双语:“一带一路”建设海上合作设想

摘要

Full Text: Vision for Maritime Cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative

Vision for Maritime Cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative

“一带一路”建设海上合作设想

Vision for Maritime Cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative

 

2013年,中国国家主席习近平先后提出共建“丝绸之路经济带”和“21世纪海上丝绸之路”的重大倡议。2015年,中国政府发布《推动共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的愿景与行动》,提出以政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通为主要内容,坚持共商、共建、共享原则,积极推动“一带一路”建设,得到国际社会的广泛关注和积极回应。

 

In 2013, President Xi Jinping raised the initiative of jointly building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (hereinafter referred to as the Belt and Road Initiative). In 2015, China issued The Vision and Actions on Jointly Building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which suggests promoting policy coordination, connectivity of infrastructure and facilities, unimpeded trade, financial integration and people-to-people bonds, adhering to the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration in propelling the Belt and Road construction. This proposal has garnered widespread attention and support from the international community.

 

为进一步与沿线国加强战略对接与共同行动,推动建立全方位、多层次、宽领域的蓝色伙伴关系,保护和可持续利用海洋和海洋资源,实现人海和谐、共同发展,共同增进海洋福祉,共筑和繁荣21世纪海上丝绸之路,国家发展和改革委员会、国家海洋局特制定并发布《“一带一路”建设海上合作设想》。

 

With a view to synchronizing development plans and promoting joint actions amongst countries along the Maritime Silk Road, setting up the all-dimensional, multi-tiered and broad-scoped Blue Partnership, jointly protecting and sustainably utilizing marine resources to achieve harmony between man and the ocean for common development and enhancement of marine welfare, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the State Oceanic Administration (SOA) hereby issue The Vision for Maritime Cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative (hereinafter referred to as the Vision) to build a peaceful and prosperous 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

 

一、时代背景

I. Background

 

海洋是地球最大的生态系统,是人类生存和可持续发展的共同空间和宝贵财富。随着经济全球化和区域经济一体化的进一步发展,以海洋为载体和纽带的市场、技术、信息等合作日益紧密,发展蓝色经济逐步成为国际共识,一个更加注重和依赖海上合作与发展的时代已经到来。“独行快,众行远”。加强海上合作顺应了世界发展潮流与开放合作大势,是促进世界各国经济联系更趋紧密、互惠合作更加深入、发展空间更为广阔的必然选择,也是世界各国一道共同应对危机挑战、促进地区和平稳定的重要途径。

 

The oceans comprise the largest ecosystem on earth, contributing valuable assets for human survival and a common arena for sustainable development. As globalization and regional economic integration progress, oceans have become a foundation and bridge for market and technological cooperation and for information sharing. Developing the blue economy has become an international consensus, ushering in a new era of increased focus and dependence upon maritime cooperation and development. As the saying goes, “Alone, we go faster; together, we go further.” Conforming with the prevailing trend of development, openness and cooperation, strengthening maritime cooperation contributes to closer links between world economies, deeper mutually beneficial cooperation, and broader space for development. Enhancing maritime cooperation also enables various countries to jointly tackle challenges and crises, thus promoting regional peace and stability.

 

中国政府秉持和平合作、开放包容、互学互鉴、互利共赢的丝绸之路精神,致力于推动联合国制定的《2030年可持续发展议程》在海洋领域的落实,愿与21世纪海上丝绸之路沿线各国一道开展全方位、多领域的海上合作,共同打造开放、包容的合作平台,建立积极务实的蓝色伙伴关系,铸造可持续发展的“蓝色引擎”。

 

China advocates the Silk Road Spirit - “peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit”, and exerts efforts to implement the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the field of coasts and oceans. China is willing to work closely with countries along the Road, engage in all-dimensional and broad-scoped maritime cooperation and build open and inclusive cooperation platforms, and establish a constructive and pragmatic Blue Partnership to forge a “blue engine” for sustainable development.

 

二、合作原则

II. Principles

 

求同存异,凝聚共识。维护国际海洋秩序,尊重沿线国多样化的海洋发展理念,照顾彼此关切,弥合认知差异,求大同,存小异,广泛协商,逐步达成合作共识。

 

Shelving differences and building consensus. We call for efforts to uphold the existing international ocean order, and to respect diversified concepts of ocean development in the countries along the Road. Concerns of all parties involved will be accommodated, differences bridged, common ground sought and consensus achieved.

 

开放合作,包容发展。进一步开放市场,改善投资环境,消除贸易壁垒,促进贸易和投资便利化。增强政治互信,加强不同文明之间的对话,倡导包容发展、和谐共生。

 

Openness, cooperation and inclusive development. We advocate further opening up the market, improving the investment environment, eliminating trade barriers and facilitating trade and investment. Mutual political trust will be sought, inter-civilizational dialogue strengthened, and inclusive development and harmonious coexistence promoted.

 

市场运作,多方参与。遵循市场规律和国际通行规则,充分发挥企业的主体作用。支持建立多利益攸关方伙伴关系,推动各国政府、国际组织、民间社团、工商界等广泛参与海上合作。

 

Market-based operation and multi-stakeholder participation. We abide by market rules and international norms, giving play to the primary role of enterprises. We encourage the creation of stakeholder partnerships and promote the broad participation of governments, international organizations, civil society, and industrial and commercial sectors in ocean cooperation.

 

共商共建,利益共享。尊重沿线国发展意愿,兼顾各方利益,发挥各方比较优势,共谋合作、共同建设、共享成果,促进发展中国家消除贫困,推动形成海上合作的利益共同体。

 

Joint development and benefits sharing. We respect the will of the countries along the Road, take into account the interests of all parties and give play to the comparative strengths of each. We will plan together, develop together and share the fruits of cooperation. Together, we will help developing countries eradicate poverty and foster a community of shared interests.

 

三、合作思路

III. Framework

 

以海洋为纽带增进共同福祉、发展共同利益,以共享蓝色空间、发展蓝色经济为主线,加强与21世纪海上丝绸之路沿线国战略对接,全方位推动各领域务实合作,共同建设通畅安全高效的海上大通道,共同推动建立海上合作平台,共同发展蓝色伙伴关系,沿着绿色发展、依海繁荣、安全保障、智慧创新、合作治理的人海和谐发展之路相向而行,造福沿线各国人民。

 

Leveraging the ocean as the basis for enhancing common welfare, with the theme of sharing a blue space and developing the blue economy, China encourages countries along the Road to align their strategies, further all-around and pragmatic cooperation, and to jointly build unobstructed, safe and efficient maritime transport channels. Together, we will build platforms for maritime cooperation and develop the Blue Partnership, pursuing a path of harmony between man and the ocean, characterized by green development, ocean-based prosperity, maritime security, innovative growth and collaborative governance.

 

根据21世纪海上丝绸之路的重点方向,“一带一路”建设海上合作以中国沿海经济带为支撑,密切与沿线国的合作,连接中国-中南半岛经济走廊,经南海向西进入印度洋,衔接中巴、孟中印缅经济走廊,共同建设中国-印度洋-非洲-地中海蓝色经济通道;经南海向南进入太平洋,共建中国-大洋洲-南太平洋蓝色经济通道;积极推动共建经北冰洋连接欧洲的蓝色经济通道。

 

In line with the priorities of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, China will deepen ocean cooperation by fostering closer ties with countries along the Road, supported by the coastal economic belt in China. Ocean cooperation will focus on building the China-Indian Ocean-Africa- Mediterranean Sea Blue Economic Passage, by linking the China-Indochina Peninsula Economic Corridor, running westward from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean, and connecting the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor (BCIM-EC). Efforts will also be made to jointly build the blue economic passage of China-Oceania-South Pacific, travelling southward from the South China Sea into the Pacific Ocean. Another blue economic passage is also envisioned leading up to Europe via the Arctic Ocean.

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