Report on the Execution of the Central and Local Budgets for 2018 and on the Draft Central and Local Budgets for 2019
Second Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China
March 5, 2019
Ministry of Finance
The Ministry of Finance has been entrusted by the State Council to submit this report on the execution of the central and local budgets for 2018 and on the draft central and local budgets for 2019 to the present Second Session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) for your deliberation and for comments from members of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).
I. Execution of the 2018 Central and Local Budgets
The year 2018 was the first year of fully implementing the guiding principles from the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, all localities and departments followed the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly put into practice the guiding principles from the Party’s 19th National Congress and the second and third plenary sessions of the 19th Party Central Committee, and remained committed to the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability. With due consideration to the requirements of high-quality development, we implemented the policy decisions and plans of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, and acted in strict accordance with the budgets reviewed and approved by the First Session of the 13th NPC. As a result, we have maintained sustained and healthy economic development and overall social stability, and have taken new strides toward achieving our goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Execution of both central and local budgets was satisfactory.
- General public budgetary revenue and expenditure in 2018
1) National general public budget
Revenue in the national general public budget reached 18.335184 trillion yuan, representing 100.1% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 6.2% over 2017. With the addition of 1.477277 trillion yuan of funds from other sources and utilized carryover and surplus funds (namely, funds transferred from the Central Budget Stabilization Fund and local budget stabilization funds, the budgets of central and local government-managed funds, and the budgets of central and local government state capital operations; and carryover and surplus funds used by local governments), the total revenue rose to 19.812461 trillion yuan.
Expenditure in the national general public budget reached 22.090607 trillion yuan, representing 105.3% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 8.7%. With the addition of 101.854 billion yuan used to replenish the Central Budget Stabilization Fund, the total expenditure rose to 22.192461 trillion yuan. Total expenditure therefore exceeded total revenue, leaving a deficit of 2.38 trillion yuan, which is consistent with the figure projected.
Throughout 2018, China was able to achieve overall economic stability while also ensuring progress, and revenue in the national general public budget saw continued growth. The growth rate was 12.9% from January to April. As a combined result of measures on reducing value added tax (VAT) effective from May 1, preferential tax policies issued to support the development of small and micro businesses, the rise of the individual income tax threshold (basic standard deduction) and application of the new tax rate table starting from October 1, and new downward pressure on the economy, the revenue growth rate from May to December slowed to 2.6%. In terms of revenue composition, tax revenue totaled 15.640052 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.3% and rising to 85.3% as a proportion of national general public budget revenue; non-tax revenue totaled 2.695132 trillion yuan, a decrease of 4.7% and accounting for 14.7% of revenue in the national general public budget.
2) Central general public budget
Revenue in the central government’s general public budget reached 8.544734 trillion yuan, representing 100.1% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 5.3% over 2017. Adding in contributions of 213 billion yuan from the Central Budget Stabilization Fund and 32.3 billion yuan from the budgets of central government-managed funds and central government state capital operations, the total revenue amounted to 8.790034 trillion yuan.
Expenditure in the central government’s general public budget totaled 10.23818 trillion yuan, representing 99.1% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 7.7%. Within this total figure, central government expenditure reached 3.270781 trillion yuan, representing 100.7% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 8.8%; tax rebates and transfer payments from central to local governments reached 6.967399 trillion yuan, representing 99% of the budgeted figure and an increase of 7.2%. With the addition of 101.854 billion yuan contributed to the Central Budget Stabilization Fund, the total expenditure reached 10.340034 trillion yuan. Total expenditure exceeded total revenue, leaving a deficit of 1.55 trillion yuan, which is consistent with the figure projected.
Main revenue items in the central government’s general public budget: Domestic VAT revenue was 3.075304 trillion yuan, 104% of the budgeted figure. Domestic excise tax revenue amounted to 1.063175 trillion yuan, 100.6% of the budgeted figure. Revenue from VAT and excise tax on imports totaled 1.687875 trillion yuan, 98.9% of the budgeted figure. Revenue from customs duties came to 284.775 billion yuan, 90.7% of the budgeted figure. Corporate income tax revenue was 2.224181 trillion yuan, 101.6% of the budgeted figure. Individual income tax revenue was 832.441 billion yuan, 107.4% of the budgeted figure. VAT and excise tax rebates on exports totaled 1.591345 trillion yuan, 107.7% of the budgeted figure.
Main expenditures in the central government’s general public budget: General public service expenditures reached 150.368 billion yuan, 103.4% of the budgeted figure. Spending on foreign affairs totaled 58.337 billion yuan, 97.1% of the budgeted figure. National defense spending was 1.10697 trillion yuan, 100% of the budgeted figure. Public security expenses totaled 204.151 billion yuan, 102.5% of the budgeted figure. Spending on education came to 173.123 billion yuan, 101.2% of the budgeted figure. Spending on science and technology amounted to 312.027 billion yuan, 100.2% of the budgeted figure. Spending on stockpiling grain, edible oils, and other materials was 137.564 billion yuan, 100.3% of the budgeted figure. Interest payments on debt reached 416.165 billion yuan, 97.1% of the budgeted figure.
Central government tax rebates and transfer payments made to local governments: Tax rebates came to 798.786 billion yuan, 98.2% of the projected figure. General transfer payments reached 3.875904 trillion yuan, making up 99.4% of the budgeted figure and rising to 62.8% as a proportion of total transfer payments. Special transfer payments reached 2.292709 trillion yuan, 98.8% of the budgeted figure.
In 2018, the extra 9.034 billion yuan of revenue in the central general public budget and the 92.82 billion yuan underspent were transferred in full to the Central Budget Stabilization Fund. Central government reserve funds budgeted for 2018 amounted to 50 billion yuan. Of this, actual spending was only 1.748 billion yuan, which was mainly used to support local governments in strengthening prevention and control of African swine fever, and in other areas. The 48.252 billion-yuan surplus (already included in the afore-mentioned 92.82 billion yuan underspent) was transferred in full to the Central Budget Stabilization Fund. At the end of 2018, the Central Budget Stabilization Fund had a balance of 376.399 billion yuan.
3) Local general public budget
Revenue in the local general public budget reached 16.757849 trillion yuan. This figure included 9.79045 trillion yuan in local government revenue, which is an increase of 7% over 2017, and 6.967399 trillion yuan in tax rebates and transfer payments from the central government. With the addition of 1.231977 trillion yuan of funds transferred from local budget stabilization funds, local government-managed funds, and the local state capital operations budget as well as utilized carryover and surplus funds, the total revenue reached 17.989826 trillion yuan. Expenditures in the local general public budget totaled 18.819826 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 8.7%. Total expenditure exceeded total revenue, creating a local government deficit of 830 billion yuan, which is consistent with the figure projected.