双语:奥德蕾·阿祖莱总干事2019年世界海洋日致辞

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摘要

Message by UNESCO DG Ms. Audrey Azoulay on World Oceans Day 2019

World Oceans Day 2019

Message from Ms. Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on the Occasion of the World Oceans Day

教科文组织总干事奥德蕾·阿祖莱世界海洋日致辞

 

“Gender and Ocean”

“性别与海洋”

 

8 June 2019

2019年6月8日

 

For the last ten years, World Oceans Day has presented us with an opportunity to raise awareness of the importance of our ocean, and to emphasize our individual and collective responsibility to sustainably use and preserve our planet’s largest ecosystem.

 

十年来,世界海洋日一直是提高人们对海洋重要性的认识、强调可持续利用和保护海洋这一地球最大生态系统是我们个人和集体应尽责任的契机。

 

The ocean is a prerequisite for the possibility of life on Earth. It is the source of our fresh water, it produces half of the oxygen we breathe, and powerfully affects our climate. Yet the ocean is endangered. Global warming, acidification, pollution, dead zones, harmful algal blooms and ecosystem degradation reveal how far human activities have impacted on our oceans.

 

海洋是地球上生命存续的先决条件。它是我们的淡水之源,我们所呼吸的氧气一半来自于海洋,它对我们的气候影响极大。然而,海洋却深受威胁。全球变暖、酸化、污染、死区、有害藻华和生态系统恶化等现象,无一不显示出人类活动对我们的海洋造成的严重影响。

 

According to the first Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), launched in UNESCO on 6 May, plastic pollution in the ocean is an especially pressing issue, having increased tenfold since 1980. Plastic debris leads to the deaths of more than a million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals every year.

 

根据生物多样性和生态系统服务政府间科学政策平台5月 6日在教科文组织发布的首份生物多样性全球评估报告,1980年以来,海洋塑料污染增加十倍,成为亟待解决的问题。塑料垃圾每年导致超过100万只海鸟和10万只海洋哺乳动物死亡。

 

This situation should engage us all in the preservation of our common environmental heritage. It should drive humankind to understand the paramount importance of maintaining a healthy ocean, which we all depend on for life, climate, well-being and, more essentially, our future. Ocean challenges require urgent and collective action to reverse current trends. This is why the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Ocean Science Decade for Sustainable Development (2021-2030), the preparation of which is coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

 

这种形势促使我们所有人投入到保护海洋这一人类共同环境遗产的行动之中,促使人类理解维持健康海洋环境的极端重要性:我们的生命、气候、福祉,以及更重要的是,我们的未来,都有赖于此。需要紧急采取集体行动应对海洋挑战,扭转当前局势——这便是联合国大会宣布“海洋科学促进可持续发展十年(2021‒2030年)”的原因所在。

 

This Decade aims to encourage international scientific collaboration as well as sustainable management of our oceans and coasts through the interplay of science and policy. It also aims to mobilize citizens from all cultures and peoples, across gender and generational lines for the preservation of the ocean because it is about our very survival as a species.

 

“十年”的筹备工作由教科文组织政府间海洋学委员会协调。“十年”旨在鼓励国际科学合作以及通过科学与政策之间的相互作用实现对海洋和沿海的可持续管理。“十年”还旨在动员各文化、种族、性别和年龄的公民保护海洋,因为这事关我们作为一个物种的生存。

 

As Sylvia Earle, a pioneer for women in ocean science stated, “We need to take care of the ocean and take care of it as if our lives depended on it. Because they do”.

 

正如海洋科学领域的女性先驱西尔维娅·厄尔所言,我们需要呵护海洋,就好像她是维系我们生命的根基,因为事实也的确如此。

 

We need to empower each and every citizen to take care of the ocean, and enable all women to play transformative and ambitious roles in understanding, exploring, protecting and sustainably managing our ocean. This is why this special edition of World Oceans Day links the themes of gender equality and ocean preservation.

 

我们需要赋予每一位公民呵护海洋的能力,并使所有女性都能够在理解、探索、保护和可持续管理海洋方面发挥举足轻重的变革性作用。正因如此,今年的世界海洋日特地将性别平等与海洋保护两个主题联系起来。

 

Women are engaged in all aspects of interaction with our ocean, from fishing to conservation; yet their voices are often missing at the decision-making level

 

从渔业到海洋保护,女性的身影无处不在。但在决策层却往往缺乏她们的声音。

 

From the marine industry to the field of ocean science, gender inequality persists. The Global Ocean Science Report of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO highlights that women represent only 38% of all ocean scientists. Women make up 50% of the workforce in marine and coastal industries and services, but their wages continue to be lower than those of men.

 

从海洋产业到海洋科学等各领域,都依然存在性别不平等现象。教科文组织政府间海洋委员会的《全球海洋科学报告》强调,海洋科学研究人员中的女性比例仅为38%。妇女占海洋和沿海工业和服务业劳动力的50%,但薪资却持续低于男性。

 

To set a balanced course for humanity and to foster innovative solutions for our ocean, we must ensure diversity and gender inclusiveness at all levels.

 

确立人类平衡发展之道和探求海洋创新解决办法,我们都必须在各个层面确保多样性和性别包容。

 

Not only is the ocean an increasingly important battleground for achieving gender equality, but building a more gender equal society also means empowering women and girls to be the actors of positive ocean change, as Sylvia Earle so relentlessly was, fighting discrimination to play a role in improving ocean science and awareness.

 

海洋是助力实现性别平等日益重要的战场,构建一个性别更加平等的社会也意味着增强妇女和女童的权能,使她们成为推动海洋积极变化的行动者,像西尔维娅·厄尔一样,与歧视现象不懈斗争,并在推动海洋科学发展、提高人们认识方面发挥作用。

 

Mainstreaming gender equality throughout the Ocean Science Decade will help ensure that, by 2030, women as much as men are driving ocean science and management, helping to deliver the ocean we need for a prosperous, sustainable and environmentally secure future.

 

通过“海洋科学十年”实现性别平等主流化,将有助于确保到2030年女性在推动海洋科学与管理方面发挥与男性同等重要的作用,共同营造繁荣、可持续和环境安全的未来所需的海洋环境。

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