双语:开放的中国与世界共赢——写在《中国与世界贸易组织》白皮书发表之际

摘要

Full Text: An Open China and a Win-Win World

《人民日报》刊登商务部部长钟山署名文章《开放的中国与世界共赢》

2018年7月2日,《人民日报》刊登商务部部长钟山署名文章“开放的中国与世界共赢——写在《中国与世界贸易组织》白皮书发表之际”,全文如下:

 

On July 2, 2018, Chinese Minister of Commerce Zhong Shan published a signed article on the People’s Daily under the title An Open China and a Win-Win World – On the Release of the White Paper “China and the World Trade Organization”. Following is the full text of the article.

 

开放的中国与世界共赢

An Open China and a Win-Win World

 

——写在《中国与世界贸易组织》白皮书发表之际

– On the Release of the White Paper “China and the World Trade Organization”

 

钟山

Zhong Shan

 

今年是我国改革开放40周年,加入世贸组织已走过17个年头。习近平总书记指出:“改革开放是中国和世界共同发展进步的伟大历程。”加入世贸组织以来,我国与世界的关系日益密切、不断加深,成为改革开放的生动实践。站在新起点,在习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想指引下,我国将坚定不移深化改革开放,支持完善多边贸易体制,推动全球贸易和投资自由化便利化,构建以合作共赢为核心的新型国际关系,打造人类命运共同体。

 

This year marks the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening-up and the 17th anniversary of its World Trade Organization (WTO) accession. President Xi Jinping stressed that “Reform and opening-up is a great process that has seen China and the rest of the world achieve development and progress together.” Since it joined the WTO, China’s relations with the rest of the world are increasingly close and deepened, a vivid example of China’s reform and opening-up. On the new starting point, China, guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, will steadfastly deepen reform and opening-up, support the improvement of the multilateral trading system, push forward liberalization and facilitation of global trade and investment, build a new type of international relations centered on win-win cooperation, and build a community with a shared future for mankind.

 

我国加入世贸组织促进了改革开放进程。

China’s accession to the WTO has delivered a strong boost to its reform and opening-up process.

 

2001年加入世贸组织,是我国深度参与经济全球化的里程碑,标志着我国改革开放进入历史新阶段。习近平总书记指出:“当年,中国对经济全球化也有过疑虑,对加入世界贸易组织也有过忐忑。但是,我们认为,融入世界经济是历史大方向,中国经济要发展,就要敢于到世界市场的汪洋大海中去游泳,如果永远不敢到大海中去经风雨、见世面,总有一天会在大海中溺水而亡。所以,中国勇敢迈向了世界市场。在这个过程中,我们呛过水,遇到过漩涡,遇到过风浪,但我们在游泳中学会了游泳。这是正确的战略抉择。”加入世贸组织以来,我国坚持以开放促改革促发展,在更大范围、更深层次上参与国际经济合作和竞争,激发市场活力,有力促进了改革开放进程。积极完善社会主义市场经济体制,大规模开展法律法规清理修订工作,健全市场体系,理顺政府和市场关系,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用,更好发挥政府作用。全面履行加入世贸组织承诺,货物贸易和服务贸易领域开放承诺分别于2010年和2007年全部履行完毕,外资准入门槛持续降低,知识产权保护力度不断加大,形成了全方位多层次宽领域的开放格局。着力增强国际竞争力,各行各业主动化压力为动力、化挑战为机遇,大力推进产业结构调整,积极融入全球价值链,在世界经济大海中搏击风浪,不断提升着竞争力和创新力。

 

In 2001, China acceded to the WTO. This was a milestone in China’s integration into economic globalization, marking a new historic stage of reform and opening-up. President Xi once said: “There was a time when China also had doubts about economic globalization, and was not sure whether it should join the World Trade Organization. But we came to the conclusion that integration into the global economy is a historic trend. To grow its economy, China must have the courage to swim in the vast ocean of the global market. If one is always afraid of bracing the storm and exploring the new world, he will sooner or later get drowned in the ocean. Therefore, China took a brave step to embrace the global market. We have had our fair share of choking in the water and encountered whirlpools and choppy waves, but we have learned how to swim in this process. It has proved to be a right strategic choice.” Since its accession to the WTO, China has pressed ahead with reform and development by opening up while taking part in international economic cooperation and competition on a larger scale and at a deeper level, unleashing market dynamics and effectively advancing the reform and opening-up process. We have actively improved the socialist market economy system, extensively reviewed and revised laws and regulations and strengthened the market system to straighten out the relationship between the government and the market so that the market plays a decisive role in resources allocation and the government plays its role better. China has comprehensively honored its WTO commitments, with commitments for goods and services delivered in full in 2010 and 2007 respectively, a continuously lowering threshold for foreign investment, and strengthening protection for intellectual property in a landscape of all-dimensional, multi-tiered and wide-ranging open-up. Efforts are made to boost international competitiveness as all sectors turn pressure into driving force and make opportunities out of challenges to advance industrial restructuring and integrate into global value chains with enhanced competitiveness and innovation to weather the storms of the world economy.

 

我国加入世贸组织以来为世界作出了重要贡献。

Since its accession to the WTO, China has made important contributions to the world.

 

我国加入世贸组织,既发展了自己,也造福了世界。习近平总书记指出:“观察中国发展,要看中国人民得到了什么收获,更要看中国人民付出了什么辛劳;要看中国取得了什么成就,更要看中国为世界作出了什么贡献。”加入世贸组织以来的17年,是我国不断扩大对外开放的17年,也是不断以开放促改革促发展的17年,更是持续为世界作出重要贡献的17年。中国因素让世界经济更有动力。加入世贸组织显著拓宽了我国开放空间,我国全面深化全球开放合作,深入推进“一带一路”建设,贸易投资规模迅速扩大,为世界经济提供了强劲引擎。2001年至2017年,我国货物贸易、服务贸易进口额累计分别达20万亿美元、3.7万亿美元,对外直接投资超过1.1万亿美元,吸收外商直接投资超过1.6万亿美元,为各国创造了大量贸易机会、投资机会和就业岗位。党的十八大以来,我国对世界经济增长贡献率超过30%,成为世界经济主要稳定器和动力源。中国因素让全球发展更加包容。我国秉持多边贸易体制开放、透明、包容、非歧视等基本原则,致力于让不同国家、不同阶层、不同人群共享经济全球化的好处。宣布举办中国国际进口博览会,主动向世界开放市场,为各国共享中国发展红利搭建新平台。目前我国已成为120多个国家和地区的主要贸易伙伴,已对36个建交且已完成换文手续的最不发达国家97%税目产品实施了零关税。加大对发展中国家特别是最不发达国家援助力度,帮助发展中国家更好融入全球价值链。中国因素让全球经济治理体系更趋完善。我国坚持平等协商、携手合作,倡导建设开放型世界经济,支持世贸组织、二十国集团、亚太经合组织、金砖国家等多边和区域机制发挥更大作用,支持扩大发展中国家在国际经贸事务中的代表性和发言权,提出更多中国倡议、中国方案、中国主张,为推动全球经济治理体系朝着更加公正合理的方向发展贡献了智慧和力量。

 

Accession to the WTO has boosted China’s development and benefited the rest of the world. President Xi Jinping once noted, “When assessing China’s development, one should not only see what benefits the Chinese people have gained, but also how much hard effort they have put in; not just what achievements China has made, but also what contribution China has made to the world.” Over the past 17 years since it became a member to the WTO, China has opened its door wider and wider, promoted reform and growth through opening-up and contributed greatly and continuously to the world. China has added impetus to the world economy. Acceding to the WTO has markedly widened the room of opening-up in the country. China has comprehensively deepened opening-up and international cooperation, and pressed ahead with the Belt and Road Initiative. Trade and investment in China have soared, fueling growth in the world economy. Between 2001 and 2007, the value of goods and services imports totaled 20 trillion U.S. dollars and 3.7 trillion dollars respectively. China’s foreign direct investment and outward direct investment exceeded 1.1 trillion dollars and 1.6 trillion dollars respectively, creating plenty of trade and investment opportunities as well as jobs. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, China has become the main stabilizer and powerhouse of the world economy, with its contribution to global growth surpassing 30 percent. China has made global development more inclusive. Upholding the fundamental principles of openness, transparency, inclusiveness, and non-discrimination of the multilateral trading system, China is committed to sharing benefits of economic globalization among different countries, groups and communities. China takes the initiative to open up its market by announcing the China International Import Expo to be hosted as a new platform for countries to share the dividend of China’s development. China has become a key trading partner for more than 120 countries and regions, and accorded zero tariff treatment on 97 percent of tariff lines to 36 least developed countries (LDCs) that have diplomatic relations with China and completed the exchange of notes. China has offered more assistance to developing countries, especially the LDCs, to help them better integrate into the global value chain. China has helped improve the global economic governance system. China advocates equal consultation and cooperation and advocates an open world economy. China supports the WTO, G20, APEC, BRICS and other multilateral and regional mechanisms in playing a bigger role, and developing countries in gaining greater representation and say in international business affairs. China has put forward more initiatives, plans and proposals, offering wisdom and strength to a more fair and reasonable global economic governance system.

 

新时代中国将坚持走开放共赢之路。

China will stick to an open and win-win path in the new era.

 

开放是国家繁荣发展的必由之路。习近平总书记指出:“实践证明,过去40年中国经济发展是在开放条件下取得的,未来中国经济实现高质量发展也必须在更加开放条件下进行。”当前,世界正处在大发展大变革大调整时期,世界经济复苏艰难曲折,经济全球化出现波折,单边主义和保护主义抬头,各国面临许多共同挑战。新形势下,中国将坚持对外开放基本国策,积极促进“一带一路”国际合作,始终谋求开放创新、包容互惠的发展前景。坚定不移推动更高水平开放,大幅度放宽市场准入,创造更有吸引力的投资环境,实行高水平的贸易和投资自由化便利化政策,探索建设中国特色自由贸易港,推动形成全面开放新格局。坚定不移推动建设开放型世界经济,维护世贸组织规则,支持多边贸易体制,推进区域经济一体化,促进自由贸易区建设,反对各种形式的保护主义,主动开放市场,推动经济全球化朝着更加开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的方向发展。坚定不移推动构建人类命运共同体,秉持共商共建共享的全球治理观,推动构建总体稳定、均衡发展的大国关系框架,按照亲诚惠容理念深化与周边国家合作,坚持正确义利观和真实亲诚理念加强与发展中国家合作,积极承担国际责任和义务,推进国际经济合作与交流,促进共同发展。

 

Opening-up is the path China must take to achieve prosperity and development. President Xi Jinping pointed out that “What has happened proves that opening-up was key to China’s economic growth over the past 40 years and in the same vein, high-quality development of China’s economy in the future can only be achieved with greater openness”. At present, the world is undergoing great development, transformation and adjustment. The road to world economic recovery is hard and tortuous; economic globalization experiences twists and turns; and unilateralism and protectionism are on the rise. These are the challenges facing all countries. Under the new conditions, China will adhere to its fundamental national policy of opening-up, actively promote international cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative, and strive to create a future that is open, innovative, inclusive and mutually beneficial. We will unswervingly promote opening-up on a higher level, significantly relax market access, create a more attractive environment to investment, implement high-standard policies of trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, explore building free trade ports with Chinese characteristics, and make new ground in pursuing opening-up on all fronts. We firmly support an open world economy, defend WTO rules, support the multilateral trading system, promote regional economic integration, facilitate the building of free trade areas, oppose protectionism in all its forms and manifestations, take the initiative in opening the market, and push economic globalization in the direction of becoming more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. China remains committed to building a community with a shared future for mankind, follows the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration in engaging in global governance, and works to build a framework for major country relations featuring overall stability and balanced development. China will deepen relations with its neighbors in accordance with the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness. China will, guided by the principle of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests and the principle of sincerity, real results, affinity, and good faith, work to strengthen solidarity and cooperation with other developing countries. China will fulfill its international responsibilities and obligations, advance international economic cooperation and exchanges, and promote common development.

 

纵观世界发展大势,经济全球化是不可逆转的时代潮流。以世贸组织为核心的多边贸易体制是国际贸易的基石,是全球贸易健康有序发展的支柱。中国将坚持做多边贸易体制的积极参与者、坚定维护者和重要贡献者,以高水平开放推动高质量发展,在扩大开放中与各国分享机会和利益。这是中国基于发展需要作出的战略抉择,同时也是在以实际行动推动经济全球化造福世界各国人民。

 

Economic globalization is an irreversible trend of the time. The multilateral trading system, with the WTO at its core, underpins international trade and enables its healthy and orderly development. China will continue to be an active participant in, steadfast supporter of, and important contributor to the multilateral trading system. China will pursue high-quality development with high-standard opening-up, and share the opportunities and benefits with other countries as it opens up further. This is a strategic decision based on China’s own development needs, and a concrete action to deliver the benefits of economic globalization to people around the world.

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