双语:阿祖莱总干事2019年国际消除贫穷日致辞

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Message by UNESCO DG Ms. Audrey Azoulay on the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2019

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2019

Message from Ms. Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on the Occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

教科文组织总干事奥德蕾·阿祖莱国际消除贫穷日致辞

 

17 October 2019

2019年10月17日

 

“Poverty is the worst form of violence”, said Mahatma Gandhi of this widespread cause of suffering and deprivation. Today, governments all over the world are taking action, and poverty continues to decline, with the fastest reductions seen in India, Cambodia and Bangladesh.

 

贫穷是造成苦难和匮乏的普遍根源。“贫穷才是最糟糕的暴力”。圣雄甘地对此如是说。今天,世界各地的政府都在采取行动,贫困现象呈现持续下降趋势,其中印度、柬埔寨和孟加拉国减贫速度最快。

 

However, our efforts are not ambitious enough.

 

但我们的步子还不够大。

 

At the current rate of poverty reduction, we will not achieve our common target of no more than 3 per cent of the world population living in extreme poverty by 2030. Instead, it is expected that the level will be closer to 6 per cent – around 420 million people. Furthermore, deprivation disproportionately affects sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where 84.5 per cent of people live in deprivation.

 

按照目前的减贫速度,我们将无法实现我们的共同目标,即:到2030年生活在极端贫困中的世界人口不超过 3%。不仅如此,预计到那时这一水平将接近6%,涉及到大约4.2亿人。此外,贫困对撒哈拉以南非洲和南亚的影响尤为严重,那里84.5%的人生活在贫困之中。

 

To understand and take action on poverty, it is not enough to merely conduct research on wealth inequality, as this does not capture the all-encompassing reality. The 2019 global Multidimensional Poverty Index reported that 1.3 billion people are “multidimensionally poor”, meaning that they suffer multiple disadvantages in the areas of education, health, quality of work, cultural experiences, violence and general wellbeing. Half are children under the age of 18, and one third are children under the age of 10.

 

仅仅对贫富不均现象开展研究不足以了解贫困并采取行动,因为这一现象并不能反映出包罗万象的现实。2019年度《全球多维贫困指数》报告显示, 全球共有13亿人处于“多维贫困状态”,这意味着他们在教育、健康、工作 质量、文化体验、暴力和总体福祉方面遭受多重不利影响。这其中半数为18岁以下的青少年,三分之一为10岁以下的儿童。

 

Therefore, we must go further and closely examine the cultural, environmental, social, spatial and political factors that are both a root cause and a means of propagation of poverty.

 

因此,我们必须更进一步,深入研究既是贫困根源又是贫困传播手段的文化、环境、社会、空间和政治因素。

 

This is central to UNESCO’s action, which focuses on girls and women in particular. UNESCO uses education as a lever, because for each year that a girl spends in the classroom, her future income will increase by 10 to 20 per cent. In turn, educated mothers will make school a priority for their daughters. In light of this, UNESCO’s new Futures of Education initiative aims to transform education to combat social fragmentation and inequality.

 

教科文组织将教育作为杠杆,因为女童多上一年学,她未来的收入就会增加10%至20%。另一方面,接受过教育的母亲,也会把自己女儿上学读书当成一件大事。有鉴于此,教科文组织新发起的“教育的未来”倡议,目的在于通过教育变革,同社会碎片化和不平等现象作斗争。

 

Today, let us draw inspiration from Nelson Mandela, who said: “As long as poverty, injustice and gross inequality exist in our world, none of us can truly rest”. UNESCO, for one, will not.

 

今天,纳尔逊·曼德拉的名言依然启迪着我们。他说,“只要世界上贫穷、不公正和严重不平等的现象仍然存在,我们任何人都不能真正歇息下来。”教科文组织不会停歇。

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