双语:张军大使在安理会中导问题公开会上的发言

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摘要

Statement by Amb. Zhang Jun at Security Council on Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

张军大使在安理会中导问题公开会上发言

常驻联合国代表张军大使在安理会中导问题公开会上的发言

Statement by Ambassador Zhang Jun at Security Council on Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

 

主席女士,

 

Madam President,

 

我认真听取了中满泉副秘书长所作通报。

 

I have listened carefully to the briefing by USG Nakamitsu.

 

1987年美苏达成的《中导条约》是军控与裁军领域的重要条约。条约明确将加强战略稳定作为目标,有效缓解了美苏在欧洲的中导军备竞赛,有利于增进大国战略互信,缓和国际关系,推进核裁军进程。

 

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) signed between the US and the USSR in 1987 is an important treaty on arms control and disarmament. Taking strengthening strategic stability as its objective, the treaty effectively mitigated the arms race on intermediate-range missiles between the US and USSR in Europe and helped to enhance strategic mutual trust between major powers, ease international relations and advance nuclear disarmament process.

 

进入新世纪以来,维护《中导条约》有效性,不仅对美俄两国,也对国际和地区的和平与安全具有重要现实意义。美俄本应通过对话协商妥善处理关于履约问题的分歧,切实维护条约有效性。但美国单方面退约导致条约失效,将对全球战略平衡与稳定、欧洲和亚太地区安全及国际军控体系产生深远消极影响,国际社会应对此保持清醒认识。在《中导条约》问题上,中方已多次表明立场,拿中国作为退约借口是不可接受的。中方拒绝美方的无理指责。

 

Entering the new century, safeguarding the effectiveness of the INF treaty is of great practical significance not only to the United States and Russia but also to international and regional peace and security. The two countries should have properly handled differences over treaty compliance through dialogue and consultation to earnestly safeguard the effectiveness of the treaty. However, the unilateral withdrawal of the United States from the treaty led to the demise of the treaty, which will have a far-reaching negative impact on global strategic balance and stability, regional security in Europe and Asia as well as international arms control regime. The international community should be clear headed about this impact. On the INF issue, China has made clear its position on many occasions. It is unacceptable to use China as an excuse for leaving the treaty, and China rejects the baseless accusation by the United States.

 

主席女士,

 

Madam President,

 

当今世界正经历百年未有之大变局,和平、发展、合作、共赢的时代潮流不可逆转,和平力量的上升远远超过战争因素的增长。同时,国际安全面临的不稳定性不确定性更加突出。多边主义是应对共同挑战的有效途径,各国应坚定维护以国际法和《联合国宪章》宗旨原则为核心的国际秩序,秉持共同、综合、合作和可持续的新安全观,充分尊重各国正当合理安全关切,努力塑造和平稳定的国际安全环境,推动构建人类命运共同体。

 

The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. Peace, development and win-win cooperation remain the irreversible trends of the times, with forces for peace predominating over elements of war. At the same time, there are prominent destabilizing factors and uncertainties in international security. Multilateralism is the effective means to address common challenges. All countries should resolutely safeguard international order with international law and the purposes and principles of the UN Charter at its core, embrace a concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, fully respect the legitimate security concerns of all countries, work hard for a peaceful and stable international security environment and promote a community of a shared future for mankind.

 

《联合国宪章》赋予安理会维护国际和平与安全的重要职责,安理会成员应展现责任担当,各国均应避免采取损害别国安全利益的举动。美方在正式退出《中导条约》前即宣称计划加快中导研发和部署,并已于日前试射新型陆基巡航导弹。中方强烈敦促有关国家本着高度负责的态度,保持克制,切实维护现有军控体系,维护全球战略平衡与稳定,维护国际和地区和平与安宁。这是国际社会的共同呼声。

 

The UN Charter entrusts the Security Council with the important responsibility of maintaining international peace and security. Council members should earnestly fulfill their responsibilities in this regard. All countries should refrain from taking actions that undermine the security interests of other countries. Prior to its official withdrawal from the INF treaty, the United States already announced its plan to accelerate the development and deployment of intermediate range missiles. And lately, it conducted a test launch of land-based cruise missile. China strongly urges the relevant country to take a highly responsible attitude, exercise restraint and earnestly preserve the existing arms control regime in an effort to safeguard global strategic balance and stability and international and regional peace and security. This is the shared message from the international community.

 

退出《中导条约》是美国奉行单边主义、推卸国际义务的又一消极举动,其真实目的是自我松绑、谋求单方面绝对军事优势。中国始终奉行防御性的国防政策,拥有的陆基中程导弹全部部署在本国境内,完全出于防御目的,不威胁任何国家。中方坚决反对美国在亚太地区部署陆基中导,要求美方在此方面保持理性和克制。

 

Withdrawal from the INF treaty is yet another act of unilateralism and escape from international obligations by the United States. It is aimed at relieving restrictions and seeking absolute military advantage. China pursues a national defense policy that is defensive nature. China’s land-based intermediate range missiles are all deployed within the Chinese territory. It is for defense purposes only and poses no threat to any country. China firmly opposes US deployment of land-based intermediate range missiles in the Asia-Pacific and urges the United States to be cool-headed and exercise restraint.

 

主席女士,

 

Madam President,

 

国际军控与裁军条约体系是全球战略平衡与稳定的基石,与国际和平安全息息相关。核裁军是《不扩散核武器条约》的三大支柱之一,是核领域全球治理的重要组成部分。各国应遵循“维护全球战略稳定”和“各国安全不受减损”等原则,循序渐进推进核裁军进程。拥有最大核武库的国家应切实履行核裁军特殊、优先责任。我们支持俄罗斯在此方面作出的政治外交努力,支持并鼓励俄罗斯和美国就战略安全和双边核裁军问题保持对话,致力于《美俄关于进一步削减和限制进攻性战略武器措施的条约》延期,并继续以可核查、不可逆、具有法律约束力的方式大幅削减核武库,为推进多边核裁军进程创造必要条件。

 

The international arms control and disarmament treaty system, as the cornerstone of global strategic balance and stability, bears on international peace and security. Nuclear disarmament, as one of the three pillars of the NPT, constitutes an important part of global governance in the nuclear field. All countries should follow the principles of “maintaining global strategic stability” and “undiminished security for all” and advance disarmament process in a step-by-step manner. Countries with the largest nuclear arsenals have special and primary responsibility for nuclear disarmament. We support the political and diplomatic efforts made by Russia, support and encourage Russia and the United States to maintain dialogue on strategic security and bilateral nuclear disarmament issues, commit themselves to the extension of the New START Treaty, continue to make substantive reduction in their nuclear arsenals in a verifiable, irreversible and legally binding manner with a view to creating necessary conditions for advancing multilateral nuclear disarmament processes.

 

我要强调,任何军控谈判都应充分考虑各国整体军事实力,并遵循“各国安全不受减损”这一国际军控基本原则。中方已多次就所谓“中美俄军控谈判”提议表明立场,现阶段中方无意也不会参加所谓“中美俄军控谈判”。

 

I must emphasize that for any arms control negotiation, it is imperative to fully consider the overall military capabilities of countries and follow the principle of “undiminished security for all”, a basic principle of international arms control. China has repeatedly stated its position on the so-called arms control negotiation with the United States and Russia. China has no interest and will not be part of it.

 

中国始终不渝奉行防御性国防政策,中国自卫防御的核战略完全透明,中国的核政策高度负责,中国的核武库规模极为有限,从不对国际和平与安全构成威胁。几十年来,中国一贯积极参与联合国、裁军谈判会议等多边机制框架下的军控磋商与谈判,反对军备竞赛,维护全球战略平衡和稳定。未来中方将继续坚定维护多边主义,积极参与多边军控进程,为维护国际和平与安全贡献力量。

 

China unswervingly pursues a national defense policy that is defensive in nature. China’s nuclear strategy for self-defense is completely transparent and its nuclear policy is highly responsible. China’s nuclear arsenal is extremely limited in scale, and poses no threat to international peace and security. For decades, China has actively participated in arms control consultations and negotiations under multilateral mechanisms and frameworks including those of the United Nations and Conference on Disarmament. China opposes arms race and works to safeguard global strategic balance and stability. Moving forward, China will continue to firmly uphold multilateralism, actively participate in multilateral arms control processes to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security.

 

谢谢主席女士。

 

Thank you, Madam President.

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