双语:国务委员兼外交部长王毅答记者问(2019年)

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Full Transcript: Foreign Minister Wang Yi Meets the Press

王毅2019年答中外记者问

国务委员兼外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问

State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi Meets the Press

 

2019年3月8日,十三届全国人大二次会议在两会新闻中心举行记者会,邀请国务委员兼外交部长王毅就中国外交政策和对外关系回答中外记者提问。

 

On 8 March 2019, the Second Session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) held a press conference, at which State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi answered questions from Chinese and foreign media about China’s foreign policy and external relations.

 

王毅:各位记者朋友,大家上午好!很高兴又在一年一度的两会期间同大家见面。首先,我还是要再次向在场的女士和所有女同胞们致以节日的祝福。过去一年,面对纷繁复杂的国际形势,中国外交在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,保持定力,与时俱进,又取得了新的重要成就。今天,我愿尽可能全面地介绍中国的外交政策,进一步增进中国与世界的相互了解。现在,我愿回答大家的提问。

 

Wang Yi: Friends from the media, good morning. It’s my great pleasure to host this annual press conference again on the margins of the National People’s Congress Session. As always, let me begin by extending festive greetings to all women, including those in this room. Looking back at the past year, we in China’s diplomatic service, under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, navigated the complex international currents, forged ahead with a clear sense of purpose, and made new and important strides. Today, I will try to give you a full picture of China’s foreign policy and do my best to improve understanding between China and the rest of the world. Now, I’d be happy to take your questions.

 

《人民日报》记者:今年是新中国成立70周年。您认为新中国外交70年来最重要的成就和经验是什么?这在当前形势下有何重要意义?

 

People’s Daily: The year 2019 marks 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). What are the most important achievements and experience of China’s diplomacy in these seven decades? How do they inform what you’re doing today?

 

王毅:今年是新中国成立70周年。70年来,在中国共产党坚强正确领导下,中国人民团结奋斗,砥砺前行,取得了举世瞩目的巨大成就;中国外交开拓进取,攻坚克难,走过了波澜壮阔的历史征程。正如习近平总书记指出,中国日益走近世界舞台的中央。

 

Wang Yi: Indeed, 2019 marks 70 years since the founding of the PRC. Under the strong and correct leadership of the CPC, our people have forged ahead as one in the last 70 years and made great strides that have truly impressed the world. On the diplomatic front as well, we have broken new ground, overcome many difficulties and traveled an extraordinary journey. As General Secretary Xi Jinping has rightly stated, China is ever closer to the world’s center stage.

 

中国外交的辉煌成就,首先归功于党的领导。这是中国外交最根本的政治保障。70年来,中国共产党与时俱进,不断丰富发展具有中国特色的外交理论体系,形成了一系列优良传统和鲜明特色。独立自主是中国外交的基石,天下为公是中国外交的胸怀,公平正义是中国外交的坚守,互利共赢是中国外交的追求,服务发展是中国外交的使命,外交为民是中国外交的宗旨。2018年,中央外事工作会议确立了习近平外交思想的指导地位,这是新中国外交理论建设具有划时代意义的重大成果,为进入新时代的中国外交提供了根本遵循,也为探索解决当今世界各种复杂问题指明了方向。

 

Our diplomatic accomplishments are due, first and foremost, to the leadership of the Party, which is the fundamental political guarantee for China’s diplomacy. For seven decades, the Party has advanced with the times, developed a rich body of diplomatic theories with Chinese characteristics and established a fine tradition with distinctive features. They include: independence as a cornerstone of China’s foreign policy, concern for the common good of humanity, pursuit of equity and justice, commitment to win-win outcomes, the mission of facilitating domestic development, and dedication to serving the Chinese people. At last year’s Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs, Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy was established as our guideline, an epoch-making milestone in the development of New China’s diplomatic theories. It sets the fundamental course for our diplomacy in the new era and points the way for navigating through the complex array of issues in today’s world.

 

当今世界正处于百年未有之大变局。中国外交正站在新的历史起点。我们将在以习近平同志为核心的党中央领导下,全面贯彻落实习近平外交思想,不忘初心,牢记使命,坚持和平发展道路,践行合作共赢理念,维护现有国际体系,承担更多国际责任,既为实现民族复兴创造更为有利的外部条件,又为维护世界和平、促进人类进步作出新的更大贡献。

 

The world is experiencing profound shifts unseen in a century. Chinese diplomacy has reached a new starting point. Led by the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, we will fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, uphold our founding principles and keep our mission firmly in mind. We will remain committed to the path of peaceful development, work for win-win outcomes, uphold the existing international system and shoulder more international responsibilities. We will both strive to create a better environment for China’s rejuvenation and make new and greater contributions to world peace and human progress.

 

韩联社记者:朝美领导人第二次会晤未取得成果,半岛局势再次变得复杂难测。对于朝鲜半岛无核化和建立半岛和平机制,今年中方将发挥怎样的作用?

 

Yonhap News Agency: The second DPRK-US summit did not produce any agreement, making the situation on the Korean Peninsula more complicated and unpredictable. What will China do this year to facilitate denuclearization and the establishment of a peace regime on the peninsula?

 

王毅:朝美领导人河内会晤是政治解决半岛核问题进程中的重要一步。双方能够克服障碍,再次聚首,面对面坦诚交换意见,这本身就是积极进展,就值得充分肯定。国际社会应当鼓励朝美双方保持耐心,沿着推进半岛无核化、建立半岛和平机制的正确方向继续前行。只要对话不停,方向不变,半岛无核化的目标最终一定会得以实现。当然,半岛核问题延宕几十年,各种矛盾错综复杂,解决起来不可能一蹴而就。各方对此应有理性预期,不应从一开始就设置过高的门槛,也不应单方面提出不切实际的要求。解决问题的关键是,各方都要跳出历史的局限,打破互不信任的魔咒。解决问题的途径是,共同制定出实现半岛无核化和建立和平机制的总体路线图,在此基础上,按照分阶段、同步走思路,明确每个阶段相互联系、相互促进的具体措施,在各方同意的监督机制下,由易到难,循序推进。

 

Wang Yi: The Hanoi summit was an important step toward a political settlement of the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula. The fact that DPRK and US leaders overcame obstacles to meet again for a candid, face-to-face discussion itself represents a positive development that must be applauded. The international community should encourage both sides to have patience and keep moving toward the goal of denuclearizing the peninsula and establishing a peace regime. If the parties continue their dialogue and stay the course, the day will come when the denuclearization of the peninsula will become a reality. Of course, as the nuclear issue has dragged on for decades and complicated factors are at play, one cannot expect it to be solved overnight. All parties need to have reasonable expectations. One shouldn’t set the bar too high at the outset or make unilateral, unrealistic demands. The key to solving the issue lies in not being a prisoner of history and breaking the cycle of mistrust. As we see it, it would be useful to jointly work out a general roadmap for denuclearization and the establishment of a peace regime. Based on the roadmap and in a phased and synchronized fashion, we may identify specific, interlinked and mutually reinforcing steps, which will be taken in sequence, starting with the easier ones, and monitored in a way agreed to by the parties.

 

中国在朝鲜半岛问题上始终坚持无核化目标,坚持对话协商解决问题,坚持维护半岛和平稳定,我们已经为此努力了20多年,中国的作用不可替代。下一步,中方将与各方一道,朝着既定目标继续作出我们的贡献。

 

China’s position on the issue has been consistent. We are committed to achieving the denuclearization of the peninsula, to solving the issue through dialogue and to maintaining peace and stability on the peninsula. We have been working for these goals for over 20 years and our role has been irreplaceable. China will, along with the other parties, continue to contribute to meeting these goals.

 

中阿卫视记者:今年中方将举办第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。您能否介绍有多少国家的领导人将出席?中方对本届论坛有何期待?

 

China Arab TV: China will host the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation this year. Can you give us an indication of how many foreign leaders are going to attend and what China hopes the forum will achieve?

 

王毅:在各方热切期盼下,第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛将于4月下旬在北京举办。这是今年中国最重要的主场外交,也将是又一次全球瞩目的国际盛会。届时,习近平主席将出席高峰论坛开幕式并发表主旨演讲,全程主持领导人圆桌峰会。此外,还将举行高级别会议、分论坛和工商活动等系列活动。

 

Wang Yi: The much-anticipated second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) will be held in Beijing in late April. It’s the most important diplomatic event China will host this year and an international gathering that will capture the world’s attention. President Xi will give a keynote address at the opening ceremony and chair a leaders’ roundtable. There will also be a high-level meeting, thematic forums and a CEO conference.

 

第二届论坛有三个鲜明特点:一是规格更高,预定出席的外国国家元首和政府首脑人数将明显超过首届论坛。二是规模更大,届时将有来自100多个国家的数千名各界代表与会。三是活动更丰富,将举办12场推动务实合作的分论坛,还将首次举办企业家大会,为工商界对接合作搭建平台。

 

The second BRF has three things to watch for: First, the number of foreign heads of state and government expected to attend will be much larger than that of the first BRF. Second, it will be a much bigger gathering with thousands of delegates from over 100 countries. Third, there will be more side events including 12 thematic forums focusing on practical cooperation and, for the first time, a conference organized specifically for the business community.

 

本届高峰论坛的主题是“共建‘一带一路’,开创美好未来”,核心是推动“一带一路”合作实现高质量发展。我们期待同各方深入交换意见,共商合作大计:

 

With the theme of “Belt and Road Cooperation: Shaping a Brighter Shared Future”, the second BRF aims to bring about high-quality cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). China looks forward to a full exchange of views on future cooperation plans.

 

我们将同各方就高质量发展汇聚共识,坚持共商共建共享的原则,倡导开放透明包容的理念,追求绿色环保可持续的发展。

 

China will build consensus with the parties on high-quality development, follow the principle of consultation and cooperation for shared benefits, champion an open, transparent and inclusive approach to BRI cooperation, and strive for green and sustainable development.

 

我们将与各国进一步对接发展战略,打造新一批重点合作项目,推动落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程,在深化合作的过程中更加重视民生的改善。

 

China and the participating countries will seek greater complementarity between the BRI and their development strategies, agree on a line-up of key cooperation projects, promote the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and pay more attention to improving the lives of the ordinary people as we deepen our cooperation.

 

我们将以共赢理念为指引,以互联互通为主线,以增添共同发展动力为目标,打造更紧密的伙伴关系。

 

China will act in the spirit of win-win, focus on improving physical connectivity, build a stronger momentum for common development and forge an even closer partnership.

 

我们将坚持开放合作,支持经济全球化,维护多边主义,携手构建开放型世界经济。

 

China will champion open and inclusive cooperation, support economic globalization, uphold multilateralism and work with all to make the world economy an open one.

 

正如习近平主席所说,“一带一路”倡议源于中国,成果属于世界。我们期待并相信,第二届高峰论坛一定会圆满成功,成为共建“一带一路”进程中一座新的里程碑。

 

As President Xi has said, the BRI originates in China, but its benefits are shared by the world. We have reason to hope and believe that the second BRF will be a great success and another milestone in BRI cooperation.

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