双语:《新疆的宗教信仰自由状况》白皮书

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摘要

Full Text: Freedom of Religious Belief in Xinjiang

国新办6月2日发表了《新疆的宗教信仰自由状况》白皮书

新疆的宗教信仰自由状况

Freedom of Religious Belief in Xinjiang

 

中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室

The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China

 

2016年6月

June 2016

 

目录

Contents

 

前言

Foreword

 

一、新疆的宗教历史

I. History of Religions in Xinjiang

 

二、保障公民宗教信仰自由权利

II. Protecting Citizens’ Freedom of Religious Belief

 

三、满足信教公民正常宗教需求

III. Satisfying Believers’ Normal Religious Requirements

 

四、依法管理宗教事务

IV. Managing Religious Affairs in Accordance with the Law

 

五、开展宗教对外交流

V. International Religious Exchanges

 

六、防范和打击宗教极端

VI. Preventing and Combating Religious Extremism

 

七、发挥宗教界的积极作用

VII. Active Role of Religious Circles

 

结束语

Conclusion

 

前言

Foreword

 

新疆维吾尔自治区(简称新疆)地处中国西北,千百年来,这里就是一个多民族聚居、多宗教并存的地区。目前,新疆主要有伊斯兰教、佛教、基督教、天主教和道教等。

 

The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang for short) is located in northwest China. For thousands of years it has been a multi-ethnic region of multiple religions. At present, the major religions in Xinjiang are Islam, Buddhism, Protestantism, Catholicism and Taoism.

 

历史上,新疆的宗教关系十分复杂。新中国成立以前,不同宗教之间、同一宗教的不同教派之间发生过多次冲突,甚至在局部地区爆发了长达数十年的宗教战争和数百年的教派纷争。宗教战争和冲突,不仅对经济社会造成严重破坏,也给人民带来深重灾难,使人们失去信仰自由。

 

Historically, religious relations in Xinjiang were very complicated. Before the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949 many conflicts had occurred between different religions or different sects of the same religion; some areas even experienced decades of religious wars and centuries of sectarian strife. Religious wars and conflicts not only caused serious damage to the economy and society, but also brought grave disasters to the people. As a result, people lost freedom of faith.

 

1949年新中国成立后,新疆各族人民真正获得了宗教信仰自由的权利。中央政府和新疆地方各级政府全面落实民族区域自治制度,贯彻实施宗教信仰自由政策,不断完善宗教事务管理法律法规,新疆各宗教迎来了和谐共处的历史新阶段。

 

After the People’s Republic of China was founded, people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang gained the freedom of religious belief. The central government and local governments at all levels of Xinjiang have fully implemented the system of regional ethnic autonomy and the policy on the freedom of religious belief, and constantly improved laws and regulations on the administration of religious affairs. All religions in Xinjiang have thus reached a new historical stage at which they coexist in harmony.

 

为了让国际社会了解新疆宗教信仰自由的真实状况,这里作些介绍和说明。

 

To let the peoples of the rest of the world know the real situation of religious freedom in Xinjiang, this paper hereby makes a brief introduction and explanation.

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