2024 Gates Foundation Annual Letter文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15188.html
Philanthropy’s once-in-a-generation opportunity文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15188.html
By Mark Suzman, Chief Executive Officer文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15188.html
This year the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has committed to spending $8.6 billion to help meet mounting needs and fund innovative ways to save and improve lives. Many philanthropists are stepping up, but this extraordinary moment requires more: more urgency, more resources, and more bold, new ideas from around the world. By focusing on the areas of greatest human need, we can realize the full potential of philanthropy at the moment when the world needs it most.文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/15188.html
Last year, a man named Chuck Feeney died, at the age of 92. Feeney was a billionaire, but you might not have heard of him. He purposely led a low-profile life – he wore a ten-dollar watch and, in his final years, didn’t own a house or a car. The field where he made his billions, duty-free shopping, doesn’t grab many headlines.
You won’t find Feeney’s name carved on buildings – but his legacy is indelible.
In 2011, Feeney joined the Giving Pledge, a movement of individuals with extraordinary wealth who commit to giving the majority of it to charitable causes during their lifetimes or in their wills. At the time, he wrote, “I cannot think of a more personally rewarding and appropriate use of wealth than to give while one is living, to personally devote oneself to meaningful efforts to improve the human condition.”
What made Feeney remarkable isn’t what he said he’d do – it’s how thoroughly and thoughtfully he did it. He gave away virtually all his wealth while he was alive. And he gave it to a vast array of causes around the world: public health system strengthening in Vietnam, HIV clinics in South Africa, and grassroots campaigns to expand health care coverage to people with low incomes, to name a few.
Feeney’s humble but powerful philanthropy inspired so many people, including Warren Buffett and our foundation’s co-chairs, Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates. He showed us all how the actions of one generous person can set the wheels in motion for generations of progress.
That’s exactly what our foundation aims to do. We believe that everyone should have the chance to live a healthy and productive life, no matter who they are or where they live.
To make the biggest impact – which we measure in lives saved and livelihoods improved – we focus on areas of great human need in the United States and around the world. We’re committed to spending down our endowment after our founders’ deaths because we’re focused on solving urgent problems now, and helping set up systems that will outlive us.
That’s why our board committed to increasing our annual payout to $9 billion by 2026. Earlier this month, they approved a 2024 budget of $8.6B, which we’ll use to fund innovative ways to save and improve lives.
Other philanthropists are stepping up too – and in this letter I’ll share why that makes me so hopeful about how much more we can achieve together at a time of great need and even greater opportunity.
Big challenges & big potential
In the years since the COVID-19 pandemic struck, we’ve witnessed the rise, after decades of decline, of extreme poverty. A resurgence of deadly infectious diseases. Climate disasters. Old wars and new ones.
It’s hard to grapple with the inequities. Parents bury their children, lost to diseases people in rich countries will never have to worry about. Women die in childbirth who could have been saved with basic, low-cost interventions – simply because of their race, income, or where they happen to be born. Hundreds of millions of people live on less than $2.15 a day – on the same planet where, during the first 24 months of the pandemic, billionaires’ wealth rose more than it had in the 23 years prior.
And just as needs are mounting, low-income countries have fewer resources with which to meet them. Nearly half the world’s people now live in countries that spend more on servicing foreign debt than they do on health care. And official development assistance – the grants and low-cost financing that help the poorest countries meet basic human needs – has steadily fallen in real terms, as wealthy countries spend more on other priorities at home and abroad.
Exemplars in philanthropy
Around the world, philanthropists are partnering with local communities, NGOs, and governments to use their capital to make a meaningful difference. Here are just a few examples.
Driving transformational change
The Skoll Foundation was created to build a sustainable world of peace and prosperity by investing in, connecting, and championing social entrepreneurs and other social innovators working to advance bold and equitable solutions to the world’s most pressing problems.
Investing in the next generation
The Azim Premji Foundation’s vision is to contribute towards a more just, equitable, humane and sustainable society. Their work is focused on advancing education in India.
阿齐姆·普莱姆基基金会（Azim Premji Foundation）的愿景是，为建设一个更加公平、公正、人道和可持续的社会做贡献。他们的工作重点是推进印度的教育。
Together, we go further
For Tsitsi Masiyiwa, giving is about “a love for humanity.”
The Zimbabwe-born social entrepreneur became a philanthropist after witnessing the devastating impact of HIV and AIDS on her community. After her aunt lost eight children to the disease, Masiyiwa was compelled to act. For her, that meant giving: first through the Higherlife Foundation, and later through Delta Philanthropies, both co-founded with her husband, Strive Masiyiwa. (Strive is a member of the Gates Foundation’s board of trustees).
The Masiyiwas realized that aligning their investments with government priorities and policies would amplify their impact. This approach has led to increased scholarships for students, better-equipped and trained farmers in rural areas for sustainable food production, and reduced rates of cholera and neglected tropical diseases in communities.
Gender inequality widens existing gaps across all these issues and more, so Masiyiwa looked for opportunities to combine forces with other philanthropists to improve the futures of women and girls. In 2022, she launched the Africa Gender Initiative to raise $50 million from African philanthropists for gender equality.
性别不平等加剧了所有这些问题，因此马希依瓦开始寻找机会与其他慈善家合力，改善女性的未来。2022年，她发起了非洲性别平等倡议（Africa Gender Initiative） ，从非洲慈善家那里筹集了5000万美元以促进性别平等。
Today, she is chair of two donor collaboratives: END Fund, which is dedicated to ending neglected tropical diseases, and Co-Impact, a collaborative that brings funders and nonprofits together to amplify their collective work, including on gender equality.
“The solutions to our problems don’t lie with a single philanthropist or organization,” Masiyiwa says. “But if we pull our resources together with a common agenda, we are able to make a bigger impact than we could alone.”
Catalyzing lasting change
Belinda Tanoto and her family believe that access to high-quality education doesn’t just change one life – it can transform entire societies. They know today’s children are the next generation of leaders and aim to give them the support they need to achieve their aspirations.
“Since our earliest days, we have focused on education, as we believe that a quality education is the most effective tool to help people realize their potential,” said Tinah Tanoto, Belinda’s mother.
Alongside partners, the Tanoto Foundation aims to remove barriers to opportunity, whether that means helping children get the nutrition they need to grow up strong in Indonesia or improving early childhood education in China. To date, they’ve helped establish 125 early learning centers across China – with a special focus on improving outcomes in rural communities.
Tanoto’s private sector experience has informed her giving strategy and has led her to advocate for more corporate participation in philanthropic initiatives. “When private-sector companies act as implementing partners,” she says, “they can exponentially enhance impact on beneficiaries and communities.”
Tanoto knows that lasting, positive change requires action from many players – which is why her family’s foundation partners with governments, experts, and communities themselves. But she sees philanthropy as a catalyst – able to fill gaps and kickstart progress that can lead to lasting, positive change.
The good news is that there are solutions – existing and emerging – that will improve and save lives despite these challenges. Innovative digital tools can help more women access economic opportunity. New interventions involving the gut microbiome can help solve malnutrition. Agricultural innovations can help farmers increase production, even in the face of extreme weather.
But these solutions need support, or they’ll wind up merely as wasted potential. The sooner that support comes, the more people we can help today – and the better off we’ll leave the next generation.
This starts with governments, who play the biggest and most essential role in making sure that solutions reach the people who need them. But governments face competing priorities and very real fiscal constraints. Too often, financial support for emerging crises comes at the expense of funding for fundamental health and development challenges.
Governments need to do more. So do multilateral organizations and private companies, which play a vital role in driving innovation and progress. And there’s another sector that has so much potential to make the world a fairer, healthier place – which brings me back to Chuck Feeney.
Thousands of people are thriving today because he saw gaps and helped fill them. That’s what philanthropy can do – on a massive scale. Philanthropists all over the world are finding new ways to give to reduce inequities. I hope they’ll do more, and that more people step up to join them.