双语:2019年政府工作报告

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摘要

Full Text: Report on the Work of the Government 2019

李克强总理作2019年政府工作报告

政府工作报告

Report on the Work of the Government

 

——2019年3月5日在第十三届全国人民代表大会第二次会议上

Second Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China, March 2019

 

国务院总理 李克强

Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council

 

各位代表:

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协委员提出意见。

 

On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government and ask for your deliberation and approval. I also invite comments from members of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

 

一、2018年工作回顾

I. 2018 in Review

 

过去一年是全面贯彻党的十九大精神开局之年,是本届政府依法履职第一年。我国发展面临多年少有的国内外复杂严峻形势,经济出现新的下行压力。在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,砥砺奋进,攻坚克难,完成全年经济社会发展主要目标任务,决胜全面建成小康社会又取得新的重大进展。

 

The year 2018 was the first year for putting the guiding principles of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China fully into effect. It was also this government’s first to perform, in accordance with law, the functions of office. In pursuing development this year, China faced a complicated and challenging domestic and international environment of a kind rarely seen in many years, and its economy came under new downward pressure.

 

Under the firm leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, we, the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, forged ahead and overcame difficulties. The year’s main targets for economic and social development were accomplished, and in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we made major progress toward a decisive victory.

 

——经济运行保持在合理区间。国内生产总值增长6.6%,总量突破90万亿元。经济增速与用电、货运等实物量指标相匹配。居民消费价格上涨2.1%。国际收支基本平衡。城镇新增就业1361万人、调查失业率稳定在5%左右的较低水平。近14亿人口的发展中大国,实现了比较充分就业。

 

The main economic indicators were kept within an appropriate range. Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 6.6 percent, exceeding 90 trillion yuan. Economic growth matched electricity consumption, freight transport, and other indicators. Consumer prices rose by 2.1 percent. In the balance of payments a basic equilibrium was maintained. A further 13.61 million new urban jobs were added, and the surveyed unemployment rate remained stable at a comparatively low level of around 5 percent. As a big developing country with a population close to 1.4 billion, we have attained relatively full employment.

 

——经济结构不断优化。消费拉动经济增长作用进一步增强。服务业对经济增长贡献率接近60%,高技术产业、装备制造业增速明显快于一般工业,农业再获丰收。单位国内生产总值能耗下降3.1%。质量和效益继续提升。

 

Economic structure was further improved. Consumption continued to play an increasing role in driving economic growth. The service sector’s contribution to growth approached 60 percent. Growth in high-tech industries and equipment manufacturing outstripped that of other industries. Harvests were again good. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 3.1 percent. The quality and returns of growth continued to improve.

 

——发展新动能快速成长。嫦娥四号等一批重大科技创新成果相继问世。新兴产业蓬勃发展,传统产业加快转型升级。大众创业万众创新深入推进,日均新设企业超过1.8万户,市场主体总量超过1亿户。新动能正在深刻改变生产生活方式、塑造中国发展新优势。

 

New growth drivers grew rapidly. A number of major scientific and technological innovations were made, like the Chang’e-4 lunar probe. Emerging industries thrived and traditional industries saw faster transformation and upgrading. Business startups and innovation continued to surge nationwide, with an average of over 18,000 new businesses opening daily and the total number of market entities passing the 100 million mark. New growth drivers are now profoundly changing our mode of production and way of life, creating new strengths for China’s development.

 

——改革开放取得新突破。国务院及地方政府机构改革顺利实施。重点领域改革迈出新的步伐,市场准入负面清单制度全面实行,简政放权、放管结合、优化服务改革力度加大,营商环境国际排名大幅上升。对外开放全方位扩大,共建“一带一路”取得重要进展。首届中国国际进口博览会成功举办,海南自贸试验区启动建设。货物进出口总额超过30万亿元,实际使用外资1383亿美元、稳居发展中国家首位。

 

New breakthroughs were made in reform and opening-up. Institutional reforms of both the State Council and local governments were implemented smoothly. New progress was made in reform in key fields. The negative list system for market access was put fully into effect. Reforms to streamline administration and delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services were intensified, and our business environment rose significantly in international rankings. Opening-up was expanded on all fronts, and joint efforts to pursue the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) made significant headway. The first China International Import Expo was a success. Work began on building the China (Hainan) Pilot Free Trade Zone. China’s total volume of trade in goods exceeded 30 trillion yuan, and its utilized foreign investment totaled US$138.3 billion, ranking China first among developing countries.

 

——三大攻坚战开局良好。防范化解重大风险,宏观杠杆率趋于稳定,金融运行总体平稳。精准脱贫有力推进,农村贫困人口减少1386万,易地扶贫搬迁280万人。污染防治得到加强,细颗粒物(PM2.5)浓度继续下降,生态文明建设成效显著。

 

The three critical battles got off to a good start. We forestalled and defused major risks. The macro leverage ratio trended toward a stable level; the financial sector was generally stable. Precision poverty alleviation made significant progress, with the rural poor population reduced by 13.86 million, including 2.8 million people assisted through relocation from inhospitable areas. Pollution prevention and control was strengthened, and PM2.5 concentrations continued to fall. Marked achievements were made in ecological conservation.

 

——人民生活持续改善。居民人均可支配收入实际增长6.5%。提高个人所得税起征点,设立6项专项附加扣除。加大基本养老、基本医疗等保障力度,资助各类学校家庭困难学生近1亿人次。棚户区住房改造620多万套,农村危房改造190万户。城乡居民生活水平又有新提高。

 

Living standards continued to improve. Per capita disposable personal income grew by 6.5 percent in real terms. The threshold for individual income tax was raised and six special additional deductions were created. Support for basic elderly care and basic health care was strengthened. Close to 100 million payments were made to assist students from families in financial difficulty, covering all school types. More than 6.2 million housing units were rebuilt in rundown urban areas and 1.9 million dilapidated rural houses were renovated. Urban and rural living standards continued to rise.

 

我们隆重庆祝改革开放40周年,深刻总结改革开放的伟大成就和宝贵经验,郑重宣示在新时代将改革开放进行到底的坚定决心,激励全国各族人民接续奋斗,再创新的历史伟业。

 

We solemnly commemorated the 40th anniversary of reform and opening-up, thoroughly reviewed its great achievements and the valuable experience gained in its pursuit, and pledged our resolve to see reform and opening-up through in the new era, thus galvanizing the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to continue their hard work to make new historic achievements.

 

回顾过去一年,成绩来之不易。我们面对的是深刻变化的外部环境。经济全球化遭遇波折,多边主义受到冲击,国际金融市场震荡,特别是中美经贸摩擦给一些企业生产经营、市场预期带来不利影响。我们面对的是经济转型阵痛凸显的严峻挑战。新老矛盾交织,周期性、结构性问题叠加,经济运行稳中有变、变中有忧。我们面对的是两难多难问题增多的复杂局面。实现稳增长、防风险等多重目标,完成经济社会发展等多项任务,处理好当前与长远等多种关系,政策抉择和工作推进的难度明显加大。经过全国上下共同努力,我国经济发展在高基数上总体平稳、稳中有进,社会大局保持稳定。这再次表明,在中国共产党领导下,中国人民有战胜任何艰难险阻的勇气、智慧和力量,中国的发展没有过不去的坎。

 

Looking back at the past year, we can see that our achievements did not come easily.

 

What we faced was profound change in our external environment. Setbacks in economic globalization, challenges to multilateralism, shocks in the international financial market, and especially the China-US economic and trade frictions, had an adverse effect on the production and business operations of some companies and on market expectations.

 

What we faced were severe challenges caused by the growing pains of economic transformation. An interlacing of old and new issues and a combination of cyclical and structural problems brought changes in what was a generally stable economic performance, some of which caused concern.

 

What we faced was a complicated terrain of increasing dilemmas. We had multiple targets to attain, like ensuring stable growth and preventing risks; multiple tasks to complete, like promoting economic and social development; and multiple relationships to handle, like that between short-term and long-term interests. And the difficulty of making policy choices and moving work forward increased markedly.

 

With the concerted efforts of the whole country, the Chinese economy, from a larger base, achieved generally stable growth while making further progress; and social stability was ensured. This once again shows that the Chinese people, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, have the courage, vision, and strength to prevail over any difficulty or obstacle. There is no difficulty that cannot be overcome in China’s pursuit of development!

 

一年来,我们深入贯彻以习近平同志为核心的党中央决策部署,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,统筹稳增长、促改革、调结构、惠民生、防风险,稳妥应对中美经贸摩擦,着力稳就业、稳金融、稳外贸、稳外资、稳投资、稳预期,主要做了以下工作。

 

Over the past year, we fully implemented all major policies and plans made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core. We followed the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, and worked holistically to maintain stable growth, advance reform, make structural adjustments, improve living standards, and guard against risks. We handled economic and trade frictions with the United States appropriately. We worked to ensure stable employment, a stable financial sector, stable foreign trade, stable foreign investment, stable domestic investment, and stable expectations. Our main work of the past year was as follows.

一是创新和完善宏观调控,经济保持平稳运行。面对新情况新变化,我们坚持不搞“大水漫灌”式强刺激,保持宏观政策连续性稳定性,在区间调控基础上加强定向、相机调控,主动预调、微调。坚持实施积极的财政政策,着力减税降费、补短板调结构。下调增值税税率,扩大享受税收优惠小微企业范围,出台鼓励研发创新等税收政策。全年为企业和个人减税降费约1.3万亿元。优化财政支出结构,盘活财政存量资金,重点领域支出得到保障。坚持实施稳健的货币政策,引导金融支持实体经济。针对融资难融资贵问题,先后4次降低存款准备金率,多措并举缓解民营和小微企业资金紧张状况,融资成本上升势头得到初步遏制。及时应对股市、债市异常波动,人民币汇率基本稳定,外汇储备保持在3万亿美元以上。

 

First, we developed new ways to improve macro regulation and ensured a generally stable economic performance.

 

Facing new circumstances and developments, we were firm in choosing not to adopt a deluge of strong stimulus policies, and we maintained the continuity and consistency of macro policies. As we conducted regulation to keep main economic indicators within an appropriate range, we also improved targeted and well-timed regulation, and carried out anticipatory adjustments and fine-tuning.

 

We continued to pursue a proactive fiscal policy, focusing on cutting taxes and fees, strengthening areas of weakness, and promoting structural adjustment. We reduced VAT rates and expanded the coverage of tax relief for small businesses with low profits, and introduced preferential tax policies to encourage R&D and innovation. Over the year, the tax and fee burden on enterprises and individuals was thus reduced by around 1.3 trillion yuan. We improved the composition of budgetary spending, put idle budgetary funds to use, and ensured spending in key areas.

 

We maintained a prudent monetary policy and encouraged financial support for the real economy. In response to the difficulties and high costs of financing, we reduced required reserve ratios four times, and applied a combination of measures to ease funding shortages faced by private enterprises and small and micro businesses. Initial success was thus made in curbing the rising cost of financing.

 

We promptly responded to abnormal fluctuations in the stock and bond markets, and kept the RMB exchange rate basically stable. China’s foreign exchange reserves were maintained at over US$3 trillion.

 

二是扎实打好三大攻坚战,重点任务取得积极进展。制定并有序实施三大攻坚战三年行动方案。稳步推进结构性去杠杆,稳妥处置金融领域风险,防控地方政府债务风险,改革完善房地产市场调控机制。深入推进精准脱贫,加强扶贫力量,加大资金投入,强化社会帮扶,贫困地区自我发展能力稳步提高。全面开展蓝天、碧水、净土保卫战。优化能源和运输结构。稳妥推进北方地区“煤改气”“煤改电”。全面建立河长制、湖长制。化肥农药使用量实现双下降。加强生态环保督察执法。积极应对气候变化。

 

Second, we took solid action in the three critical battles and made good progress in carrying out key tasks.

 

We drew up and began the systematic implementation of a three-year action plan for the three critical battles.

 

We made steady progress in structural deleveraging, handled risks in the financial sector prudently and appropriately, prevented and controlled local government debt risks, and reformed and improved mechanisms for conducting regulation over the real estate market.

 

We made further progress in precision poverty alleviation. We strengthened poverty relief capacity, increased budgetary input, and encouraged society to assist poverty alleviation. The self-development capacity of poverty-stricken areas was steadily enhanced.

 

We launched an all-out fight to keep our skies blue, our waters clear, and our land pollution-free. Energy and transportation structures were upgraded. The replacement of coal with natural gas and electricity in North China was steadily advanced. The system of river chiefs and lake chiefs was established across the country. The use of both chemical fertilizers and pesticides was reduced. Inspections and law enforcement for environmental protection were strengthened. And we took active steps to respond to climate change.

 

三是深化供给侧结构性改革,实体经济活力不断释放。加大“破、立、降”力度。推进钢铁、煤炭行业市场化去产能。实施稳投资举措,制造业投资、民间投资增速明显回升。出台促进居民消费政策。全面推进“互联网+”,运用新技术新模式改造传统产业。深入推进简政减税减费。取消一批行政许可事项,“证照分离”改革在全国推开,企业开办时间大幅压缩,工业生产许可证种类压减三分之一以上。“双随机、一公开”监管全面实施。清理规范各类涉企收费,推动降低用能、用网和物流等成本。深化“互联网+政务服务”,各地探索推广一批有特色的改革举措,企业和群众办事便利度不断提高。

 

Third, we deepened supply-side structural reform and steadily unleashed the dynamism of the real economy.

 

We strengthened work to cut ineffective supply, foster new growth drivers, and reduce costs in the real economy.

 

We made progress in using market mechanisms to cut capacity in the steel and coal industries.

 

Measures were implemented to ensure stable investment; as a result, investment in manufacturing and private investment rebounded markedly. Policies were adopted to stimulate consumer spending. Internet Plus initiatives were advanced across the board, and new technologies and models were used to transform traditional industries.

 

We deepened efforts to streamline government functions and cut taxes and fees. A number of government permits were abolished, the reform separating permits from the business license was implemented nationwide, the time needed to start a business was considerably shortened, and the types of industrial production permits were cut by over a third. Oversight conducted through the random selection of both inspectors and inspection targets and the prompt release of results was implemented nationwide.

 

We overhauled the charges and fees levied on businesses, and encouraged cuts in the cost of energy, broadband services, and logistics. We advanced the Internet Plus Government Services initiative, the local authorities explored and extended a number of distinctive reform measures, and both businesses and the public now enjoy increasingly better access to government services.

四是深入实施创新驱动发展战略,创新能力和效率进一步提升。大力优化创新生态,调动各类创新主体积极性。深化科技管理体制改革,推进关键核心技术攻关,加强重大科技基础设施、科技创新中心等建设。强化企业技术创新主体地位,将提高研发费用加计扣除比例政策扩大至所有企业。制定支持双创深入发展的政策措施。技术合同成交额增长30%以上。科技进步贡献率提高到58.5%。

 

Fourth, we continued to implement the innovation-driven development strategy and further increased innovation capacity and performance.

 

We greatly improved the innovation ecosystem to keep innovators of all kinds fully motivated. The reform of the management system for science and technology was deepened, steps were taken to achieve breakthroughs in core technologies for key fields, and the building of major science and technology infrastructure and innovation centers was stepped up.

 

We strengthened the principal position of enterprises in technological innovation, and extended the policy on raising the proportion of additional tax-deductible R&D costs to cover all enterprises.

 

We developed policies and measures to support innovation and business startups. The volume of contracted technology transactions grew by over 30 percent. The contribution of technological advances to economic growth has risen to 58.5 percent.

 

五是加大改革开放力度,发展动力继续增强。深化国资国企改革,国有企业优化重组、提质增效取得新进展。针对民营企业发展遇到的困难和问题,千方百计帮助解忧纾困。推进财税体制改革,预算绩效管理改革全面启动。改革金融监管体制,完善利率、汇率市场化形成机制。农业农村、社会事业、生态环保等领域改革不断深化。推出对外开放一系列重大举措。共建“一带一路”引领效应持续释放,同沿线国家的合作机制不断健全,经贸合作和人文交流加快推进。出台稳外贸政策,货物通关时间压缩一半以上。下调部分商品进口关税,关税总水平由9.8%降至7.5%。新设一批跨境电商综合试验区。复制推广自贸试验区改革经验。大幅压缩外资准入负面清单,扩大金融、汽车等行业开放,一批重大外资项目落地,新设外资企业增长近70%。

 

Fifth, we intensified reform and opening-up and continued to strengthen the momentum of development.

 

We deepened reforms of state capital and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and made new gains in upgrading and restructuring SOEs and in improving their quality and performance. In addressing difficulties and issues encountered by private enterprises, we used every feasible means to help them overcome problems and concerns.

 

We advanced the reform of the fiscal and tax systems, and launched performance-based budget management reform across the country. We reformed the financial regulatory system and improved the mechanisms through which interest rates and exchange rates are set by the market. Steady progress was made in reforms related to agriculture, rural affairs, social programs, and environmental protection.

 

In opening-up, we introduced a series of major moves. Joint efforts to pursue the Belt and Road Initiative are producing a pace-setting effect, cooperation mechanisms for countries along its routes are steadily improving, and economic cooperation, trade, and cultural and people-to-people exchanges under the Initiative have gathered momentum.

 

We launched policies to ensure steady growth in foreign trade, and cut the time needed for customs clearance by more than half. Import tariffs on some goods were lowered, and the overall tariff level was reduced from 9.8 to 7.5 percent.

 

A number of new integrated pilot zones for cross-border e-commerce were established. Reform measures proven to work in pilot free trade zones were replicated and applied elsewhere. We shortened significantly the negative list for foreign investment, opened up sectors like finance and automobiles wider to foreign competition, and sped up the implementation of a number of major foreign investment projects. The number of new foreign enterprises grew by nearly 70 percent.

 

六是统筹城乡区域发展,良性互动格局加快形成。乡村振兴战略有力实施,粮食总产量保持在1.3万亿斤以上。新型城镇化扎实推进,近1400万农业转移人口在城镇落户。推进西部开发、东北振兴、中部崛起、东部率先发展,出台一批改革创新举措。京津冀协同发展取得明显进展,长江经济带生态优先、绿色发展格局不断巩固。粤港澳大湾区规划建设迈出实质性步伐,港珠澳大桥建成通车。加大对革命老区、民族地区、边疆地区、贫困地区改革发展支持力度。新增高速铁路运营里程4100公里,新建改建高速公路6000多公里、农村公路30多万公里。城乡区域发展协调性持续增强。

 

Sixth, we pursued balanced development across rural and urban areas and regions and sped up the formation of a pattern of positive interplay.

 

The rural revitalization strategy was implemented with vigor; grain output was kept above 650 million metric tons. Solid progress was made in the pursuit of new urbanization, and close to 14 million people originally from rural areas gained permanent urban residency.

 

A full range of reforms and innovative measures were introduced to advance development in the western region, revitalize the northeast, energize the central region, and support the eastern region in spearheading development.

 

Major progress was made in boosting the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Along the Yangtze Economic Belt, efforts to prioritize ecological conservation and boost green development were strengthened.

 

Substantive steps were taken in the planning and building of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge was opened to traffic.

 

We expanded support for reforms and development in old revolutionary base areas, areas with large ethnic minority populations, border areas, and poor areas.

 

Another 4,100 kilometers of high-speed railways opened to traffic, and over 6,000 kilometers of expressways and more than 300,000 kilometers of rural roads were built or improved.

 

With all this, the balance in development between rural and urban areas and between regions has continuously improved.

 

七是坚持在发展中保障和改善民生,改革发展成果更多更公平惠及人民群众。针对外部环境变化给就业带来的影响,及时出台稳就业举措。大力推动义务教育教师工资待遇政策落实,加强乡村小规模学校和乡镇寄宿制学校建设,促进高等教育内涵式发展。建立企业职工基本养老保险基金中央调剂制度,提高退休人员基本养老金,城乡居民基础养老金最低标准从每月70元提高到88元。继续提高优抚、低保等标准,残疾人“两项补贴”惠及所有符合条件人员。加强退役军人服务管理工作,维护退役军人合法权益。深化医疗、医保、医药联动改革。稳步推进分级诊疗。提高居民基本医保补助标准和大病保险报销比例。加快新药审评审批改革,17种抗癌药大幅降价并纳入国家医保目录。加快推进文化惠民工程,持续加强基层公共文化服务。全民健身蓬勃开展,体育健儿在国际大赛上再创佳绩。

 

Seventh, we continued to ensure and improve living standards in the course of pursuing development and enabled the people to share more fully and fairly in the benefits of reform and development.

 

We took prompt steps to ease the impact of changes in the external environment on employment.

 

We made strong moves to ensure the implementation of policies on pay packages of teachers in compulsory education, stepped up the development of small rural schools and boarding schools in towns and townships, and fostered development of substance in higher education.

 

We established a system for the central government to allocate nationwide enterprise employees’ basic aged-care insurance funds, raised retirees’ basic pensions, and increased the minimum basic aged-care pension benefits for rural and non-working urban residents from 70 to 88 yuan per person per month.

 

We continued to increase benefits for entitled groups and subsistence allowances, and ensured that all people with disabilities who are eligible can access living allowances and nursing care subsidies.

 

For demobilized military personnel, we improved service provision and management and protected their lawful rights and interests.

 

Coordinated medical service, medical insurance, and pharmaceutical reforms continued. We made steady progress in developing the tiered diagnosis and treatment model. We raised the level of government subsidies for rural and non-working urban residents’ basic medical insurance and the reimbursement rate of their serious illness insurance.

 

The reform for evaluation and approval of new medicines was stepped up; the prices of 17 cancer drugs were slashed and these drugs were included in the national medical insurance catalog.

 

We sped up the implementation of cultural projects designed to benefit the people, and continued to strengthen public cultural services at the community level. Fitness-for-All activities flourished. Chinese athletes excelled themselves in international competitions.

八是推进法治政府建设和治理创新,保持社会和谐稳定。提请全国人大常委会审议法律议案18件,制定修订行政法规37部。改革调整政府机构设置和职能配置。深入开展国务院大督查,推动改革发展政策和部署落实。发挥审计监督作用。改革完善城乡基层治理。创新信访工作方式。改革和加强应急管理,及时有效应对重大自然灾害,生产安全事故总量和重特大事故数量继续下降。加强食品药品安全监管,严厉查处长春长生公司等问题疫苗案件。健全国家安全体系。强化社会治安综合治理,开展扫黑除恶专项斗争,依法打击各类违法犯罪,平安中国建设取得新进展。

 

Eighth, we made progress in building a rule of law government and pursuing innovation in governance and ensured social harmony and stability.

 

We submitted 18 legislative proposals to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress for deliberation, and formulated or revised 37 sets of administrative regulations. We reformed and adjusted the composition and responsibilities of government bodies. The State Council conducted major accountability inspections to ensure the implementation of reform and development policies and plans. We made full use the role of auditing in oversight.

 

We reformed and improved urban and rural governance at the primary level. New approaches were adopted to address public complaints. We reformed and strengthened emergency management, responded swiftly and effectively to major natural disasters, and achieved a continued reduction in both the total number of workplace accidents and the number of serious and major accidents.

 

We strengthened oversight over food and drug safety and investigated and took stern action in defective vaccines cases like that involving Changchun Changsheng.

 

We improved the national security system. We strengthened comprehensive measures to maintain law and order, launched a campaign to combat organized crime and root out local mafia, and cracked down on crime and other legal violations in accordance with law. Further headway was made in carrying out the Peaceful China initiative.

 

认真贯彻党中央全面从严治党战略部署,加强党风廉政建设。推进“两学一做”学习教育常态化制度化。严格落实中央八项规定及其实施细则精神,坚定不移纠正“四风”。严肃查处各类违法违规行为,惩处腐败分子,反腐败斗争取得压倒性胜利。

 

We fully implemented the Party Central Committee’s strategic decision on enforcing full and strict discipline over the Party, and intensified efforts to improve Party conduct and build a clean government. We moved to ensure that all Party members, on a regular and institutionalized basis, work to gain a good command of the Party Constitution, Party regulations, and General Secretary Xi Jinping’s policy addresses and to meet Party standards.

 

We acted in strict accordance with the central Party leadership’s eight-point decision on conduct and the rules for its implementation. We took stern action against formalities performed for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance. Activities of various types in violation of laws or regulations were severely punished or prosecuted. Steps were taken to bring the corrupt to justice, and the fight against corruption was a resounding success.

 

过去一年,中国特色大国外交取得新成就。成功举办博鳌亚洲论坛年会、上合组织青岛峰会、中非合作论坛北京峰会等重大主场外交活动。习近平主席等国家领导人出访多国,出席亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议、二十国集团领导人峰会、金砖国家领导人会晤、亚欧首脑会议、东亚合作领导人系列会议等重大活动。同主要大国关系总体稳定,同周边国家关系全面发展,同发展中国家团结合作纽带更加牢固。推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体。坚定维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。经济外交、人文交流成果丰硕。中国致力于促进世界和平与发展,作出了世人共睹的重要贡献。

 

Over the past year, we attained new achievements in pursuing diplomacy with our own characteristics as a major country. We successfully hosted major diplomatic events such as the Boao Forum for Asia annual conference, the Qingdao Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. President Xi Jinping and other Chinese leaders visited many countries and attended major international events, including the APEC Economic Leaders Meeting, the G20 Leaders Summit, the BRICS Leaders Meeting, the Asia-Europe Meeting, and the East Asian leaders’ meetings on cooperation.

 

China’s relations with other major countries remained generally stable, our relations with neighboring countries saw all-round growth, and our bond of unity and cooperation with other developing countries grew stronger.

 

We promoted the development of a new type of international relations and a human community with a shared future, and resolutely protected China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests. Our pursuit of economic diplomacy and cultural and people-to-people exchanges yielded rich fruit. China endeavored to promote world peace and development and made important contributions recognized around the world.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

过去一年取得的成绩,是以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导的结果,是习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想科学指引的结果,是全党全军全国各族人民团结奋斗的结果。我代表国务院,向全国各族人民,向各民主党派、各人民团体和各界人士,表示诚挚感谢!向香港特别行政区同胞、澳门特别行政区同胞、台湾同胞和海外侨胞,表示诚挚感谢!向关心和支持中国现代化建设的各国政府、国际组织和各国朋友,表示诚挚感谢!

 

We owe our achievements of the past year to the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, to the sound guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and to the concerted efforts of the Party, the military, and the people of all ethnic groups in China. On behalf of the State Council, I express sincere thanks to the people of all our ethnic groups, and to all other political parties, people’s organizations, and public figures from all sectors of society. I express sincere appreciation to our fellow countrymen and women in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, in Taiwan, and overseas. I also express our sincere gratitude to the governments of other countries, international organizations, and friends from all over the world who have shown understanding and support for China in its endeavor to achieve modernization.

 

思危方能居安。在充分肯定成绩的同时,要清醒看到我国发展面临的问题和挑战。世界经济增速放缓,保护主义、单边主义加剧,国际大宗商品价格大幅波动,不稳定不确定因素明显增加,外部输入性风险上升。国内经济下行压力加大,消费增速减慢,有效投资增长乏力。实体经济困难较多,民营和小微企业融资难融资贵问题尚未有效缓解,营商环境与市场主体期待还有较大差距。自主创新能力不强,关键核心技术短板问题凸显。一些地方财政收支矛盾较大。金融等领域风险隐患依然不少。深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚困难较多。生态保护和污染防治任务仍然繁重。在教育、医疗、养老、住房、食品药品安全、收入分配等方面,群众还有不少不满意的地方。去年还发生了多起公共安全事件和重大生产安全事故,教训极其深刻。政府工作存在不足,一些改革发展举措落实不到位,形式主义、官僚主义仍然突出,督查检查考核过多过频、重留痕轻实绩,加重基层负担。少数干部懒政怠政。一些领域腐败问题仍然多发。我们一定要直面问题和挑战,勇于担当,恪尽职守,竭尽全力做好工作,决不辜负人民期待!

 

Only alertness to danger will ensure safety. While fully recognizing our achievements, we must also be clear about the problems and challenges our country faces in its development.

 

Growth in the global economy is slowing, protectionism and unilateralism are mounting, and there are drastic fluctuations in the prices of commodities on the international market. Instability and uncertainty are visibly increasing, and externally-generated risks are on the rise.

 

Downward pressure on the Chinese economy continues to increase, growth in consumption is slowing, and growth in effective investment lacks momentum. The real economy faces many difficulties. The difficulties that private firms and small and micro businesses face in accessing affordable financing have not yet been effectively solved. The business environment still falls far short of market entities’ expectations.

 

Our capacity for innovation is not strong, and our weakness in terms of core technologies for key fields remains a salient problem. Budgetary deficits in some localities are quite large. There are still many risks and hidden dangers in the financial and other sectors. In deeply impoverished areas, we still face many difficulties in the fight against poverty. Ecological conservation and pollution prevention and control continue to be a weighty task.

 

There is still public dissatisfaction in many areas, such as education, healthcare, elderly care, housing, food and drug safety, and income distribution. Last year saw the occurrence of a number of public safety incidents and major workplace accidents. The lessons these incidents left us with should never be forgotten.

 

There is room for improvement in the work of government. Some measures and policies for reform and development have not been fully implemented. We still have a serious problem with pointless formalities and bureaucratism. Excessive and over-frequent inspections and evaluations and a focus on the superficial to the neglect of the substantive have increased the burden on officials working at the primary level. A small number of government employees lack drive. Instances of corruption still occur frequently in some sectors.

 

We must face the problems and challenges squarely, shoulder our responsibility, fully perform our duties, and do all we can to truly live up to people’s expectations.

二、2019年经济社会发展总体要求和政策取向

II. Economic and Social Development in 2019: Overall Requirements and Policy Directions

 

今年是新中国成立70周年,是全面建成小康社会、实现第一个百年奋斗目标的关键之年。做好政府工作,要在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中全会精神,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,坚持新发展理念,坚持推动高质量发展,坚持以供给侧结构性改革为主线,坚持深化市场化改革、扩大高水平开放,加快建设现代化经济体系,继续打好三大攻坚战,着力激发微观主体活力,创新和完善宏观调控,统筹推进稳增长、促改革、调结构、惠民生、防风险、保稳定工作,保持经济运行在合理区间,进一步稳就业、稳金融、稳外贸、稳外资、稳投资、稳预期,提振市场信心,增强人民群众获得感、幸福感、安全感,保持经济持续健康发展和社会大局稳定,为全面建成小康社会收官打下决定性基础,以优异成绩庆祝中华人民共和国成立70周年。

 

This year is the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. It will be a crucial year for us as we endeavor to achieve the first Centenary Goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. To fulfill the work of government, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, we must:

 

  • follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era;

 

  • implement fully the guiding principles of the Party’s 19th National Congress and the second and third plenary sessions of its 19th Central Committee;

 

  • pursue coordinated progress in the five-sphere integrated plan;

 

  • pursue balanced progress in the four-pronged comprehensive strategy;

 

  • adhere to the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability;

 

  • continue to apply the new development philosophy;

 

  • continue to work for high-quality development;

 

  • continue to pursue supply-side structural reform as our main task;

 

  • continue to deepen market-orientated reforms and expand high-standard opening-up;

 

  • work faster to modernize the economy;

 

  • continue the three critical battles;

 

  • invigorate micro entities;

 

  • explore innovations in and improve macro regulation;

 

  • make coordinated efforts to maintain stable growth, advance reform, make structural adjustments, improve living standards, guard against risks, and ensure stability;

 

  • keep major economic indicators within an appropriate range;

 

  • take further steps to ensure stable employment, a stable financial sector, stable foreign trade, stable foreign investment, stable domestic investment, and stable expectations;

 

  • boost market confidence;

 

  • enable people to feel more satisfied, happy, and secure; and

 

  • sustain healthy economic development and maintain social stability.

 

By doing the above, we will create the pivotal underpinning for completing the building of a moderately prosperous society and celebrate with outstanding accomplishments the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic.

 

综合分析国内外形势,今年我国发展面临的环境更复杂更严峻,可以预料和难以预料的风险挑战更多更大,要做好打硬仗的充分准备。困难不容低估,信心不可动摇,干劲不能松懈。我国发展仍处于重要战略机遇期,拥有足够的韧性、巨大的潜力和不断迸发的创新活力,人民群众追求美好生活的愿望十分强烈。我们有战胜各种困难挑战的坚定意志和能力,经济长期向好趋势没有也不会改变。

 

A full analysis of developments in and outside China shows that in pursuing development this year, we will face a graver and more complicated environment as well as risks and challenges, foreseeable and otherwise, that are greater in number and size. We must be fully prepared for a tough struggle. The difficulties we face must not be underestimated, our confidence must not be weakened, and the energy we bring to our work must not be allowed to wane.

 

China is still in an important period of strategic opportunity for development and has ample resilience, enormous potential, and great creativity to unleash. The longing of our people for a better life is strong. We have the unshakable will and the ability needed to prevail over difficulties and challenges of any kind, and our economic fundamentals are sound and will remain sound over the long term.

 

今年经济社会发展的主要预期目标是:国内生产总值增长6%-6.5%;城镇新增就业1100万人以上,城镇调查失业率5.5%左右,城镇登记失业率4.5%以内;居民消费价格涨幅3%左右;国际收支基本平衡,进出口稳中提质;宏观杠杆率基本稳定,金融财政风险有效防控;农村贫困人口减少1000万以上,居民收入增长与经济增长基本同步;生态环境进一步改善,单位国内生产总值能耗下降3%左右,主要污染物排放量继续下降。上述主要预期目标,体现了推动高质量发展要求,符合我国发展实际,与全面建成小康社会目标相衔接,是积极稳妥的。实现这些目标,需要付出艰苦努力。

 

With the above in mind, the main projected targets for economic and social development this year are set as follows:

 

  • GDP growth of 6–6.5 percent

 

  • Over 11 million new urban jobs, a surveyed urban unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, and a registered urban unemployment rate within 4.5 percent

 

  • CPI increase of around 3 percent

 

  • A basic equilibrium in the balance of payments, and stable, better-structured imports and exports

 

  • A macro leverage ratio that is basically stable, and effective prevention and control of financial and fiscal risks

 

  • A reduction of over 10 million in the rural poor population

 

  • Personal income growth that is basically in step with economic growth

 

  • A further improvement in the environment

 

  • A drop of around 3 percent in energy consumption per unit of GDP

 

  • Continued reductions in the discharge of major pollutants

 

The above projected targets are ambitious but realistic – they represent our aim of promoting high-quality development, are in keeping with the current realities of China’s development, and are aligned with the goal of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. But to realize these goals we need to redouble our efforts.

要正确把握宏观政策取向,继续实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策,实施就业优先政策,加强政策协调配合,确保经济运行在合理区间,促进经济社会持续健康发展。

 

We will ensure that the right direction is set for the pursuit of our macro policies. We will continue to pursue a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy, implement an employment-first policy, and strengthen the coordination between these policies to keep major economic indicators within an appropriate range and sustain healthy economic and social development.

 

积极的财政政策要加力提效。今年赤字率拟按2.8%安排,比去年预算高0.2个百分点;财政赤字2.76万亿元,其中中央财政赤字1.83万亿元,地方财政赤字9300亿元。适度提高赤字率,综合考虑了财政收支、专项债券发行等因素,也考虑为应对今后可能出现的风险留出政策空间。今年财政支出超过23万亿元,增长6.5%。中央对地方均衡性转移支付增长10.9%。改革完善县级基本财力保障机制,缓解困难地区财政运转压力,决不让基本民生保障出问题。

 

We will pursue a proactive fiscal policy with greater intensity and enhance its performance. Deficit-to-GDP ratio this year is projected at 2.8 percent, a 0.2-percentage-point increase over that of last year. The budgetary deficit is projected at 2.76 trillion yuan, with a central government deficit of 1.83 trillion yuan and a local government deficit of 0.93 trillion yuan. In moderately increasing the deficit-to-GDP ratio, we have given full consideration to factors such as government revenue and expenditure and the issuance of special bonds; we have also taken into account the need to leave policy space to address risks that could arise in the future.

 

Government expenditure is budgeted at over 23 trillion yuan, a 6.5 percent increase. The central government’s transfer payments to local governments for equalizing access to basic public services will increase by 10.9 percent. We will reform and improve the mechanism for ensuring basic fiscal capacity at the county level, ease the pressure of budgetary constraints faced by some localities, and make certain that people’s basic living needs are met.

 

稳健的货币政策要松紧适度。广义货币M2和社会融资规模增速要与国内生产总值名义增速相匹配,以更好满足经济运行保持在合理区间的需要。在实际执行中,既要把好货币供给总闸门,不搞“大水漫灌”,又要灵活运用多种货币政策工具,疏通货币政策传导渠道,保持流动性合理充裕,有效缓解实体经济特别是民营和小微企业融资难融资贵问题,防范化解金融风险。深化利率市场化改革,降低实际利率水平。完善汇率形成机制,保持人民币汇率在合理均衡水平上的基本稳定。

 

Our prudent monetary policy will be eased or tightened to the right degree. Increases in M2 money supply and aggregate financing should be in keeping with nominal GDP growth to keep major indicators within an appropriate range.

 

In implementation, we will ensure the valve on aggregate monetary supply is well controlled and refrain from using a deluge of stimulus policies; but will also use flexibly a variety of monetary policy instruments to improve the transmission mechanism of monetary policy, maintain reasonably sufficient liquidity, effectively mitigate difficulties faced in the real economy, especially by private enterprises and small and micro businesses, in accessing affordable financing, and forestall and defuse financial risks.

 

We will deepen reforms to strengthen the market’s role in setting interest rates and lower real interest rates. We will improve the exchange rate mechanism and keep the RMB exchange rate generally stable and at an adaptive and balanced level.

 

就业优先政策要全面发力。就业是民生之本、财富之源。今年首次将就业优先政策置于宏观政策层面,旨在强化各方面重视就业、支持就业的导向。当前和今后一个时期,我国就业总量压力不减、结构性矛盾凸显,新的影响因素还在增加,必须把就业摆在更加突出位置。稳增长首要是为保就业。今年城镇新增就业要在实现预期目标的基础上,力争达到近几年的实际规模,既保障城镇劳动力就业,也为农业富余劳动力转移就业留出空间。只要就业稳、收入增,我们就更有底气。

 

An employment-first policy will be pursued with full force. Employment is the cornerstone of wellbeing, and the wellspring of wealth. This year, for the first time, we are elevating the employment-first policy to the status of a macro policy. This is to increase society-wide attention to employment and support for it. Both in the immediate future and for some time to come, the pressure on aggregate job creation will continue unabated, the related structural issues will become more pronounced, and new factors that affect employment will continue to grow. All this means we must give greater priority to increasing employment.

 

Maintaining stable growth, first and foremost, is to ensure employment. This year, on top of the urban job creation target, we will work to reach the actual employment figures of the past few years so as to ensure employment for the urban workforce while creating non-agricultural employment opportunities for the surplus rural workforce. With stable employment and increasing incomes, we can continue to be fully confident.

 

要继续坚持以供给侧结构性改革为主线,在“巩固、增强、提升、畅通”八个字上下功夫。更多采取改革的办法,更多运用市场化、法治化手段,巩固“三去一降一补”成果,增强微观主体活力,提升产业链水平,畅通国民经济循环,推动经济高质量发展。

 

We will continue to pursue supply-side structural reform as our main task, focusing on consolidating, strengthening, upgrading, and ensuring unimpeded flows: we will use more reforms and means in accordance with market principles and law to consolidate the gains made in the five priority tasks; to strengthen the dynamism of micro entities; to upgrade industrial chains; and to ensure unimpeded flows in the economy, thus moving toward high-quality development.

 

要继续打好三大攻坚战,精准发力、务求实效。防范化解重大风险要强化底线思维,坚持结构性去杠杆,防范金融市场异常波动,稳妥处理地方政府债务风险,防控输入性风险。精准脱贫要坚持现行标准,聚焦深度贫困地区和特殊贫困群体,加大攻坚力度,提高脱贫质量。污染防治要聚焦打赢蓝天保卫战等重点任务,统筹兼顾、标本兼治,使生态环境质量持续改善。

 

We will continue the three critical battles and adopt precise measures to deliver solid outcomes.

 

To forestall and defuse major risks, we should be clear about potential dangers, continue structural deleveraging, forestall abnormal financial market fluctuations, deal prudently with local government debt risk, and guard against and control externally-generated risks.

 

We will intensify precision poverty alleviation efforts in accordance with current standards, with the focus on deeply impoverished areas and the most vulnerable groups to deliver solid outcomes.

 

In addressing pollution, we will focus on major priorities such as the fight to keep our skies blue, take a holistic approach, address both symptoms and root causes, and make continuous improvements to the environment.

 

做好今年政府工作,要注重把握好以下关系。一要统筹好国内与国际的关系,凝心聚力办好自己的事。我国仍处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段,仍是世界最大发展中国家。发展是解决我国一切问题的基础和关键,必须牢牢扭住经济建设这个中心,毫不动摇坚持发展是硬道理、发展应该是科学发展和高质量发展的战略思想,不断解放和发展社会生产力。在国际形势复杂多变的背景下,我们要保持战略定力,按确定的目标和部署推进工作,更好利用国际国内两个市场两种资源,敢于应对挑战,善于化危为机,牢牢把握发展主动权。二要平衡好稳增长与防风险的关系,确保经济持续健康发展。长期积累的诸多风险隐患必须加以化解,但要遵循规律,讲究方式方法,按照坚定、可控、有序、适度要求,在发展中逐步化解,坚决避免发生系统性、区域性风险。在当前经济下行压力加大情况下,出台政策和工作举措要有利于稳预期、稳增长、调结构,防控风险要把握好节奏和力度,防止紧缩效应叠加放大,决不能让经济运行滑出合理区间。同时,也不能只顾眼前,采取损害长期发展的短期强刺激政策,产生新的风险隐患。三要处理好政府与市场的关系,依靠改革开放激发市场主体活力。只要市场主体有活力,就能增强内生发展动力、顶住经济下行压力。要大力推进改革开放,加快建立统一开放、竞争有序的现代市场体系,放宽市场准入,加强公正监管,打造法治化、国际化、便利化的营商环境,让各类市场主体更加活跃。从根本上说,市场活力和社会创造力源于亿万人民积极性的发挥。要坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,尽力而为、量力而行,切实保障基本民生,推动解决重点民生问题,促进社会公平正义,让人民过上好日子。中国人民勤劳智慧,具有无限的创新创造潜能,只要充分释放出来,中国的发展就一定会有更为广阔空间。

 

For the government to deliver this year, we need to get the following relationships right.

 

First, we need to handle in a holistic way the relationship between domestic and international issues, and focus on running our own affairs well. China is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism; and it continues to be the world’s largest developing country. Development is the foundation of and key to solving all our country’s problems. We must pursue with dedication the central task of economic development, never falter in our commitment to the strategic thinking that development is of paramount importance and that it should be sound and of a high quality, and continue to unleash and develop productive forces.

 

Against the backdrop of a complex and fast-changing international environment, we must maintain strategic focus and carry out work in accordance with the goals and plans already set. We should make better use of both international and domestic markets and resources, face challenges squarely, turn risks into opportunities, and remain firm in our commitment to pursuing development.

 

Second, we need to achieve the right balance in the relationship between maintaining stable growth and guarding against risks, to ensure sustained, healthy economic development. The many risks and potential problems that have built up over the years demand stronger mitigating action, but in doing so we need to observe objective laws and take the right approach. Our approach must be firm, controllable, and systematic, and it should be applied with the right degree of intensity. We need to defuse risks step by step in the course of pursuing development and decisively forestall any systemic or regional risks.

 

Against the backdrop of mounting downward pressure on the economy, the policies and measures we adopt should ensure stable expectations, stable growth, and structural adjustments. In working to forestall and control risks, we need to get the pace and intensity right. We should see that the effects of tightening are not amplified, and we must never allow economic indicators to slide out of the appropriate range.

 

At the same time, we must not attend only to immediate concerns or adopt short-term strong stimulus policies that will end up undermining long-term development and generating new risks.

 

Third, we need to balance the relationship between government and market, and energize market entities through reform and opening-up. As long as market entities are energized, we can boost the internal forces driving development and withstand the downward pressure on the economy. We must work hard to advance reform and opening-up, speed up the establishment of a unified and open, competitive and orderly modern market system, relax restrictions on market access, ensure impartial regulation, and create a business environment based on rule of law that is internationalized and enabling, in order to energize market entities.

 

Ultimately, market vitality and social creativity stem from the initiative of hundreds of millions of people being put into action. We must stay true to the vision of people-centered development and do everything within our capacity to meet people’s basic needs, resolve key problems affecting living standards, promote social fairness and justice, and help our people achieve better lives.

 

The Chinese are an industrious and talented people and possess boundless potential for innovation and creativity. All we need to do is unleash that potential and the space for China’s development going forward will doubtless be vast.

三、2019年政府工作任务

III. Tasks for 2019

 

今年经济社会发展任务重、挑战多、要求高。我们要突出重点、把握关键,扎实做好各项工作。

 

This year, in pursuing economic and social development, we will face weighty tasks, many challenges, and high demands. We must have clear priorities and address crucial issues to deliver a solid performance across the board.

 

(一)继续创新和完善宏观调控,确保经济运行在合理区间。坚持以市场化改革的思路和办法破解发展难题,发挥好宏观政策逆周期调节作用,丰富和灵活运用财政、货币、就业政策工具,增强调控前瞻性、针对性和有效性,为经济平稳运行创造条件。

 

1. We will continue to develop new and improved approaches to macro regulation and keep the main economic indicators within an appropriate range.

 

We will keep using market-oriented reform thinking and approaches to resolve problems in development; make good use of countercyclical macro policy regulation; add to and use flexibly financial, monetary, and employment policy instruments; make regulation more forward-looking, targeted, and effective; and create the conditions for ensuring a stable economic performance.

 

实施更大规模的减税。普惠性减税与结构性减税并举,重点降低制造业和小微企业税收负担。深化增值税改革,将制造业等行业现行16%的税率降至13%,将交通运输业、建筑业等行业现行10%的税率降至9%,确保主要行业税负明显降低;保持6%一档的税率不变,但通过采取对生产、生活性服务业增加税收抵扣等配套措施,确保所有行业税负只减不增,继续向推进税率三档并两档、税制简化方向迈进。抓好年初出台的小微企业普惠性减税政策落实。这次减税,着眼“放水养鱼”、增强发展后劲并考虑财政可持续,是减轻企业负担、激发市场活力的重大举措,是完善税制、优化收入分配格局的重要改革,是宏观政策支持稳增长、保就业、调结构的重大抉择。

 

We will implement larger-scale tax cuts.

 

We will introduce both general-benefit and structural tax cuts, focusing primarily on reducing tax burdens in manufacturing and on small and micro businesses.

 

VAT reform will be deepened: we will reduce the current rate of 16 percent in manufacturing and other industries to 13 percent, and lower the rate in the transportation, construction, and other industries from 10 to 9 percent, thus ensuring that tax burdens in our main industries are meaningfully reduced; keep the lowest bracket rate unchanged at 6 percent, while adopting supporting measures, like increased tax deductions for producer and consumer services, to see that in all industries tax burdens only go down, not up; and continue making progress toward cutting the number of VAT brackets from three to two and simplifying the VAT system. We will ensure that the general-benefit tax cut policies issued at the start of the year for small and micro businesses are put into effect. Our moves to cut tax on this occasion aim at an accommodative effect to strengthen the basis for sustained growth while also considering the need to ensure fiscal sustainability; are a major measure to lighten the burden on businesses and boost market dynamism; are an important reform to improve the tax system and achieve better income distribution; and are the result of a major decision taken at the macro policy level in support of the efforts to ensure stable economic growth, employment, and structural adjustments.

 

明显降低企业社保缴费负担。下调城镇职工基本养老保险单位缴费比例,各地可降至16%。稳定现行征缴方式,各地在征收体制改革过程中不得采取增加小微企业实际缴费负担的做法,不得自行对历史欠费进行集中清缴。继续执行阶段性降低失业和工伤保险费率政策。今年务必使企业特别是小微企业社保缴费负担有实质性下降。加快推进养老保险省级统筹改革,继续提高企业职工基本养老保险基金中央调剂比例、划转部分国有资本充实社保基金。我们既要减轻企业缴费负担,又要保障职工社保待遇不受影响、养老金合理增长并按时足额发放,使社保基金可持续、企业与职工同受益。

 

We will significantly reduce enterprise contributions to social insurance schemes.

 

We will lower the share borne by employers for urban workers’ basic aged-care insurance, and localities may cut contributions down to 16 percent. The social insurance premium collection methods currently in operation will be kept unchanged. No locality should take any measure that increases the burden on small and micro enterprises when reforming their collection systems, or require, on their own, that longstanding arrears be paid off in a lump sum. The current policy of reducing premiums for unemployment insurance and work injury compensation insurance will continue. This year, premium payments, particularly for small and micro businesses, must be substantively reduced.

 

We will speed up reforms in the provincial-level management of aged-care insurance funds, continue to increase the proportion of enterprise workers’ basic pension funds under central government allocation, and replenish social security funds through the injection of state capital. We must reduce burdens on enterprises, but also ensure that employees’ social security benefits are not affected and aged-care pensions increase as appropriate and are paid on time and in full, so that social security funds are sustainable and both enterprises and employees benefit.

 

确保减税降费落实到位。减税降费直击当前市场主体的痛点和难点,是既公平又有效率的政策。全年减轻企业税收和社保缴费负担近2万亿元。这会给各级财政带来很大压力。为支持企业减负,各级政府要过紧日子,想方设法筹集资金。中央财政要开源节流,增加特定国有金融机构和央企上缴利润,一般性支出压减5%以上、“三公”经费再压减3%左右,长期沉淀资金一律收回。地方政府也要主动挖潜,大力优化支出结构,多渠道盘活各类资金和资产。我们要切实让市场主体特别是小微企业有明显减税降费感受,坚决兑现对企业和社会的承诺,困难再多也一定要把这件大事办成办好。

 

We will ensure tax and fee cuts are fully implemented.

 

Tax cuts and fee reductions get right to the spot in tackling the pains and difficulties currently troubling market entities; as a policy option, they are both fair and efficient. This year, we will reduce the tax burdens on and social insurance contributions of enterprises by nearly 2 trillion yuan. This will create big pressure on government budgets at all levels. To support this lightening of the burden on enterprises, governments at all levels must tighten their belts and find workable means of raising funds.

 

The central government needs to increase revenue and reduce expenditures. Profits turned in by designated state-owned financial institutions and enterprises directly under the central government should be increased; general expenditures should be cut by over 5 percent, spending on official overseas visits, official vehicles, and official hospitality should be cut by another 3 percent, and all funds that have long stayed unused will be taken back.

 

Local governments also need to dig deep, take big steps to improve the mix of spending, and put various funds and assets to good use through multiple avenues.

 

We will let market entities, especially small and micro businesses, feel the weight of their burden being meaningfully lightened, honoring our promise to enterprises and society, and seeing that no matter the number of difficulties, this important job gets done and gets done well.

 

着力缓解企业融资难融资贵问题。改革完善货币信贷投放机制,适时运用存款准备金率、利率等数量和价格手段,引导金融机构扩大信贷投放、降低贷款成本,精准有效支持实体经济,不能让资金空转或脱实向虚。加大对中小银行定向降准力度,释放的资金全部用于民营和小微企业贷款。支持大型商业银行多渠道补充资本,增强信贷投放能力,鼓励增加制造业中长期贷款和信用贷款。今年国有大型商业银行小微企业贷款要增长30%以上。清理规范银行及中介服务收费。完善金融机构内部考核机制,激励加强普惠金融服务,切实使中小微企业融资紧张状况有明显改善,综合融资成本必须有明显降低。

 

We will work hard to alleviate the difficulties faced by enterprises in accessing affordable financing.

 

We will reform and refine monetary and credit supply mechanisms, and employ as needed a combination of quantitative and pricing approaches, like required reserve ratios and interest rates, to guide financial institutions in increasing credit supply and bringing down the cost of borrowing, ensure targeted and efficient support for the real economy, and avoid funds circulating within the financial sector without entering the real economy or being diverted out of the real economy.

 

More targeted cuts will be made to required reserve ratios for medium and small banks; the additional funds thus released will be lent to private enterprises and small and micro businesses.

 

We will support large commercial banks in replenishing capital through multiple channels, strengthen their capacity to supply credit, and encourage them to increase medium- and long-term loans and credit loans to the manufacturing sector. This year, loans to be granted to small and micro businesses by large state-owned commercial banks will increase by over 30 percent.

 

Fees charged for banking and intermediary services will be overhauled. We will improve the internal assessment mechanisms of financial institutions, encourage more inclusive financial services, achieve a marked improvement in providing financing for medium, small, and micro enterprises, and see that there are definite reductions in overall financing costs.

 

有效发挥地方政府债券作用。今年拟安排地方政府专项债券2.15万亿元,比去年增加8000亿元,为重点项目建设提供资金支持,也为更好防范化解地方政府债务风险创造条件。合理扩大专项债券使用范围。继续发行一定数量的地方政府置换债券,减轻地方利息负担。鼓励采取市场化方式,妥善解决融资平台到期债务问题,不能搞“半拉子”工程。

 

We will make effective use of local government bonds.

 

This year, 2.15 trillion yuan of special local government bonds will be issued, an 800 billion yuan increase on last year. This is designed to both provide funding for key projects and create conditions for better forestalling and defusing local governments’ debt risks.

 

The scope of use for special local government bonds will be moderately expanded. We will continue the issuance of some local government bonds to replace outstanding debts in order to reduce the interest payment burdens of local governments. We will encourage the adoption of market approaches to solve the issue of maturing debts on financing platforms and make sure that projects financed by such debts are not stopped half way.

 

多管齐下稳定和扩大就业。扎实做好高校毕业生、退役军人、农民工等重点群体就业工作,加强对城镇各类就业困难人员的就业帮扶。对招用农村贫困人口、城镇登记失业半年以上人员的各类企业,三年内给予定额税费减免。加强对灵活就业、新就业形态的支持。坚决防止和纠正就业中的性别和身份歧视。实施职业技能提升行动,从失业保险基金结余中拿出1000亿元,用于1500万人次以上的职工技能提升和转岗转业培训。健全技术工人职业发展机制和政策。加快发展现代职业教育,既有利于缓解当前就业压力,也是解决高技能人才短缺的战略之举。改革完善高职院校考试招生办法,鼓励更多应届高中毕业生和退役军人、下岗职工、农民工等报考,今年大规模扩招100万人。扩大高职院校奖助学金覆盖面、提高补助标准,加快学历证书和职业技能等级证书互通衔接。改革高职院校办学体制,加强师资队伍建设,提高办学质量。引导一批普通本科高校转为应用型大学。中央财政大幅增加对高职院校的投入,地方财政也要加强支持。设立中等职业教育国家奖学金。支持企业和社会力量兴办职业教育,加快产教融合实训基地建设。我们要以现代职业教育的大改革大发展,加快培养国家发展急需的各类技术技能人才,让更多青年凭借一技之长实现人生价值,让三百六十行人才荟萃、繁星璀璨。

 

We will use multiple channels to achieve stable and expanding employment.

 

We will work to ensure employment for key groups such as college graduates, demobilized military personnel, and rural migrant workers; and we should give greater employment support for urban jobseekers facing difficulties in securing employment. Enterprises hiring staff from rural poor people or urban residents registered as unemployed for at least six months will be entitled to a fixed amount of tax and fee deductions for three years.

 

We will strengthen support for flexible employment and new forms of employment.

 

We will resolutely protect against and stop gender and identity discrimination in employment.

 

We will implement a vocational skills training initiative, and allocate 100 billion yuan from the surplus in unemployment insurance funds to provide training for over 15 million people upgrading their skills or switching jobs or industries. We will put in place better mechanisms and policies for the career development of skilled workers.

 

Stepping up the development of modern vocational education is a strategic move that will not only ease current employment pressure, but also help to address the shortage of highly-skilled personnel. We will reform and improve the ways that vocational colleges conduct examinations and enrollment, encourage more high school graduates, demobilized military personnel, laid-off workers, and rural migrant workers to apply, and this year achieve a large-scale expansion of one million in student enrollments.

 

We will expand the coverage of scholarships and grants for vocational college students and raise the level of financial assistance, and speed up work to align vocational technical grade certificates with academic credentials. We will reform the operating mechanisms of vocational colleges, strengthen work on building the teaching workforce, and raise the quality of vocational education. We will encourage a number of regular undergraduate institutions to transform themselves into applied colleges.

 

The central government will greatly increase fiscal support for vocational colleges, and local governments should also strengthen their support. A state scholarship for secondary vocational education will be established. We will support enterprises and private actors in providing vocational education, and speed up work to build instruction centers that integrate technical training and academic education. Through major reforms and the development of modern vocational education, we will move faster to train the different types of technicians and skilled workers urgently needed in China’s development, enabling more young people to gain professional skills and realize their potential and producing a vast range of talent ready to shine bright.

(二)激发市场主体活力,着力优化营商环境。我国有上亿市场主体,而且还在不断增加。把市场主体的活跃度保持住、提上去,是促进经济平稳增长的关键所在。要深化“放管服”改革,降低制度性交易成本,下硬功夫打造好发展软环境。

 

2. We will work to energize market entities and improve the business environment.

 

There are hundreds of millions of market entities in China, and the number continues to grow. The key to promoting stable economic growth lies in maintaining and increasing their level of activity. We must push forward with reforms that delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services, bring down government-imposed transaction costs, and make every effort to create an enabling environment for development.

 

以简审批优服务便利投资兴业。市场配置资源是最有效率的形式。要进一步缩减市场准入负面清单,推动“非禁即入”普遍落实。政府要坚决把不该管的事项交给市场,最大限度减少对资源的直接配置,审批事项应减尽减,确需审批的要简化流程和环节,让企业多用时间跑市场、少费功夫跑审批。今年,要对所有涉企经营许可事项实行“证照分离”改革,使企业更便捷拿到营业执照并尽快正常运营,坚决克服“准入不准营”的现象;在全国推开工程建设项目审批制度改革,使全流程审批时间大幅缩短。继续压缩专利审查和商标注册时间。推行网上审批和服务,抓紧建成全国一体化在线政务服务平台,加快实现一网通办、异地可办,使更多事项不见面办理,确需到现场办的要“一窗受理、限时办结”“最多跑一次”。持续开展“减证便民”改革行动,不能让繁琐证明来回折腾企业和群众。建立政务服务“好差评”制度,服务绩效由企业和群众来评判。政府部门做好服务是本分,服务不好是失职。

 

We will cut government approvals and improve services to create a favorable environment for investment and business startups.

 

Market allocation is the most efficient form of resource allocation. We will further shorten the negative list on market entry and promote across-the-board implementation of the policy of “entry unless on the list.” The government must act with resolve to hand matters it shouldn’t manage over to the market, and make maximum reductions to its direct allocation of resources. Every requirement for government approval that should be canceled will be canceled. When approval is required, the procedures and steps involved will be simplified. This will leave companies to spend more time doing business and less time chasing approvals.

 

This year, all operating permits required of businesses will be separated from the business license to make it quicker and easier for companies to get a license and start operating as soon as possible; and we will put an end to the phenomenon of “letting firms in but not letting them do business.” Reform of the system for construction project approval will be introduced nationwide, and the time of approval needed at every stage of a project will be significantly shortened. We will continue to cut the time it takes to have a patent approved and a trademark registered.

 

We will encourage online approvals and services, and work faster to build a national online platform for government services, enabling access via one website and remote processing, so that more matters can be handled without the need to be physically present. For matters that do require presence in person, they should be processed at a single window, within a specified time, and without the need for a second visit. We will continue to pursue the Cut Certification to Create Convenience reform initiative, and see that businesses and the public are not saddled with running from pillar to post for certificates.

 

We will establish a government service evaluation system, and let businesses and the public judge if our service is up to scratch. Delivering good services is what a government is meant to do; failure to do so means failing in its duties.

 

以公正监管促进公平竞争。公平竞争是市场经济的核心,公正监管是公平竞争的保障。改革完善公平竞争审查和公正监管制度,加快清理妨碍统一市场和公平竞争的各种规定和做法。政简易从。规则越简约透明,监管越有力有效。国家层面重在制定统一的监管规则和标准,地方政府要把主要力量放在公正监管上。推进“双随机、一公开”跨部门联合监管,推行信用监管和“互联网+监管”改革,优化环保、消防、税务、市场监管等执法方式,对违法者依法严惩、对守法者无事不扰。深化综合行政执法改革,清理规范行政处罚事项,坚决治理多头检查、重复检查。对监管者也要强监管、立规矩,决不允许搞选择性执法、任性执法,决不允许刁难企业和群众。依法打击制售假冒伪劣商品等违法行为,让严重违法者付出付不起的代价。完善失信联合惩戒机制,促进各类市场主体守法诚信经营。用公正监管管出公平、管出效率、管出活力。

 

We will conduct impartial regulation to promote fair competition.

 

Fair competition is at the heart of a market economy, and impartial regulation is a safeguard for fair competition. We will reform and improve the fair competition review and impartial regulation systems, and move faster to do away with all regulations and practices that impede the functioning of a unified market and fair competition.

 

Simple regulations are easy to follow. The simpler and more transparent the rules are, the more robust and effective regulation is. At the national level, the focus is on developing unified regulatory rules and standards, while local governments should concentrate most of their energy on conducting impartial regulation.

 

We will continue interdepartmental oversight conducted through the random selection of both inspectors and inspection targets and the prompt release of results. We will promote credit rating-based regulation and the Internet Plus Regulation reform initiative, develop better ways of enforcing laws on environmental protection, fire prevention, tax collection, and market oversight, and see that law breakers are punished in accordance with law and the law-abiding are let be.

 

We will deepen the reform of coordinated law enforcement by government departments, overhaul government penalties and punitive measures, and address overlap and duplication in enforcement. Regulators themselves must also be subject to strong oversight and follow rules. There can be no tolerance for selective or arbitrary law enforcement or for making things difficult for businesses and people.

 

We will, in accordance with law, crack down on violations of law such as the production and sale of counterfeit and substandard goods, and make the price to pay for serious offenders too dear to afford. We will improve the mechanism for joint punitive action against bad faith, and encourage all market entities to do business in accordance with law and in good faith. We will use impartial regulation to ensure a fair, efficient, and dynamic market.

 

以改革推动降低涉企收费。深化电力市场化改革,清理电价附加收费,降低制造业用电成本,一般工商业平均电价再降低10%。深化收费公路制度改革,推动降低过路过桥费用,治理对客货运车辆不合理审批和乱收费、乱罚款。两年内基本取消全国高速公路省界收费站,实现不停车快捷收费,减少拥堵、便利群众。取消或降低一批铁路、港口收费。专项治理中介服务收费。继续清理规范行政事业性收费。加快收费清单“一张网”建设,让收费公开透明,让乱收费无处藏身。

 

We will carry out reforms to promote reductions in business-related charges.

 

We will deepen market-oriented reforms in the electric power sector, overhaul surcharges on electricity prices, lower electricity costs in manufacturing, and cut the average electricity price for general industrial and commercial businesses by another 10 percent.

 

We will advance the reform of the toll roads system, move to cut tolls on highways and bridges, and put a stop to unjustified requirements for approval as well as arbitrary charges and fines on passenger and freight transport vehicles. Within two years, we will remove almost all expressway toll booths at provincial borders and make nonstop, swift collection a reality. This will cut traffic congestion and make road transport more convenient. A number of railway and port charges will be abolished or lowered.

 

We will launch an initiative to address the collection of charges by intermediary organizations. We will continue reviewing and standardizing government levied charges. We will speed up the development of a comprehensive listing system for the collection of fees and charges, making charge collecting open and transparent and leaving unauthorized charges no place to hide.

(三)坚持创新引领发展,培育壮大新动能。发挥我国人力人才资源丰富、国内市场巨大等综合优势,改革创新科技研发和产业化应用机制,大力培育专业精神,促进新旧动能接续转换。

 

3. We will continue to pursue innovation-driven development and foster new growth drivers.

 

We will make full use of our country’s combined strengths – its abundant human resources and talent and vast domestic market, reform and develop new mechanisms for scientific and technological R&D and industrial application, and foster professionalism, to speed up the replacement of old growth drivers with new ones.

 

推动传统产业改造提升。围绕推动制造业高质量发展,强化工业基础和技术创新能力,促进先进制造业和现代服务业融合发展,加快建设制造强国。打造工业互联网平台,拓展“智能+”,为制造业转型升级赋能。支持企业加快技术改造和设备更新,将固定资产加速折旧优惠政策扩大至全部制造业领域。强化质量基础支撑,推动标准与国际先进水平对接,提升产品和服务品质,让更多国内外用户选择中国制造、中国服务。

 

We will work to transform and upgrade traditional industries.

 

To promote the development of high-quality manufacturing, we will strengthen the foundations of industry and the capacity for technological innovation, boost the integrated development of advanced manufacturing and modernized services, and work faster to make China strong in manufacturing.

 

We will create industrial internet platforms and expand Intelligent Plus initiatives to facilitate transformation and upgrading in manufacturing. We will support enterprises in speeding up technological transformation and equipment upgrading by extending the preferential policy of accelerated depreciation of fixed assets to the entire manufacturing sector.

 

We will strengthen the supporting capacity of quality infrastructure, upgrade our standards to meet advanced international ones, and improve the quality of products and services to encourage more domestic and foreign users to choose Chinese goods and services.

 

促进新兴产业加快发展。深化大数据、人工智能等研发应用,培育新一代信息技术、高端装备、生物医药、新能源汽车、新材料等新兴产业集群,壮大数字经济。坚持包容审慎监管,支持新业态新模式发展,促进平台经济、共享经济健康成长。加快在各行业各领域推进“互联网+”。持续推动网络提速降费。开展城市千兆宽带入户示范,改造提升远程教育、远程医疗网络,推动移动网络扩容升级,让用户切实感受到网速更快更稳定。今年中小企业宽带平均资费再降低15%,移动网络流量平均资费再降低20%以上,在全国实行“携号转网”,规范套餐设置,使降费实实在在、消费者明明白白。

 

We will work to speed up the growth of emerging industries.

 

We will strengthen R&D and the application of big data and artificial intelligence technologies, foster clusters of emerging industries like next-generation information technology, high-end equipment, biomedicine, new-energy automobiles, and new materials, and expand the digital economy. We will continue accommodative and prudential regulation, support the growth of new forms and models of business, and stimulate the healthy development of the platform economy and the sharing economy. We will speed up efforts to pursue Internet Plus initiatives in all industries and sectors.

 

We will continue to speed up broadband and lower internet rates. We will launch demo projects to extend 1,000M broadband connectivity to urban homes, upgrade networks for distance education and telemedicine, and increase the capacity of and upgrade mobile networks, to provide faster and more reliable broadband connections for internet users.

 

This year, average broadband service rates for small and medium enterprises will be lowered by another 15 percent, and average rates for mobile internet services will be further cut by more than 20 percent. Cellphone subscribers nationwide will be able to keep their numbers while switching carriers, and cellphone packages will be regulated to achieve solid fee cuts for all consumers to see.

 

提升科技支撑能力。加大基础研究和应用基础研究支持力度,强化原始创新,加强关键核心技术攻关。抓紧布局国家实验室,重组国家重点实验室体系。完善重大科技项目组织管理。健全以企业为主体的产学研一体化创新机制,支持企业牵头实施重大科技项目。加快建设科技创新资源开放共享平台,强化对中小企业的技术创新服务。扩大国际创新合作。全面加强知识产权保护,健全知识产权侵权惩罚性赔偿制度,促进发明创造和转化运用。科技创新本质上是人的创造性活动。要充分尊重和信任科研人员,赋予创新团队和领军人才更大的人财物支配权和技术路线决策权。进一步提高基础研究项目间接经费占比,开展项目经费使用“包干制”改革试点,不设科目比例限制,由科研团队自主决定使用。完善科技成果评价机制。要在推动科技体制改革举措落地见效上下功夫,决不能让改革政策停留在口头上、纸面上。大力简除烦苛,使科研人员潜心向学、创新突破。加强科研伦理和学风建设,惩戒学术不端,力戒浮躁之风。我国有世界上最大规模的科技人才队伍,营造良好的科研生态,就一定能够迎来各类英才竞现、创新成果泉涌的生动局面。

 

We will increase our ability to provide scientific and technological support.

 

We will increase support for basic research and application-oriented basic research, step up original innovation, and work harder to achieve breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields. We will act quickly to undertake overall planning on national laboratories and restructure the system of key national laboratories. We will improve the organization and management of major science and technology programs.

 

We will refine enterprise-led mechanisms for bringing together firms, universities, and research institutes to engage in innovation, and support companies in heading up major science and technology programs. We will speed up the development of platforms for sharing scientific and technological innovation resources, and provide better services to small and medium businesses to facilitate their technological innovation. Innovation cooperation with other countries will be expanded. We will strengthen intellectual property protection across the board, improve the system of punitive compensation for IP infringements, and promote invention and creation and their industrial application.

 

Technological innovation is in essence a human creative activity. We must fully respect and trust our scientists and researchers, and empower teams and leaders of innovation by placing more human, financial, and material resources at their disposal and giving them more power to make decisions on technology roadmaps. We will further increase the proportion of indirect funding for basic research projects, pilot the creation of ceilings in funding that enable the retention of unused funds, set no limits on the proportions of spending items, and give research teams the power to decide how to use funds. We will improve the assessment mechanisms for advances in science and technology.

 

We will work to ensure that measures to reform science and technology management systems are fully implemented, and must not allow reform policies to become hollow promises. We will work hard to cut red tape to enable researchers to concentrate on the pursuit of learning, innovation, and breakthroughs. We will strengthen research ethics, improve academic practice, take disciplinary action against academic misconduct, and guard firmly against rash action.

 

China has the largest pool of scientific and technological personnel in the world. If we foster a healthy research environment, we’ll be sure to see brilliant and capable people emerge in all fields and create a boundless stream of innovations.

 

进一步把大众创业万众创新引向深入。鼓励更多社会主体创新创业,拓展经济社会发展空间,加强全方位服务,发挥双创示范基地带动作用。强化普惠性支持,落实好小规模纳税人增值税起征点从月销售额3万元提高到10万元等税收优惠政策。改革完善金融支持机制,设立科创板并试点注册制,鼓励发行双创金融债券,扩大知识产权质押融资,支持发展创业投资。改革完善人才培养、使用、评价机制,优化归国留学人员和外籍人才服务。把面向市场需求和弘扬人文精神结合起来,善聚善用各类人才,中国创新一定能更好发展,为人类文明进步作出应有贡献。

 

We will do more to encourage startups and innovation nationwide.

 

We will encourage more private actors to engage in innovation and start businesses, expand the space for economic and social development, strengthen comprehensive services, and give play to the path-finding role of innovation and entrepreneurship demo centers.

 

We will strengthen inclusive support for innovation and business startups, and implement preferential tax policies such as raising the VAT threshold from 30,000 to 100,000 yuan in monthly sales for small-scale taxpayers.

 

We will reform and improve financial support mechanisms, establish a science and technology innovation board that will pilot an IPO registration system, encourage the issuing of special bonds for innovation and entrepreneurship, expand the use of intellectual property pledge financing, and support the growth of venture capital investment.

 

We will reform and improve mechanisms for training, employing, and evaluating capable people and provide better services for students returning from overseas and foreign professionals. By combining our response to market demand with a championing of the spirit of humanity, and by bringing together and using well capable people with talents of all kinds, we will be sure to see better development in Chinese innovation, and thus do our part for the progress of human civilization.

(四)促进形成强大国内市场,持续释放内需潜力。充分发挥消费的基础作用、投资的关键作用,稳定国内有效需求,为经济平稳运行提供有力支撑。

 

4. We will stimulate the development of a robust domestic market and keep unlocking the potential of domestic demand.

 

We will fully leverage the basic role of consumption and the key role of investment, ensure steady effective domestic demand, and thus boost stable economic performance.

 

推动消费稳定增长。多措并举促进城乡居民增收,增强消费能力。落实好新修订的个人所得税法,使符合减税政策的约8000万纳税人应享尽享。要顺应消费需求的新变化,多渠道增加优质产品和服务供给,加快破除民间资本进入的堵点。我国60岁以上人口已达2.5亿。要大力发展养老特别是社区养老服务业,对在社区提供日间照料、康复护理、助餐助行等服务的机构给予税费减免、资金支持、水电气热价格优惠等扶持,新建居住区应配套建设社区养老服务设施,加强农村养老服务设施建设,改革完善医养结合政策,扩大长期护理保险制度试点,让老年人拥有幸福的晚年,后来人就有可期的未来。婴幼儿照护事关千家万户。要针对实施全面两孩政策后的新情况,加快发展多种形式的婴幼儿照护服务,支持社会力量兴办托育服务机构,加强儿童安全保障。促进家政服务业提质扩容。发展全域旅游,壮大旅游产业。稳定汽车消费,继续执行新能源汽车购置优惠政策,推动充电、加氢等设施建设。发展消费新业态新模式,促进线上线下消费融合发展,培育消费新增长点。健全农村流通网络,支持电商和快递发展。加强消费者权益保护,让群众放心消费、便利消费。

 

We will promote steady growth in consumption.

 

We will use a combination of measures to increase urban and rural personal incomes and boost capacity for consumption. We will fully implement the revised Individual Income Tax Law to see that approximately 80 million taxpayers to whom reductions apply get the most out of these policies. We will adapt to new changes in consumption needs, use multiple avenues to increase the supply of quality products and services, and act faster to resolve problems and difficulties blocking the entry of private investment.

 

The number of people in China aged 60 and above has now reached 250 million. We will take significant steps to develop elderly care, especially community elderly care services. We will provide support to institutions offering services in the community like day care, rehabilitation care, and assisted meals and assisted mobility using measures such as tax and fee cuts and exemptions, funding support, and reduced charges for water, electricity, gas, and heating. New residential areas should include facilities for community elderly care services, and we will step up the development of such facilities in rural areas. We will reform and refine policies for integrating medical and elderly care services, and extend trials for long-term care insurance to cover more areas. Only when the elderly live happily can the young have a future to look forward to.

 

Infant and child care is important to millions of families. In response to the new demands created by the full implementation of the two-child policy, we will move faster to develop various types of infant and child care services, encourage private actors to run childcare and early childhood education agencies, and provide better protection for the safety of our children.

 

We will promote higher quality and an expansion of capacity in the housekeeping service sector. We will develop integrated tourism and strengthen the tourism industry. To maintain stable automobile consumption, we will continue preferential policies on the purchase of new-energy vehicles and facilitate the building of charging and hydrogenation facilities. We will develop new forms and models of consumption, promote the growth of both online and offline consumption, and foster new growth areas in consumer spending. We will improve logistics networks in rural areas and support the development of e-commerce and express delivery services. We will strengthen the protection of consumers’ rights and interests, and ensure worry-free and convenient consumption.

 

合理扩大有效投资。紧扣国家发展战略,加快实施一批重点项目。完成铁路投资8000亿元、公路水运投资1.8万亿元,再开工一批重大水利工程,加快川藏铁路规划建设,加大城际交通、物流、市政、灾害防治、民用和通用航空等基础设施投资力度,加强新一代信息基础设施建设。今年中央预算内投资安排5776亿元,比去年增加400亿元。创新项目融资方式,适当降低基础设施等项目资本金比例,用好开发性金融工具,吸引更多民间资本参与重点领域项目建设。落实民间投资支持政策,有序推进政府和社会资本合作。改革完善招投标制度。政府要带头讲诚信守契约,决不能“新官不理旧账”,对拖欠企业的款项年底前要清偿一半以上,决不允许增加新的拖欠。

 

We will expand effective investment as appropriate.

 

We will closely follow national development strategies and accelerate the implementation of a number of key projects. 800 billion yuan will be invested in railway construction, 1.8 trillion yuan will be invested in road construction and waterway projects, and work will start on a number of major water conservancy projects. We will speed up planning and construction of the Sichuan-Tibet Railway, and boost infrastructure investment for intercity transportation, logistics, utilities, disaster prevention and mitigation, and civil and general aviation. We will further develop next-generation information infrastructure. This year, 577.6 billion yuan is included in the central government budget for related investment, an increase of 40 billion yuan on last year.

 

We will explore new forms of project financing, lower as appropriate capital contribution requirements for infrastructure projects, make good use of developmental financial instruments, and attract more private capital into projects in key areas. We will see that policies to encourage private investment are implemented, and take systematic steps to strengthen cooperation between the government and private capital. We will undertake reforms to improve the public bidding system.

 

The government must set an example in acting in good faith and honoring contracts; new officials must not be allowed to get away with ignoring obligations undertaken by predecessors. Over 50 percent of overdue payments to enterprises must be made by the end of the year, and new arrears are impermissible.

 

(五)对标全面建成小康社会任务,扎实推进脱贫攻坚和乡村振兴。坚持农业农村优先发展,加强脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴统筹衔接,确保如期实现脱贫攻坚目标、农民生活达到全面小康水平。

 

5. We will make solid progress in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization and move closer to completing the tasks of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

 

We will continue to prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas, strengthen both poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and ensure that the poverty alleviation goals are achieved and rural living standards reach the level of moderate prosperity in all respects according to plan.

 

打好精准脱贫攻坚战。重点解决实现“两不愁三保障”面临的突出问题,加大“三区三州”等深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚力度,加强基础设施建设,落实对特殊贫困人口的保障措施。脱贫致富离不开产业支撑,要大力扶持贫困地区发展特色优势产业。开展贫困地区控辍保学专项行动、明显降低辍学率,继续增加重点高校专项招收农村和贫困地区学生人数,用好教育这个阻断贫困代际传递的治本之策。基本完成“十三五”易地扶贫搬迁规划建设任务,加强后续扶持。对摘帽县和脱贫人口的扶持政策要保持一段时间,巩固脱贫成果。完善考核监督,用好中央脱贫攻坚专项巡视成果。越是到脱贫攻坚的关键阶段,越要抓实抓细各项工作,确保脱贫有实效、可持续、经得起历史检验。

 

We will beat poverty with precision alleviation.

 

We will give priority to our work of seeing that the basic living needs of rural poor populations are met and that such people have access to compulsory education, basic medical services, and housing. We will intensify poverty alleviation in areas of extreme poverty like the “three regions and three prefectures,” strengthen infrastructure development in such areas, and ensure social safeguards for the most vulnerable groups.

 

The eradication of poverty and achievement of prosperity cannot happen without the support of industries. We will do more to support impoverished areas in developing businesses that leverage local strengths.

 

We will launch an initiative to address school dropout rates and ensure attendance, and achieve clear reductions in rural student dropout rates in poor areas. We will continue to increase the size of special enrollment quotas at key universities for students from rural and poor areas, and make full use of the fundamental role of education in stopping poverty from being passed on to the next generation.

 

We will move toward completion of the 13th Five-Year Plan’s construction tasks for planned relocations of poor populations from inhospitable areas, and strengthen follow-up support. Support policies that apply to counties and populations that have recently been lifted out of poverty will be maintained for a period to consolidate progress in poverty alleviation. We will improve evaluation and oversight, and ensure that the results of special inspections on poverty alleviation by central government inspection teams serve their intended purpose. The further we get in the crucial stage of the fight, the greater the need, in every aspect of our work, to tackle real problems with attention paid to details, to be certain to deliver substantive, sustainable outcomes that stand the test of time.

 

抓好农业特别是粮食生产。近14亿中国人的饭碗,必须牢牢端在自己手上。要稳定粮食产量,优化品种结构。加强农田水利建设,新增高标准农田8000万亩以上。稳定生猪等畜禽生产,做好非洲猪瘟等疫病防控。加快农业科技改革创新,大力发展现代种业,加强先进实用技术推广,实施地理标志农产品保护工程,推进农业全程机械化。培育家庭农场、农民合作社等新型经营主体,加强面向小农户的社会化服务,发展多种形式规模经营。扶持主产区发展农产品精深加工。支持返乡入乡创业创新,推动一二三产业融合发展,壮大县域经济。务工收入是农民增收的大头。要根治拖欠农民工工资问题,抓紧制定专门行政法规,确保付出辛劳和汗水的农民工按时拿到应有的报酬。

 

We will improve agriculture, particularly grain production.

 

We must ensure, through our own efforts, the grain supply for almost 1.4 billion Chinese people. To this end, we will keep grain output stable and optimize the mix of crop varieties. We will strengthen farmland irrigation and water conservancy, and increase the area of high-standard cropland by no less than 5.33 million hectares. We will ensure that the production of hogs and other types of livestock, and poultry, remains stable, and strengthen the prevention and control of epidemics and diseases like African swine fever.

 

We will speed up reform and innovation in agricultural technologies, make a big push to develop a modern seed industry, step up efforts to encourage the widespread use of advanced practical technologies, implement programs to protect agricultural products with geographical indications, and advance the mechanization of entire agricultural production processes. We will foster new types of agricultural businesses such as family farms and farmer cooperatives, improve commercial services catering to small agricultural households, and develop a diverse range of large-scale agricultural operations. We will support major agricultural production areas in developing intensive farm product processing.

 

We will provide support to people who are returning or moving to the countryside to start businesses or pursue innovations, promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, and strengthen county economies. Income from non-agricultural work plays a big part in increasing rural incomes. We must address at the root wage arrears owed to rural migrant workers, act fast to draw up government regulations specifically with this aim, and make sure that our hard-working rural migrant workers get the pay they have earned on time.

 

扎实推进乡村建设。科学编制和实施建设规划,大力改善生产生活条件。加快实施农村饮水安全巩固提升工程,今明两年要解决好饮水困难人口的饮水安全问题,提高6000万农村人口供水保障水平。完成新一轮农村电网升级改造。新建改建农村公路20万公里。继续推进农村危房改造。因地制宜开展农村人居环境整治,推进“厕所革命”、垃圾污水治理,建设美丽乡村。

 

We will take solid steps to upgrade rural infrastructure.

 

To significantly improve living and working conditions, we will design sound development plans and put them into effect. Implementation will be accelerated of programs to consolidate and build on progress already made in providing safe drinking water in rural areas. Remaining problems in access to safe drinking water will be resolved within two years so that an additional 60 million rural residents have access to safe drinking water. The new round of rural power grid upgrading will be completed. Roughly 200,000 kilometers of rural roads will be built or improved. We will continue to renovate dilapidated rural houses. We will work to improve rural living environments in light of local conditions, make progress in the Toilet Revolution, and improve garbage and sewage treatment to build a beautiful countryside.

 

全面深化农村改革。推广农村土地征收、集体经营性建设用地入市、宅基地制度改革试点成果。深化集体产权、集体林权、国有林区林场、农垦、供销社等改革。改革完善农业支持保护体系,健全粮食价格市场化形成机制,扩大政策性农业保险改革试点,创新和加强农村金融服务。持续深化农村改革,广袤乡村必将焕发新的生机活力。

 

We will deepen comprehensive rural reforms.

 

We will expand the use of practices proven successful through trials of rural land requisitions, marketing rural collective land for development purposes, and reforming the system of rural residential land.

 

We will deepen reforms relating to collective property rights, collective forest tenure, state forestry areas and farms, state farms, and supply and marketing cooperatives. We will reform and improve the agricultural protection and support system, refine the market-based pricing mechanism for grains, expand trial reforms on policy-based agricultural insurance, and create new and better ways of providing financial services in rural areas. Rural reforms will be deepened, and all these efforts will without doubt inject new vitality in China’s vast countryside.

(六)促进区域协调发展,提高新型城镇化质量。围绕解决发展不平衡不充分问题,改革完善相关机制和政策,促进基本公共服务均等化,推动区域优势互补、城乡融合发展。

 

6. We will promote coordinated development across regions and improve the quality of new urbanization.

 

To address unbalanced and insufficient development, we will reform and refine the relevant mechanisms and policies to equalize access to basic public services, enable regions to complement each other with their respective strengths, and promote integrated urban-rural development.

 

优化区域发展格局。制定西部开发开放新的政策措施,西部地区企业所得税优惠等政策到期后继续执行。落实和完善促进东北全面振兴、中部地区崛起、东部率先发展的改革创新举措。京津冀协同发展重在疏解北京非首都功能,高标准建设雄安新区。落实粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要,促进规则衔接,推动生产要素流动和人员往来便利化。将长三角区域一体化发展上升为国家战略,编制实施发展规划纲要。长江经济带发展要坚持上中下游协同,加强生态保护修复和综合交通运输体系建设,打造高质量发展经济带。支持资源型地区经济转型。加快补齐革命老区、民族地区、边疆地区、贫困地区发展短板。大力发展蓝色经济,保护海洋环境,建设海洋强国。

 

We will improve the layout of development for all our regions.

 

To promote development and opening-up in the west of China, we will adopt new policies and measures and continue current policies like corporate income tax relief for the region on their expiration. Reforms and innovative measures will be implemented and improved to facilitate northeast China’s full revitalization, central China’s rise, and east China’s trailblazing development.

 

In pursuing integrated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, we will give priority to relieving Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital and on developing the Xiongan New Area according to high standards.

 

In developing the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, we will work to ensure the development plan’s implementation, achieving compatibility between each region’s rules, and facilitating flows of factors of production and the movement of people.

 

We will elevate the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta to the status of national strategy and design and implement an overall development plan.

 

In the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt, we will continue to pursue coordinated development along the upper, middle, and lower reaches of the river, and strengthen both the protection and restoration of ecosystems and the development of a comprehensive transportation system, to create a belt of quality economic development.

 

We will support economic transformation in resource-depleted areas. We will move faster to strengthen development in old revolutionary base areas, areas with large ethnic minority populations, border areas, and poor areas to help them catch up. We will develop the blue economy, protect the marine environment, and strengthen China’s maritime development.

 

深入推进新型城镇化。坚持以中心城市引领城市群发展。抓好农业转移人口落户,推动城镇基本公共服务覆盖常住人口。更好解决群众住房问题,落实城市主体责任,改革完善住房市场体系和保障体系,促进房地产市场平稳健康发展。继续推进保障性住房建设和城镇棚户区改造,保障困难群体基本居住需求。继续推进地下综合管廊建设。城镇老旧小区量大面广,要大力进行改造提升,更新水电路气等配套设施,支持加装电梯和无障碍环境建设,健全便民市场、便利店、步行街、停车场等生活服务设施。新型城镇化要处处体现以人为核心,提高柔性化治理、精细化服务水平,让城市更加宜居,更具包容和人文关怀。

 

We will advance new urbanization.

 

We will continue to stimulate the development of city clusters through the development of leading cities. We will make more progress in granting permanent urban residency to people who have moved to cities from the countryside and work toward making basic urban public services cover all permanent urban residents.

 

We will better address people’s housing needs, require local governments to shoulder primary responsibility, reform and improve housing market and support systems, and sustain the steady and healthy development of real estate markets. We will continue to build government subsidized housing and rebuild rundown urban areas to meet the basic housing needs of disadvantaged groups.

 

We will continue to improve underground utility tunnels. Old residential areas in cities are large in both number and area. We will make a big push toward their regeneration, update their roads, water, power, and gas supplies and other supporting infrastructure; support the installation of elevators and the development of barrier-free environments; and improve amenities like markets, convenience stores, pedestrian streets, and parking lots.

 

New urbanization should be people-centered in every respect: we need to be better at conducting flexible governance and providing thoughtfully-designed services to make our cities more livable and give them a more inclusive and welcoming feel.

 

(七)加强污染防治和生态建设,大力推动绿色发展。绿色发展是构建现代化经济体系的必然要求,是解决污染问题的根本之策。要改革完善相关制度,协同推动高质量发展与生态环境保护。

 

7. We will strengthen pollution prevention and control, enhance ecological improvement, and make big advances in green development.

 

Green development is a critical element of modernizing an economy; it is also a fundamental solution to pollution. We will reform and refine relevant systems, and pursue both high-quality development and environmental protection.

 

持续推进污染防治。巩固扩大蓝天保卫战成果,今年二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量要下降3%,重点地区细颗粒物(PM2.5)浓度继续下降。持续开展京津冀及周边、长三角、汾渭平原大气污染治理攻坚,加强工业、燃煤、机动车三大污染源治理。做好北方地区清洁取暖工作,确保群众温暖过冬。强化水、土壤污染防治,今年化学需氧量、氨氮排放量要下降2%。加快治理黑臭水体,防治农业面源污染,推进重点流域和近岸海域综合整治。加强固体废弃物和城市垃圾分类处置,促进减量化、资源化、无害化。加强污染防治重大科技攻关。企业作为污染防治主体,必须依法履行环保责任。改革创新环境治理方式,对企业既依法依规监管,又重视合理诉求、加强帮扶指导,对需要达标整改的给予合理过渡期,避免处置措施简单粗暴、一关了之。企业有内在动力和外部压力,污染防治一定能取得更大成效。

 

We will keep intensifying efforts to prevent and control pollution.

 

Gains made in the fight to keep our skies blue will be consolidated and expanded. This year, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions will be cut by 3 percent, and there will be a continuous decline in PM2.5 concentrations in key areas. We will continue to curb air pollution in and around the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, in the Yangtze River Delta, and in the Fenhe-Weihe River Plain area. We will make stronger moves to tackle three major sources of pollution: industrial production, coal used as fuel, and motor vehicles. We will make a good job of promoting clean heating in northern China and ensure people’s homes are warm for the winter.

 

Water and soil pollution prevention and control will be strengthened, and this year we will achieve a 2-percent drop in both chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions. Efforts to clean up black, malodorous water bodies will be accelerated; work will take place to prevent and control agricultural pollution from non-point sources; and comprehensive measures will be taken to improve the environment in key river basins and offshore areas. We will step up sorting in solid waste and urban garbage disposal, and work toward the reduction, recycling, and safe disposal of such waste. We will intensify efforts to achieve major scientific and technological breakthroughs in pollution prevention and control.

 

As the primary actors in pollution prevention and control, enterprises must fulfill their responsibility of protecting the environment according to law. We need to reform and find new approaches to environmental governance. While we must conduct oversight over enterprises in compliance with laws and regulations, we must also heed their justified concerns and provide better assistance and guidance to them. Enterprises that need to take measures to meet standards should be given a reasonable grace period to do so, and we must avoid handling things in a simplistic and crude way or just shutting firms down to be done with it. When enterprises have both motivation themselves and external pressure, our work to prevent and control pollution is certain to produce more effective results.

 

壮大绿色环保产业。坚持源头治理,加快火电、钢铁行业超低排放改造,实施重污染行业达标排放改造。调整优化能源结构。推进煤炭清洁化利用。健全天然气产供储销体系。大力发展可再生能源,加快解决风、光、水电消纳问题。加大城市污水管网和处理设施建设力度。促进资源节约集约和循环利用,推广绿色建筑、绿色快递包装。改革完善环境经济政策,健全排污权交易制度,加快发展绿色金融,培育一批专业化环保骨干企业,提升绿色发展能力。

 

We will strengthen green and environmentally-friendly industries.

 

To address problems at the source, we will quicken the pace of upgrading in thermal power, steel, and other industries to achieve ultra-low emissions, and enforce upgrades in heavy-polluting sectors to achieve compliance with standards. We will adjust and improve the energy mix, promote the cleaner use of coal, and establish better systems for the production, supply, storage, and sale of natural gas. We will promote the dynamic development of renewable energy, and work faster to address the problem of idle capacity in wind, solar, and hydroelectric power. The development of sewer networks and treatment facilities in urban areas will be sped up. We will encourage the economical and intensive use of resources and their recycling, and expand the construction of eco-friendly buildings and the use of green packaging in the delivery industry.

 

We will reform and improve environmental economic policies, improve the pollution rights trading system, accelerate the development of green finance, develop leading enterprises specializing in environmental protection, and enhance our capacity for green development.

 

加强生态系统保护修复。推进山水林田湖草生态保护修复工程试点,持续抓好国土绿化,加强荒漠化、石漠化、水土流失治理。加大生物多样性保护力度。继续开展退耕还林还草还湿。深化国家公园体制改革。健全生态补偿机制。绿色发展人人有责,贵在行动、成在坚持。我们要共同努力,让人民群众享有美丽宜居环境。

 

We will step up efforts to protect and restore ecosystems.

 

We will press ahead with trials to conserve and restore the ecosystems of mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, farmland, and grassland. We will continue to strengthen afforestation and the control of desertification, rock desertification, and soil erosion. Biodiversity protection will be strengthened. Work will continue on turning marginal farmland into forest, grassland, and wetlands. Reform of the national parks system will be deepened. Compensation mechanisms for ecological conservation will be improved.

 

Promoting green development is down to every last one of us; its success hinges on action and commitment. We must all work together to create a beautiful and livable environment for our people.

(八)深化重点领域改革,加快完善市场机制。聚焦突出矛盾和关键环节,推动相关改革深化,健全与高质量发展相适应的体制机制,把市场活力和社会创造力充分释放出来。

 

8. We will deepen reforms in key sectors and speed up the improvement of market mechanisms.

 

We will focus on resolving acute problems and strengthening key links, deepen relevant reforms, make our systems and mechanisms better able to promote high-quality development, and fully unlock market dynamism and social creativity.

 

加快国资国企改革。加强和完善国有资产监管,推进国有资本投资、运营公司改革试点,促进国有资产保值增值。积极稳妥推进混合所有制改革。完善公司治理结构,健全市场化经营机制,建立职业经理人等制度。依法处置“僵尸企业”。深化电力、油气、铁路等领域改革,自然垄断行业要根据不同行业特点实行网运分开,将竞争性业务全面推向市场。国有企业要通过改革创新、强身健体,不断增强发展活力和核心竞争力。

 

We will accelerate state capital and SOE reforms.

 

We will strengthen and improve the regulation of state assets, and continue to conduct trial reforms to establish state capital investment and management companies, so as to maintain and increase the value of state assets. Reforms to introduce mixed ownership will be actively but prudently advanced.

 

We will improve corporate governance structures, make their operating mechanisms market-based, and introduce measures and practices such as hiring professional managers.

 

We will work in accordance with law to address “zombie enterprises.” Reforms will be deepened in sectors including power, oil and natural gas, and railways. In natural monopoly industries, network ownership and operation will be separated in light of the specific conditions of these industries to make the competitive aspects of their operations fully market based. SOEs should get stronger and healthier through reform and innovation to continue increasing their vitality and core competitiveness.

 

下大气力优化民营经济发展环境。坚持“两个毫不动摇”,鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展。按照竞争中性原则,在要素获取、准入许可、经营运行、政府采购和招投标等方面,对各类所有制企业平等对待。构建亲清新型政商关系,健全政企沟通机制,激发企业家精神,促进民营经济发展升级。保护产权必须坚定不移,对侵权行为要依法惩处,对错案冤案要有错必纠。要努力打造良好营商环境,让企业家安心搞经营、放心办企业。

 

We will work for big improvements in the development environment for the private sector.

 

We will uphold the “two no irresolutions” principle, and encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector. We will follow the principle of competitive neutrality, so that when it comes to access to factors of production, market access and licenses, business operations, government procurement, public biddings, and so on, enterprises under all forms of ownership will be treated on an equal footing.

 

We will foster a new type of cordial and clean relationship between government and business, improve mechanisms for their communication, inspire entrepreneurial spirit, and promote development and upgrading in the private sector.

 

In the protection of property rights, we must be firm and unwavering. Infringements on property rights will be dealt with in accordance with law and any wrongly adjudicated cases will be corrected. We will strive to create a positive business environment in which entrepreneurs can be free of concerns in doing business and running companies.

 

深化财税金融体制改革。加大预算公开改革力度,全面实施预算绩效管理。深化中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革,推进中央与地方收入划分改革。完善转移支付制度。健全地方税体系,稳步推进房地产税立法。规范地方政府举债融资机制。以服务实体经济为导向,改革优化金融体系结构,发展民营银行和社区银行。改革完善资本市场基础制度,促进多层次资本市场健康稳定发展,提高直接融资特别是股权融资比重。增强保险业风险保障功能。加强金融风险监测预警和化解处置。我国财政金融体系总体稳健,可运用的政策工具多,我们有能力守住不发生系统性风险的底线。

 

We will deepen reforms of the fiscal, taxation, and financial systems.

 

We will take further reform measures to make budgets more transparent, and conduct performance-based budget management across the country. We will deepen the reform to define the respective fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities of central and local governments and move forward with reforming the way revenue is divided between them. We will improve the transfer payments system. We will improve local tax systems and make steady progress in legislation on real estate tax. We will improve the mechanisms by which local governments secure financing.

 

We will reform and improve the structure of the financial system, and develop private and community banks, to better serve the real economy. We will reform and improve the basic systems of the capital market to promote the healthy and steady development of multi-tiered capital markets. The proportion of direct financing, particularly equity financing, will be increased. The insurance sector’s role in protecting against risk will be enhanced. We will strengthen monitoring, early warnings, mitigation, and control of financial risks.

 

China’s fiscal and financial systems are on the whole stable, and we have many policy tools available, so we are fully capable of ensuring that no systemic risks will emerge.

 

(九)推动全方位对外开放,培育国际经济合作和竞争新优势。进一步拓展开放领域、优化开放布局,继续推动商品和要素流动型开放,更加注重规则等制度型开放,以高水平开放带动改革全面深化。

 

9. We will promote all-round opening-up and foster new strengths in international economic cooperation and competition.

 

We will open more sectors and improve the layout of opening-up, continue to promote opening-up based on flows of goods and factors of production, and give greater emphasis to opening-up based on rules and related institutions, driving an all-round deepening of reforms through high-standard opening-up.

 

促进外贸稳中提质。推动出口市场多元化。扩大出口信用保险覆盖面。改革完善跨境电商等新业态扶持政策。推动服务贸易创新发展,引导加工贸易转型升级、向中西部转移,发挥好综合保税区作用。优化进口结构,积极扩大进口。办好第二届中国国际进口博览会。加快提升通关便利化水平。

 

We will promote stable and higher-quality growth of foreign trade.

 

We will work to diversify export markets. We will expand the coverage of export credit insurance, and reform and improve support policies for new forms of business such as cross-border e-commerce. We will encourage innovative development in service trade, guide the transformation and upgrading of processing trade and its shift to the central and western regions, and give better play to the role of integrated bonded areas. The import mix will be improved and imports will be actively expanded. We will host the second China International Import Expo. We will step up efforts to facilitate customs clearance.

 

加大吸引外资力度。进一步放宽市场准入,缩减外资准入负面清单,允许更多领域实行外资独资经营。落实金融等行业改革开放举措,完善债券市场开放政策。加快与国际通行经贸规则对接,提高政策透明度和执行一致性,营造内外资企业一视同仁、公平竞争的公正市场环境。加强外商合法权益保护。赋予自贸试验区更大改革创新自主权,增设上海自贸试验区新片区,推进海南自贸试验区建设、探索建设中国特色自由贸易港。支持国家级经开区、高新区、新区开展自贸试验区相关改革试点,增强辐射带动作用,打造改革开放新高地。中国投资环境一定会越来越好,各国企业在华发展机遇一定会越来越多。

 

We will do more to attract foreign investment.

 

We will further relax controls over market access, shorten the negative list for foreign investment, and permit wholly foreign funded enterprises to operate in more sectors. We will implement reform and opening-up measures in the financial and other sectors, and improve policies on opening the bond market. We will further align our policies with internationally accepted trade rules, enhance policy transparency and consistency in implementation, and create a fair and impartial market environment where Chinese and foreign companies are treated as equals and engage in fair competition. We will strengthen efforts to protect foreign investors’ lawful rights and interests.

 

We will grant greater autonomy to pilot free trade zones to carry out reform and innovation, expand the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, step up the building of the China (Hainan) Pilot Free Trade Zone, and explore the opening of a free trade port with Chinese features. We will support national-level economic development zones, new- and high-tech development zones, and new areas in implementing trial reforms pioneered and developed in pilot free trade zones, so that they can better lead their surrounding areas and grow into pacesetters of reform and opening-up. China’s investment environment is all set to get better and better, which means more and more business opportunities for foreign companies in China are a sure thing.

 

推动共建“一带一路”。坚持共商共建共享,遵循市场原则和国际通行规则,发挥企业主体作用,推动基础设施互联互通,加强国际产能合作,拓展第三方市场合作。办好第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。推动对外投资合作健康有序发展。

 

We will promote the joint pursuit of the BRI.

 

We will adhere to the principle of pursuing shared growth through discussion and collaboration and observe market principles and international rules. We will see that enterprises are the main actors, advance infrastructural connectivity, strengthen international cooperation on production capacity, and expand third-party market cooperation. We will host the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. We will work to ensure the healthy and orderly growth of outbound investment and international cooperation.

 

促进贸易和投资自由化便利化。中国坚定维护经济全球化和自由贸易,积极参与世贸组织改革。加快构建高标准自贸区网络,推进区域全面经济伙伴关系协定、中日韩自贸区、中欧投资协定谈判,继续推动中美经贸磋商。中国秉持互利合作、共赢发展,一贯主张通过平等协商解决贸易争端。我们对作出的承诺认真履行,对自身合法权益坚决维护。

 

We will promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

 

China is committed to safeguarding economic globalization and free trade, and is actively involved in the reform of the World Trade Organization. We will accelerate the establishment of a network of high-standard free trade areas, advance negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, the China-Japan-RoK Free Trade Agreement, and the China-EU Investment Agreement, and continue to promote China-US economic and trade negotiations. China is committed to mutually beneficial cooperation, win-win development and settling trade disputes through discussion as equals. We faithfully honor our commitments and are resolute in safeguarding our lawful rights and interests.

(十)加快发展社会事业,更好保障和改善民生。今年财政收支平衡压力加大,但基本民生投入确保只增不减。支持社会力量增加非基本公共服务供给,满足群众多层次、多样化需求。

 

10. We will speed up the development of social programs to better ensure and improve living standards.

 

Although the pressure of maintaining a balanced budget will grow this year, inputs to ensure basic living standards will only be increased and not cut. We will support private actors in boosting the supply of non-basic public services to meet people’s multilevel and diverse needs.

 

发展更加公平更有质量的教育。深化教育教学改革。推进城乡义务教育一体化发展,加快改善乡村学校办学条件,加强乡村教师队伍建设,抓紧解决城镇学校“大班额”问题,保障进城务工人员随迁子女教育,发展“互联网+教育”,促进优质资源共享。多渠道扩大学前教育供给,无论是公办还是民办幼儿园,只要符合安全标准、收费合理、家长放心,政府都要支持。推进高中阶段教育普及,办好民族教育、特殊教育、继续教育,依法支持民办教育发展。持续抓好义务教育教师工资待遇落实。推进一流大学和一流学科建设,支持中西部建设有特色、高水平大学。今年财力虽然很紧张,国家财政性教育经费占国内生产总值比例继续保持在4%以上,中央财政教育支出安排超过1万亿元。我们要切实把宝贵的资金用好,努力办好人民满意的教育,托起明天的希望。

 

We will develop more equitable and higher quality education.

 

We will deepen education and teaching reforms. We will promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education, move faster to improve conditions in rural schools, strengthen the ranks of teachers working in the countryside, quickly address the problem of oversized classes in urban schools, and ensure access to education for children living with their migrant worker parents in cities. We will develop Internet Plus Education models and promote quality resource sharing.

 

We will increase the supply of pre-school education through multiple avenues. The government will support all kindergartens that meet safety standards, charge reasonable fees, and have the trust of parents, regardless of whether they are public or private. We will continue work to make senior secondary education universal, provide quality ethnic minority education, special needs education, and continuing education, and support the development of private schools in accordance with law.

 

We will continue to strictly ensure the full payment of pay packages to teachers working in compulsory education. We will continue efforts to develop world-class universities and world-class disciplines, and support the central and western regions in building universities with their own character and of a high quality. This year, despite significant fiscal constraints, government budgetary spending on education will remain above 4 percent of GDP, and central government spending on education will exceed one trillion yuan. We need to use these precious funds well, and work hard to provide education that our people are happy with, to do justice to our hope for tomorrow.

 

保障基本医疗卫生服务。继续提高城乡居民基本医保和大病保险保障水平,居民医保人均财政补助标准增加30元,一半用于大病保险。降低并统一大病保险起付线,报销比例由50%提高到60%,进一步减轻大病患者、困难群众医疗负担。加强重大疾病防治。我国受癌症困扰的家庭以千万计,要实施癌症防治行动,推进预防筛查、早诊早治和科研攻关,着力缓解民生的痛点。做好常见慢性病防治,把高血压、糖尿病等门诊用药纳入医保报销。加快儿童药物研发。加强罕见病用药保障。深化医保支付方式改革,优化医保支出结构。抓紧落实和完善跨省异地就医直接结算政策,尽快使异地就医患者在所有定点医院能持卡看病、即时结算,切实便利流动人口和随迁老人。完善药品集中采购和使用机制。深化公立医院综合改革。促进社会办医。发展“互联网+医疗健康”,加快建立远程医疗服务体系,加强基层医疗卫生机构能力建设和医护人员培养,提升分级诊疗和家庭医生签约服务质量。坚持预防为主,将新增基本公共卫生服务财政补助经费全部用于村和社区,务必让基层群众受益。抓好传染病、地方病、青少年近视防治。完善生育配套政策,加强妇幼保健服务。支持中医药事业传承创新发展。加强健康教育和健康管理。药品疫苗攸关生命安全,必须强化全程监管,对违法者要严惩不贷,对失职渎职者要严肃查办,坚决守住人民群众生命健康的防线。

 

We will ensure access to basic medical and health services.

 

We will continue to increase basic medical insurance and serious disease insurance protection for rural and non-working urban residents. Government subsidies for resident medical insurance will be raised by an average of 30 yuan per person, half of which is to be used for serious disease insurance.

 

We will lower and unify the deductible line for serious disease insurance, raise the reimbursement rate from 50 to 60 percent, and further reduce the burden of medical care for people with serious diseases and people living in poverty.

 

We will strengthen the prevention and treatment of serious diseases. Tens of millions of Chinese families are affected by cancer. To ease this pain that has such an effect on people’s lives, we will take action in cancer prevention and treatment, and promote preventive screening, early diagnosis and treatment, and breakthroughs in cancer research. We will improve prevention and treatment of common chronic illnesses. Outpatient medicines for treating high blood pressure, diabetes, et cetera, will be made reimbursable under the medical insurance scheme. We will speed up R&D on medicines for children. We will improve the guarantees for drugs used in treating rare diseases.

 

We will deepen the reform of medical insurance payment models and refine the spending structure of medical insurance funds. We will speedily implement and improve the policy on inter-provincial on-the-spot settlement of medical bills through basic medical insurance accounts; we will work as quickly as possible to enable patients to use their medical insurance cards for medical treatment in any designated hospitals and settle their bills straight away regardless of the locality. This will make things easier for the migrant population and for elderly people who relocate to be with their children.

 

We will improve the mechanisms for centralized medicine procurement and use. We will deepen the comprehensive reform of public hospitals and encourage the development of private hospitals. We will develop Internet Plus Healthcare models, establish a system for remote medical care services, strengthen efforts to build the capacity of community-level healthcare institutions and train their workers, and improve services provided both under the tiered diagnosis and treatment model and by contracted family doctors.

 

Prevention will continue to be our priority. The increase in government subsidies for basic public health service expenditures will be used entirely for villages and communities, to ensure direct benefits to the people. We will work to ensure the effective prevention and control of infectious diseases, endemic diseases, and myopia in children and young people. We will refine supporting policies for childbirth and improve maternal and child healthcare services. We will support the preservation, innovation, and development of traditional Chinese medicine. Health education and management will be strengthened.

 

Drugs and vaccines protect lives. We must strengthen the entire process of their regulation from production to use. We will bring lawbreakers to justice, and investigate negligence and the dereliction of duty and hold the guilty to account, to guard the line protecting the lives and health of our people.

 

完善社会保障制度和政策。推进多层次养老保障体系建设。继续提高退休人员基本养老金。落实退役军人待遇保障,完善退役士兵基本养老、基本医疗保险接续政策。适当提高城乡低保、专项救助等标准,加强困境儿童保障。加大城镇困难职工脱困力度。提升残疾预防和康复服务水平。我们要尽力为群众救急解困、雪中送炭,基本民生的底线要坚决兜牢。

 

We will improve the social security system and related policies.

 

We will build a robust multilevel aged-care social protection system and continue to increase the basic retirement pension. We will ensure benefits for demobilized military personnel, and improve the policy on their basic medical insurance and basic aged-care insurance. Urban and rural subsistence allowances and special assistance benefits will be adequately increased and social protection for children in difficult situations will be improved. Efforts will be intensified to assist struggling urban employees to get out of poverty. Disability prevention and rehabilitation services will be improved. We must do our best to address urgent needs of people in difficulty, provide help when they need it most and ensure that the basic living needs of the people are met.

 

丰富人民群众精神文化生活。培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,广泛开展群众性精神文明创建活动,大力弘扬奋斗精神、科学精神、劳模精神、工匠精神,汇聚起向上向善的强大力量。加快构建中国特色哲学社会科学。加强互联网内容建设。繁荣文艺创作,发展新闻出版、广播影视和档案等事业。加强文物保护利用和非物质文化遗产传承。推动文化事业和文化产业改革发展,提升基层公共文化服务能力。倡导全民阅读,推进学习型社会建设。深化中外人文交流。广泛开展全民健身活动。扎实做好2020年奥运会、残奥会备战工作,精心筹办北京冬奥会、冬残奥会,办好第七届世界军人运动会。人民群众身心健康,社会就充满活力,国家就繁荣兴旺。

 

We will work to enrich the intellectual and cultural life of our people.

 

We will foster and practice core socialist values, carry out a broad range of public activities to promote cultural and ethical advancement, and encourage the spirit of struggle, the spirit of science, a role-model work ethic, and the pursuit of fine workmanship. This will create a powerful source of aspiration for the pursuit of excellence and moral integrity.

 

We will accelerate the development of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese features. We will intensify efforts to improve online content. We will work to see that art and literature thrive, and develop the press, publishing, radio, film, television, and archiving. The protection and use of cultural relics and the preservation of intangible cultural heritage will be strengthened. We will promote the reform and development of cultural programs and industries and build stronger public cultural service capacity at the community level. We will champion a culture of reading among our people and advance the building of a learning society. People-to-people and cultural exchanges with other countries will be boosted.

 

Extensive Fitness-for-All activities will be carried out. We will make sure we’re ready for the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games, undertake detailed planning and preparatory work for the 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics in Beijing, and host a successful Seventh World Military Games. When our people are in good health both mentally and physically, our society will be full of vitality, and our country will thrive.

 

加强和创新社会治理。推动社会治理重心向基层下移,推广促进社会和谐的“枫桥经验”,构建城乡社区治理新格局。引导支持社会组织、人道救助、志愿服务和慈善事业健康发展。健全社会信用体系。保障妇女、儿童、老人、残疾人合法权益。改进信访工作,依法及时解决群众合理诉求。加强社会心理服务。健全国家应急体系,提高防灾减灾救灾能力。加强安全生产,防范遏制重特大事故。做好地震、气象、水文、地质、测绘等工作。健全公共法律服务体系,深化普法宣传教育。加强国家安全能力建设。完善立体化社会治安防控体系,深入推进扫黑除恶专项斗争,依法惩治盗抢骗黄赌毒等违法犯罪活动,打击非法集资、传销等经济犯罪,整治侵犯公民个人信息等突出问题,坚决守护好人民群众的平安生活。

 

We will strengthen social governance and explore new ways to conduct it.

 

We will shift the focus of social governance to the community level, extend the Fengqiao experience in promoting social harmony, and develop a new model of urban and rural community governance. We will guide and support the healthy development of social organizations, humanitarian assistance, volunteer services, and charity. The social credit system will be improved. We will protect the legitimate rights and interests of women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities. We will improve work to address public complaints, and work in line with law to promptly meet justified public demands. We will improve public psychological and counseling services.

 

We will improve the national emergency response system and our capacity for disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief. We will strengthen workplace safety and resolutely guard against and curb the occurrence of serious and major accidents. Seismological, meteorological, hydrological, geological, and mapping work will be done well.

 

We will improve the public legal service system and continue activities to improve public awareness of laws. We will strengthen national security capacity building.

 

We will improve the multidimensional crime prevention and control system, and intensify the special campaign to root out organized crime and local mafia. We will, in accordance with law, punish illegal and criminal offenses such as theft, robbery, fraud, pornography, gambling, and drug-related crime, crack down on economic crimes like illegal fundraising and pyramid schemes, and tackle prominent problems such as the abuse of personal information. In short, we will make every effort to ensure that our people live in peace and safety.

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

新的形势和任务,对政府工作提出了新的更高要求。各级政府要树牢“四个意识”,坚定“四个自信”,坚决做到“两个维护”,自觉在思想上政治上行动上同以习近平同志为核心的党中央保持高度一致,落实全面从严治党要求,勇于自我革命,深入推进简政放权,加快转职能、提效能,增强政府公信力和执行力,更好满足人民对美好生活的新期待。

 

The new developments and tasks have created new and higher demands for the work of government.

 

At every level of government, we should keep firmly in mind the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment. We should strengthen our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should resolutely uphold General Secretary Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and resolutely uphold the Party Central Committee’s authority and its centralized, unified leadership. And we should maintain a high degree of unity in thought, stance, and action with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core and exercise full and rigorous self-discipline in the Party.

 

We should have the courage to conduct self-reform, further streamline administration and delegate power, speed up the transformation of our functions and the improvement of our performance, and strengthen government credibility and capacity for execution, to better meet the people’s new expectations for a better life.

 

坚持依法全面履职。深入贯彻全面依法治国基本方略,严格遵守宪法法律,把政府活动全面纳入法治轨道。各级政府要依法接受同级人大及其常委会的监督,自觉接受人民政协的民主监督,主动接受社会和舆论监督,让权力在阳光下运行。政府干的,都应是人民盼的。要坚持科学、民主、依法决策,认真听取人大代表、政协委员意见,听取民主党派、工商联、无党派人士和各人民团体意见,听取社会公众和企业意见,使各项政策符合基本国情和客观实际,更接地气、更合民意。全面推进政务公开。支持工会、共青团、妇联等群团组织更好发挥作用。全面落实行政执法责任制和问责制,对一切违法违规的行为都要坚决查处,对一切执法不公正不文明的现象都要坚决整治,对所有行政不作为的人员都要坚决追责。

 

We will continue to fully perform the functions of government in accordance with law.

 

We must fully implement the basic strategy on comprehensive law-based governance, strictly abide by the Constitution and the law, and bring all government activities into line with the rule of law.

 

At every level of government, we must accept, as law requires, the oversight of the people’s congresses and their standing committees at the corresponding level. We should readily subject ourselves to the democratic oversight of CPPCC committees, public oversight, and oversight through public opinion, so that power is exercised with transparency.

 

Everything the government does should be something the people want. We will make decisions in a sound, democratic, and legally-compliant way, listen carefully to the views of the deputies to people’s congresses and CPPCC committee members; listen to the views of other political parties, federations of industry and commerce, people without party affiliation, and people’s organizations, and listen to the views of the general public and the business community. This will make sure that each of our policies fits the conditions and realities of our country, responds to people’s desire, and better satisfies public demand.

 

We will promote transparency in all government affairs. We will support trade unions, Communist Youth League organizations, women’s federations, and other people’s organizations in better playing their roles.

 

We will fully implement the system of responsibility and accountability for government enforcement of laws and regulations. All actions that violate laws or regulations will be resolutely investigated and punished; all instances of failure to enforce the law impartially and with basic decency must be resolutely stopped; and any employee of government found to be not doing their job must be firmly held to account.

 

深入推进党风廉政建设。扎实开展“不忘初心、牢记使命”主题教育。认真贯彻落实中央八项规定及其实施细则精神,持之以恒纠治“四风”。加强廉洁政府建设,一体推进不敢腐、不能腐、不想腐。强化审计监督。政府工作人员要自觉接受法律监督、监察监督和人民监督。衡量政绩最终是看结果。各级政府要坚决反对和整治一切形式主义、官僚主义,让干部从文山会海、迎评迎检、材料报表中解脱出来,把精力用在解决实际问题上。压减和规范督查检查考核事项,实施“互联网+督查”。减少开会和发文数量,今年国务院及其部门要带头大幅精简会议、坚决把文件压减三分之一以上。

 

We will step up efforts to improve Party conduct and ensure clean government.

 

We will hold activities about keeping in mind our Party’s founding mission. We will fully enforce the Party Central Committee’s eight-point decision on conduct and its rules for implementation, and keep up efforts to address formalities performed for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance.

 

We will intensify work to build a clean government, and take coordinated action to make government employees not dare, not able, and not want to commit corruption.

 

Auditing-based oversight will be strengthened. We in the government must readily subject ourselves to the oversight of the law, supervisory bodies, and the people. The ultimate measure of our performance is whether and what we deliver.

 

Governments at all levels must firmly oppose and put a stop to all pointless formalities and bureaucratism in all its manifestations. We should free government employees from the mountains of documents and endless meetings, from the superfluities surrounding evaluations and inspections, and from report writing and form filling-in, and instead spend our energy on solving real problems.

 

We will cut down on and overhaul matters subject to inspection, checks, and evaluations, and implement an Internet Plus Inspection initiative. The number of meetings and documents will be cut. This year, the State Council and its offices and departments will lead the way in making major reductions to the number of meetings and will cut the number of documents issued by over a third.

 

切实强化责任担当。中国改革发展的巨大成就,是广大干部群众筚路蓝缕、千辛万苦干出来的。实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标,成就中国人民的幸福与追求,还得长期不懈地干。为政以公,行胜于言。各级政府及其工作人员要求真务实、力戒浮华,以推动改革发展的成果说话,以干事创业的实绩交卷。健全激励约束机制和尽职免责机制,营造干部愿干事、敢干事、能干成事的环境。更好发挥中央和地方两个积极性,尊重基层和群众首创精神,为地方大胆探索提供激励、留足空间。广大干部要树立强烈的事业心和进取心,事不避难、义不逃责,埋头苦干、结合实际创造性地干,努力干出无愧于人民的新业绩,干出中国发展的新辉煌。

 

We will strengthen our readiness to shoulder responsibility.

 

The tremendous achievements of China’s reform and development to date have been made by our officials and people through perseverance and hard work. To achieve the Two Centenary Goals, and let the happiness and ambitions of the Chinese people be realized, we need to continue to put in long-term hard work.

 

Government works for the public; words can’t compare with actions. All levels and employees of government should be down to earth and practical and eschew doing things for show. We should let what we have achieved in reform and development speak for itself. We should deliver a good performance in what we do. We will improve the mechanisms for offering incentives, imposing constraints, and ensuring no one who has fulfilled their duties is held liable. We should create an atmosphere in which officials are ready and eager to try, and able to try and deliver real outcomes.

 

We will keep central and local governments motivated, respect the pioneering spirit of officials working at the primary level and the people, and offer incentives and leave ample space for local governments to make bold explorations.

 

All of us working in the government must have true dedication and be enterprising. We must never sidestep difficulties or shirk obligations; we must knuckle down and work hard, and be creative while aware of what is feasible. We should make new achievements worthy of our people and make remarkable new accomplishments in pursuing China’s development.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

我们要坚持和完善民族区域自治制度,全面贯彻党的民族政策,深化民族团结进步教育,铸牢中华民族共同体意识,促进各民族和睦相处、和衷共济、和谐发展。加大对民族地区和人口较少民族发展的支持,深入实施兴边富民行动,同心协力建设56个民族共同团结奋斗、共同繁荣发展的美好家园。

 

We will uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, implement in full the Party’s policies on ethnic affairs, heighten public awareness of ethnic unity and progress, build a strong sense of community among the Chinese people, and enable the people of all our ethnic groups to live together happily, work together for a common cause, and develop in harmony. We will strengthen support for development in ethnic minority areas and for the development of ethnic groups with smaller populations. We will redouble efforts to boost development in the border regions to benefit the people living there. Together, we will build a beautiful homeland in which 56 ethnic groups work together for common prosperity and development.

 

我们要全面贯彻党的宗教工作基本方针,坚持我国宗教的中国化方向,依法管理宗教事务,发挥宗教界人士和信教群众在促进经济社会发展中的积极作用。

 

We must fully implement the Party’s fundamental policy on religious affairs, abide by the principle that religions in China must be Chinese in orientation, oversee religious affairs in accordance with law, and encourage religious leaders and believers to take an active part in promoting economic and social development.

 

我们要认真落实侨务政策,保障海外侨胞和归侨侨眷合法权益,改善和加强服务,发挥好他们的独特优势和重要作用,画好海内外中华儿女的最大同心圆,汇聚起共创辉煌的澎湃力量。

 

We will act on policies related to overseas Chinese nationals, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese nationals, returned overseas Chinese, and relatives of overseas Chinese nationals residing in China. We will improve and strengthen our services for them, give play to their unique strengths and important role, seek the greatest convergence of interests among all Chinese, both at home and overseas, and forge a mighty force, as we endeavor to create more remarkable achievements.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

过去一年,国防和军队建设扎实推进,强军事业展现许多新气象新作为。新的一年,要继续以党在新时代的强军目标为引领,牢固确立习近平强军思想在国防和军队建设中的指导地位,深入推进政治建军、改革强军、科技兴军、依法治军。坚持党对军队绝对领导的根本原则和制度,全面深入贯彻军委主席负责制。贯彻新时代军事战略方针,提高实战化军事训练水平,坚决维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。继续深化国防和军队改革,建立健全中国特色社会主义军事政策制度体系。加强和完善国防教育、国防动员体系建设,增强全民国防意识。深入实施军民融合发展战略,加快国防科技创新步伐。各级政府要大力关心支持国防和军队建设,深入开展“双拥”活动,让军政军民团结之树根深叶茂、永葆常青。

 

Over the past year, we achieved solid progress in strengthening national defense and the armed forces, made many new accomplishments in this endeavor, and brought new changes to our military. In the year ahead, we will continue to take as our guide the Party’s goal of building stronger armed forces for the new era, and ensure that our work to develop national defense and the armed forces is guided by Xi Jinping’s thinking on strengthening the military. We will further efforts to ensure the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform, science and technology, and run them in accordance with law.

 

We will observe the fundamental principle and system of absolute Party leadership over the armed forces, and fully enforce the system of ultimate responsibility resting with the chairman of the Central Military Commission.

 

We will implement the military strategy for the new era, strengthen military training under combat conditions, and firmly protect China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests.

 

We will continue reforms in national defense and the armed forces, and establish a sound system of socialist military policies and institutions with Chinese characteristics. The system for national defense mobilization will be strengthened and improved, and educational activities will be carried out to heighten public consciousness about national defense. We will further implement the military-civilian integration strategy, and speed up efforts to make innovations in defense related science and technology.

 

We in government at all levels must concern ourselves with and vigorously support the development of national defense and the armed forces, conduct extensive activities to promote mutual support between the military and civilians, so that the tree of unity between the military and the government and between the military and the people continues to grow deep roots and is always in blossom.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

我们要继续全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,严格依照宪法和基本法办事。全力支持香港、澳门特别行政区政府和行政长官依法施政。支持港澳抓住共建“一带一路”和粤港澳大湾区建设的重大机遇,更好发挥自身优势,全面深化与内地互利合作。我们坚信,香港、澳门一定能与祖国内地同发展共进步、一定能保持长期繁荣稳定。

 

We will continue, fully and faithfully, to implement the policies of “one country, two systems,” the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong, the people of Macao governing Macao, and a high degree of autonomy for both regions, and act in strict compliance with China’s Constitution and the basic laws of the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions.

 

The governments and chief executives of the two regions have our full support in exercising law-based governance. We will support the two regions in seizing the major opportunities presented by the Belt and Road Initiative and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area development strategy, giving better play to their strengths, and deepening mutually beneficial cooperation with the mainland in all fields. We have every confidence that Hong Kong and Macao will develop and thrive together with the mainland and maintain long-term prosperity and stability.

 

我们要坚持对台工作大政方针。全面贯彻落实习近平总书记在《告台湾同胞书》发表40周年纪念会上的重要讲话精神,坚持一个中国原则和“九二共识”,推动两岸关系和平发展、推进祖国和平统一进程。坚决反对和遏制“台独”分裂图谋和行径,坚决维护国家主权和领土完整。深化两岸融合发展,持续扩大两岸经济文化交流合作。两岸同胞同根相系、同命相连,应携手共创共享全体中国人的美好未来。

 

We will adhere to the major principles and policies on work related to Taiwan. We will implement in full the guiding principles embodied in General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech at the meeting to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the issuance of the Message to Our Compatriots in Taiwan. We will uphold the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promote the peaceful growth of relations across the Taiwan Strait, and advance China’s peaceful reunification.

 

We will resolutely oppose and deter any separatist schemes or activities seeking “Taiwan independence,” and resolutely protect China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

 

We will deepen integrated development on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, and keep expanding cross-Strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation. The people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait are bound by kinship and share a common destiny. We should work together to create a beautiful future for all Chinese.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

当今世界面临百年未有之大变局。我们将坚定不移走和平发展道路、奉行互利共赢的开放战略,坚定维护多边主义和以联合国为核心的国际体系。积极参与全球治理体系的改革完善,坚定维护开放型世界经济,推动构建人类命运共同体。加强与主要大国沟通对话与协调合作,深化同周边国家关系,拓展与发展中国家互利合作。积极为妥善应对全球性挑战和解决地区热点问题提供更多中国建设性方案。中国愿与各国携手合作、同舟共济,为促进世界持久和平与共同发展作出新的贡献。

 

The world today faces profound changes of a kind unseen in a century. China will remain on the path of peaceful development, pursue mutually beneficial opening-up, and resolutely uphold multilateralism and the international system built around the United Nations. We will participate actively in reforming and improving the global governance system and firmly uphold an open world economy to build a human community with a shared future.

 

We will strengthen communication, dialogue, coordination, and cooperation with other major countries. We will deepen relations with our neighbors and expand mutually beneficial cooperation with other developing countries. We will actively offer constructive Chinese approaches for responding appropriately to global challenges and addressing flashpoints in some regions. China stands ready to work together with all other countries to make new contributions in promoting enduring world peace and shared prosperity.

 

各位代表!

 

Fellow Deputies,

 

奋斗创造历史,实干成就未来。我们要更加紧密地团结在以习近平同志为核心的党中央周围,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,迎难而上,开拓进取,以经济社会发展的优异成绩迎接中华人民共和国成立70周年,为决胜全面建成小康社会、夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利,为把我国建设成为富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦不懈奋斗!

 

Struggle creates history; hard work makes a bright future. We will rally closer around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, rise to each challenge, and create new progress. We will commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China with great achievements in economic and social development.

 

Let us continue our struggle to secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, to achieve the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful, and to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation!

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