政府或者中央人民政府制定和执行法律、政策进行严重阻挠并可能造成严重后果;

 

(2) seriously disrupting the formulation and implementation of laws or policies by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or by the Central People’s Government, which is likely to cause serious consequences;

 

(三)对香港特别行政区选举进行操控、破坏并可能造成严重后果;

 

(3) rigging or undermining an election in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, which is likely to cause serious consequences;

 

(四)对香港特别行政区或者中华人民共和国进行制裁、封锁或者采取其他敌对行动;

 

(4) imposing sanctions or blockade, or engaging in other hostile activities against the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or the People’s Republic of China; or

 

(五)通过各种非法方式引发香港特别行政区居民对中央人民政府或者香港特别行政区政府的憎恨并可能造成严重后果。

 

(5) provoking by unlawful means hatred among Hong Kong residents towards the Central People’s Government or the Government of the Region, which is likely to cause serious consequences.

 

犯前款罪,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑;罪行重大的,处无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑。

 

A person who commits the offence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; a person who commits an offence of a grave nature shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years.

 

本条第一款规定涉及的境外机构、组织、人员,按共同犯罪定罪处刑。

 

The institution, organisation and individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China referred to in the first paragraph of this Article shall be convicted and punished for the same offence.

 

第三十条  为实施本法第二十条、第二十二条规定的犯罪,与外国或者境外机构、组织、人员串谋,或者直接或者间接接受外国或者境外机构、组织、人员的指使、控制、资助或者其他形式的支援的,依照本法第二十条、第二十二条的规定从重处罚。

 

Article 30  A person who conspires with or directly or indirectly receives instructions, control, funding or other kinds of support from a foreign country or an institution, organisation, or individual outside the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao of the People’s Republic of China to commit the offences under Article 20 or 22 of this Law shall be liable to a more severe penalty in accordance with the provisions therein respectively.

 

第五节  其他处罚规定

Part 5  Other Provisions on Penalty

 

第三十一条  公司、团体等法人或者非法人组织实施本法规定的犯罪的,对该组织判处罚金。

 

Article 31  An incorporated or unincorporated body such as a company or an organisation which commits an offence under this Law shall be imposed with a criminal fine.

 

公司、团体等法人或者非法人组织因犯本法规定的罪行受到刑事处罚的,应责令其暂停运作或者吊销其执照或者营业许可证。

 

The operation of an incorporated or unincorporated body such as a company or an organisation shall be suspended or its licence or business permit shall be revoked if the body has been punished for committing an offence under this Law.

 

第三十二条  因实施本法规定的犯罪而获得的资助、收益、报酬等违法所得以及用于或者意图用于犯罪的资金和工具,应当予以追缴、没收。

 

Article 32  Proceeds obtained from the commission of an offence under this Law including financial aid, gains and rewards, and funds and tools used or intended to be used in the commission of the offence shall be seized and confiscated.

 

第三十三条  有以下情形的,对有关犯罪行为人、犯罪嫌疑人、被告人可以从轻、减轻处罚;犯罪较轻的,可以免除处罚:

 

Article 33  A lighter penalty may be imposed, or the penalty may be reduced or, in the case of a minor offence, exempted, if an offender, criminal suspect, or defendant:

 

(一)在犯罪过程中,自动放弃犯罪或者自动有效地防止犯罪结果发生的;

 

(1) in the process of committing an offence, voluntarily discontinues the commission of the offence or voluntarily and effectively forestalls its consequences;

 

(二)自动投案,如实供述自己的罪行的;

 

(2) voluntarily surrenders himself or herself and gives a truthful account of the offence; or

 

(三)揭发他人犯罪行为,查证属实,或者提供重要线索得以侦破其他案件的。

 

(3) reports on the offence committed by other person, which is verified to be true, or provides material information which assists in solving other criminal case.

 

被采取强制措施的犯罪嫌疑人、被告人如实供述执法、司法机关未掌握的本人犯有本法规定的其他罪行的,按前款第二项规定处理。

 

Sub-paragraph (2) of the preceding paragraph shall apply to a criminal suspect or defendant who is subjected to mandatory measures and provides a truthful account of other offences committed by him or her under this Law which are unknown to the law enforcement or judicial authorities.

 

第三十四条  不具有香港特别行政区永久性居民身份的人实施本法规定的犯罪的,可以独立适用或者附加适用驱逐出境。

 

Article 34  A person who is not a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may be subject to deportation as the sole or an additional punishment if he or she commits an offence under this Law.

 

不具有香港特别行政区永久性居民身份的人违反本法规定,因任何原因不对其追究刑事责任的,也可以驱逐出境。

 

A person who is not a permanent resident of the Region may be subject to deportation if he or she contravenes the provisions of this Law but is not prosecuted for any reason.

 

第三十五条  任何人经法院判决犯危害国家安全罪行的,即丧失作为候选人参加香港特别行政区举行的立法会、区议会选举或者出任香港特别行政区任何公职或者行政长官选举委员会委员的资格;曾经宣誓或者声明拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法、效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区的立法会议员、政府官员及公务人员、行政会议成员、法官及其他司法人员、区议员,即时丧失该等职务,并丧失参选或者出任上述职务的资格。

 

Article 35  A person who is convicted of an offence endangering national security by a court shall be disqualified from standing as a candidate in the elections of the Legislative Council and district councils of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, holding any public office in the Region, or serving as a member of the Election Committee for electing the Chief Executive. If a person so convicted is a member of the Legislative Council, a government official, a public servant, a member of the Executive Council, a judge or a judicial officer, or a member of the district councils, who has taken an oath or made a declaration to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, he or she shall be removed from his or her office upon conviction, and shall be disqualified from standing for the aforementioned elections or from holding any of the aforementioned posts.

 

前款规定资格或者职务的丧失,由负责组织、管理有关选举或者公职任免的机构宣布。

 

The disqualification and removal from offices referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be announced by the authorities responsible for organising and managing the relevant elections or for the appointment and removal of holders of public office.

 

第六节  效力范围

Part 6  Scope of Application

 

第三十六条  任何人在香港特别行政区内实施本法规定的犯罪的,适用本法。犯罪的行为或者结果有一项发生在香港特别行政区内的,就认为是在香港特别行政区内犯罪。

 

Article 36  This Law shall apply to offences under this Law which are committed in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region by any person. An offence shall be deemed to have been committed in the Region if an act constituting the offence or the consequence of the offence occurs in the Region.

 

在香港特别行政区注册的船舶或者航空器内实施本法规定的犯罪的,也适用本法。

 

This Law shall also apply to offences under this Law committed on board a vessel or aircraft registered in the Region.

 

第三十七条  香港特别行政区永久性居民或者在香港特别行政区成立的公司、团体等法人或者非法人组织在香港特别行政区以外实施本法规定的犯罪的,适用本法。

 

Article 37  This Law shall apply to a person who is a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or an incorporated or unincorporated body such as a company or an organisation which is set up in the Region if the person or the body commits an offence under this Law outside the Region.

 

第三十八条  不具有香港特别行政区永久性居民身份的人在香港特别行政区以外针对香港特别行政区实施本法规定的犯罪的,适用本法。

 

Article 38  This Law shall apply to offences under this Law committed against the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region from outside the Region by a person who is not a permanent resident of the Region.

 

第三十九条  本法施行以后的行为,适用本法定罪处刑。

 

Article 39  This Law shall apply to acts committed after its entry into force for the purpose of conviction and imposition of punishment. 

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