摘要How Does China Take on a Virus?


How Does China Take on a Virus?文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/8827.html




It has been a month since Wuhan was locked down because of the coronavirus. Like a big push on a swing, the epidemic tips the balance in the world, and China is making efforts to keep standing.文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/8827.html




The challenge lies in the country’s size. China is a big country with a large span, and the virus hit the center, literally. The epicenter is a metropolis of 16 million people in the middle of the country. To make matters worse, it is surrounded by many cities, also with millions of inhabitants. Wuhan is a transport hub, and the virus is threatening to infect the whole surrounding area. The size of the country is a significant obstacle.文章源自英文巴士-https://www.en84.com/8827.html




But that’s only half the story. Because of its continental size, all the parts feed off each other. When Wuhan fell, the other provinces came to its aid. As we speak, one tenth of the intensive-care doctors of the entire country is in Wuhan. A total of 40,000 medical staff moved to the center in a wartime fashion. China plans to take the virus full on.




Structure matters. Another weight on scale is messaging. China has two-way traffic of communication: top-down and bottom-up.


中国需要改善信息自下而上的传导。武汉的八名医生于新型病毒爆发之初便发出警示,然而他们的声音却没有被重视, 国家监委调查组仍在调查事件真相。但是有一点是肯定的:汇报层级过多,手续繁杂,缺乏信息上报动力。


China needs to do better bottom-up. When doctors in Wuhan sounded alarms of the new virus, the message got lost. An investigation is still ongoing on why. But one reason is obvious: there are too many layers, too much red tape and too little incentives to send the messages up.




But China is strong when it comes to top-down messages. When the leadership is on top of the problem, it has the willpower and wherewithal to make the call. And the grassroots answer. China launched a people’s war. And that was exactly what was needed to deal with a travelling threat like an epidemic. China built two hospitals in ten days, thousands of wards in a week, and shook the population into action. Top-down is fast and sharp. Nobody should argue against efficiency, especially when what is at stake is a plague spreading.


但是保持平衡实非易事。每个决定的背后都有取舍,它会影响百姓生计,甚至攸关生死。我们需要减缓疫情传播速度。中国许多地区都在执行严格的检疫隔离。建立广泛的检疫隔离网络,减少违规行为固然是个好办法 问题是我们仍然不知道确切的疫情扩散范围。在不侵犯人们的权利和尊严的情况下有效隔离感染者困难重重。


But keeping the balance is hard. Every decision is a tradeoff when it affects the lives of thousands and the livelihoods of millions. We need to slow the spread. Draconian quarantines are being enforced in many parts of the country. Maintain [Maintaining] a large network of isolation and a low rate of rogue behavior is the answer; the question is: we still don’t know the exact extent of the infection. Isolating the infected while not infringing on people’s rights and decency is not an easy task.




Our economy relies on human transaction, but epidemic control depends on social distancing. We need to keep a distance, and yet we need to work together. So how do we balance saving lives and saving economy? This is an issue that requires hard decision making.




But the hardest is when to draw the line. With so little information on an adversary like the virus and so few weapons at our disposal, without treatment or vaccines, we are not able to answer the public’s question: when does it end?




Before the end of the Second World War, Winston Churchill described the war like this: victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.




Now, we are at war with a virus. And victory is still ahead of us. Luckily, we still have a big country to fall back on, a world that lifts us, and a system that delivers results. There will be more hard decisions to be made. In the end, we hope those will be the best choices, and we must be proud of them.

  • 版权声明 本文源自 CGTN, sisu04 整理 发表于 2020年2月26日 21:58:43