口译:习近平主席在第二届中国国际进口博览会开幕式上的主旨演讲

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Full Text: Keynote speech by President Xi Jinping at the Opening Ceremony of the 2nd China International Import Expo

习近平出席第二届中国国际进口博览会开幕式并发表主旨演讲

开放合作 命运与共

Openness and Cooperation for a Shared Future

 

——在第二届中国国际进口博览会开幕式上的主旨演讲

– Keynote Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Second China International Import Expo

 

中华人民共和国主席 习近平

H.E. Xi Jinping, President of the People’s Republic of China

 

2019年11月5日,上海

Shanghai, 5 November 2019

 

尊敬的马克龙总统,

尊敬的霍尔尼斯总理、米佐塔基斯总理、布尔纳比奇总理,

尊敬的各位议长,

尊敬的各位国际组织负责人,

尊敬的各代表团团长,

各位来宾,

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

 

Your Excellency President Emmanuel Macron,

Your Excellencies Prime Minister Andrew Holness, Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, and Prime Minister Ana Brnabić,

Your Excellencies Speakers of Parliament,

Your Excellencies Heads of International Organizations,

Your Excellencies Heads of Delegations,

Distinguished Guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

 

在这多彩的深秋时节,很高兴同大家相聚在黄浦江畔。现在,我宣布,第二届中国国际进口博览会正式开幕!

 

In this lovely season tinted with deep autumn hues, it gives me great pleasure to get together with you by the Huangpu River. I now declare open the second China International Import Expo!

 

首先,我谨代表中国政府和中国人民,并以我个人的名义,对远道而来的各位嘉宾,表示热烈的欢迎!向来自世界各地的新老朋友们,致以诚挚的问候和良好的祝愿!

 

At the outset, on behalf of the Chinese government and people as well as in my own name, a hearty welcome to all the distinguished guests from afar! To the many old and new friends gathered here from across the world, I give you my warm greetings and best wishes!

 

一年前,我们在这里成功举办首届中国国际进口博览会。今天,更多朋友如约而至。本届中国国际进口博览会延续“新时代,共享未来”的主题。我相信,各位朋友都能乘兴而来、满意而归!

 

A year ago in this same place, the inaugural China International Import Expo was successfully held. Today, we are happy to be joined by even more friends in the second Expo that carries on the theme of “New Era, Shared Future”. I trust that you will all find your participation in the event worthwhile and rewarding!

 

女士们、先生们、朋友们!

 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

 

去年,我在首届进博会上宣布了中国扩大对外开放的5方面举措,对上海提出了3点开放要求。一年来,这些开放措施已经基本落实。其中,上海自由贸易试验区临港新片区已经正式设立,我们还在其他省份新设6个自由贸易试验区;上海证券交易所设立科创板并试点注册制已经正式实施;长三角区域一体化发展已经作为国家战略正式实施;外商投资法将于明年1月1日起实行;全面实施准入前国民待遇加负面清单管理制度已经出台;扩大进口促进消费、进一步降低关税等取得重大进展。去年,我在进博会期间举行的双边活动中同有关国家达成98项合作事项,其中23项已经办结,47项取得积极进展,28项正在加紧推进。

 

At last year’s Expo, I announced the initiatives China was to take in the five areas of further opening-up and spelt out three specific steps for Shanghai to open wider to the world. One year on, these initiatives and steps have been by and large put in place. The Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone now has a Lingang special area, and six other new pilot free trade zones have been set up in other provinces of the country. The Shanghai Stock Exchange launched a sci-tech innovation board, with a registration system being piloted for the listing of companies. In the Yangtze River Delta area, a plan for integrated development of the region has been introduced as a national strategy. At the national level, a Foreign Investment Law will enter into force on 1 January next year. A management system combining pre-establishment national treatment and the negative list has been effected nationwide. Major progress is being made in increasing imports to boost consumption and in bringing down the tariff level. For last year’s Expo, during my bilateral events with foreign leaders, 98 initiatives were agreed upon, of which 23 have now been completed, 47 are making good progress, and 28 are on track of steady implementation.

 

女士们、先生们、朋友们!

 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

 

经济全球化是历史潮流。长江、尼罗河、亚马孙河、多瑙河昼夜不息、奔腾向前,尽管会出现一些回头浪,尽管会遇到很多险滩暗礁,但大江大河奔腾向前的势头是谁也阻挡不了的。

 

Economic globalization represents the trend of history. Like the world’s great rivers, the Yangtze, the Nile, the Amazon and the Danube – they all surge forward in relentless flow, and nothing can stop their mighty movement, not the current of undertows or hidden shoals or rocks beneath the water.

 

世界经济发展面临的难题,没有哪一个国家能独自解决。各国应该坚持人类优先的理念,而不应把一己之利凌驾于人类利益之上。我们要以更加开放的心态和举措,共同把全球市场的蛋糕做大、把全球共享的机制做实、把全球合作的方式做活,共同把经济全球化动力搞得越大越好、阻力搞得越小越好。

 

Of the problems confronting the world economy, none can be resolved by a single country alone. We must all put the common good of humanity first rather than place one’s own interest above the common interest of all. We must have a more open mindset and take more open steps, and work together to make the pie of the global market even bigger. We need to strengthen the mechanisms for sharing benefits globally, and explore new ways of international cooperation. The goal is to give more impetus to economic globalization and remove impediments as much as we could.

 

为此,我愿提出以下几点倡议。

 

For that to happen, I want to propose the following:

 

第一,共建开放合作的世界经济。当今世界,全球价值链、供应链深入发展,你中有我、我中有你,各国经济融合是大势所趋。距离近了,交往多了,难免会有磕磕碰碰。面对矛盾和摩擦,协商合作才是正道。只要平等相待、互谅互让,就没有破解不了的难题。我们应该坚持以开放求发展,深化交流合作,坚持“拉手”而不是“松手”,坚持“拆墙”而不是“筑墙”,坚决反对保护主义、单边主义,不断削减贸易壁垒,推动全球价值链、供应链更加完善,共同培育市场需求。

 

First, let us work together to build an open world economy through cooperation. As global value and supply chains continue to develop, countries are inter-connected with each other, and integration of their economy is the order of the day. Distances between countries are getting shorter, and interactions among countries are growing, hence the probability of differences and frictions. The right solution lies in consultation and cooperation. All problems could be settled in the spirit of equality, mutual understanding and accommodation. We need to promote development through opening-up and deepen exchanges and cooperation among us. We need to “join hands” with each other instead of “letting go” of each other’s hands. We need to “tear down walls”, not to “erect walls”. We need to stand firm against protectionism and unilateralism. We need to continually bring down trade barriers, optimize global value and supply chains, and jointly foster market demand.

 

第二,共建开放创新的世界经济。创新发展是引领世界经济持续发展的必然选择。当前,新一轮科技革命和产业变革正处在实现重大突破的历史关口。各国应该加强创新合作,推动科技同经济深度融合,加强创新成果共享,努力打破制约知识、技术、人才等创新要素流动的壁垒,支持企业自主开展技术交流合作,让创新源泉充分涌流。为了更好运用知识的创造以造福人类,我们应该共同加强知识产权保护,而不是搞知识封锁,制造甚至扩大科技鸿沟。

 

Second, let us work together to build an open world economy with innovation. Innovation-driven development is essential to sustained growth of the world economy. What we are seeing is a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation. It has reached a historic juncture when major breakthroughs are within sight. Countries need to step up cooperation in innovation. We need to facilitate integration of science and technology with economic growth, and increase the sharing of innovation results. We need to remove barriers that hamper the flow of knowledge, technology, talents and other factors of innovation, and support our businesses in technical exchanges and cooperation on their own accord. This is a way to unleash the potential for innovation. And, to benefit mankind with the better use of knowledge, we need to tighten the protection of intellectual property. The least desirable is for us to stifle the flow of knowledge, or to create or even widen the technology divide among us.

 

第三,共建开放共享的世界经济。我们应该谋求包容互惠的发展前景,共同维护以联合国宪章宗旨和原则为基础的国际秩序,坚持多边贸易体制的核心价值和基本原则,促进贸易和投资自由化便利化,推动经济全球化朝着更加开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的方向发展。我们应该落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程,加大对最不发达国家支持力度,让发展成果惠及更多国家和民众。

 

Third, let us work together to build an open world economy for mutual benefits. We need to work toward the vision of inclusive and mutually beneficial development. We need to work together to safeguard the international order underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, uphold the core values and basic principles of the multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and make economic globalization more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. We need to work in real earnest to implement the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and increase support for the Least Developed Countries so that the benefits of development will reach more countries and peoples.

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