REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/14306.html
Delivered at the First Session of the 14th National People’s Congress文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/14306.html
March 7, 2023文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/14306.html
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/14306.html
On behalf of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), I now present this report on its work for your deliberation.
The Major Work of the Past Year and the Past Five Years
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012, in response to grave, intricate international developments and a succession of risks and challenges, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has brought together the entire Party, the entire military, and the entire Chinese people and led them in adopting a number of strategic measures, developing a range of transformative practices, and making a series of breakthroughs and landmark advances, thereby setting China on a new journey toward building a modern socialist country in all respects.
The Communist Party of China’s 19th and 20th national congresses captured worldwide attention and provided profound answers to a number of major theoretical and practical questions on upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics on the new journey in the new era. They charted a course and established a guide to action for building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing national rejuvenation on all fronts. Rich in major political, theoretical, and practical achievements, the two congresses will go down in history. They set the direction and offered guidelines for carrying out the work of people’s congresses in the new era.
Over the past year, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the 13th NPC Standing Committee earnestly implemented the guiding principles from the Party’s 19th and 20th national congresses and accomplished all the tasks set forth at the Fifth Session of the 13th NPC in March 2022.
- In pursuing high-quality legislation, we formulated 5 laws, revised 9 laws, adopted 4 decisions on legal issues and major matters, and issued 1 legal interpretation.
- In exercising effective oversight, we conducted inspections on the implementation of 5 laws, heard and deliberated 23 oversight reports, held special inquiries, and carried out 8 research projects.
- In adhering to high standards in our work related to deputies, we processed 487 proposals and 9,349 suggestions from deputies and saw deputy attendance in the work of the Standing Committee, special committees, and working commissions and committees exceed 100.
- In advancing our diplomatic agenda, we made decisions on ratifying or entering into 14 treaties and important agreements, organized and attended 116 bilateral video events and international video conferences, held 38 offline foreign affairs events, and exchanged nearly 600 diplomatic letters.
- We approved 393 appointments and removals of employees of state institutions in accordance with the law.
The five-year term of the 13th NPC Standing Committee was a time of historic change in China in which the cause of the Party and the country flourished. We acquired a deep understanding of the decisive significance of establishing Comrade Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and establishing the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. We became more conscious of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership. We stayed confident in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We upheld Comrade Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and upheld the Central Committee’s authority and its centralized, unified leadership.
We resolutely implemented the Party’s theories, lines, principles, and policies and kept the NPC’s work oriented in the right direction. We closely followed the Party Central Committee’s major decisions and plans, aligned ourselves with the people’s aspirations for a better life, and focused on the need to modernize China’s system and capacity for governance. We put into practice the important concept of whole-process people’s democracy and closely relied on all deputies in exercising our powers to enact laws, conduct oversight, make decisions, and appoint and remove officials in accordance with the law. We earnestly fulfilled the honorable duties conferred upon us by the Party and the people and strove to honor our solemn commitment to living up to the trust of the Party Central Committee and the expectations of the people.
Over the past five years, our most important achievements are progress in developing the theory on the people’s congress system and in carrying out the practical work of the people’s congresses with the guidance and encouragement of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core.
Specifically, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the important concept of whole-process people’s democracy and expounded the basic meaning, defining features, and major principles of China’s socialist democracy, thus making an original contribution to Marxist theory on democracy. His thinking on upholding and improving the people’s congress system clarified the four-fold role of people’s congresses. * This marked a step forward in better defining the people’s congress system and making it more mature, consolidated, and complete. In October 2021, the Party Central Committee held the first-ever conference on people’s congresses’ work, where General Secretary Xi Jinping gave an important speech and laid out systematic plans for upholding and improving the people’s congress system and strengthening and enhancing the work of people’s congresses in the new era.
The system of people’s congresses has ensured the genuine and organic integration of Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance, and it serves as China’s foundational political system that underpins the country’s governance system and capacity. The people’s congress system has been brought into full play, and, in practice, it has displayed tremendous vitality and strengths. It provides safeguards for the people to manage state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and social affairs through various channels and in various ways in accordance with the law.
Over the past five years, we adopted an amendment to the Constitution, formulated 47 laws, conducted 111 rounds of revision to existing laws, and adopted 53 interpretations, decisions, and resolutions on legal issues and major matters. A total of 19 draft laws and decisions were deliberated and are pending adoption. We heard and discussed 182 reports on oversight work and other issues, inspected the implementation of 30 laws and decisions, and carried out 11 special inquiries and 33 research projects. All 2,282 proposals and 43,750 suggestions we received from deputies have been processed, with 98 percent of deputies reporting that they were satisfied with the handling of their proposals or suggestions. We made decisions on ratifying or entering into 36 treaties and important agreements, sent or received a total of 261 delegations, and held and attended over 400 bilateral and multilateral diplomatic events via video. We also approved 1,515 appointments and removals of employees of state institutions in accordance with the law. Our main work during the past five years was as follows.